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7156 jlepiller 1
# SOME DESCRIPTIVE TITLE
2
# Copyright (C) YEAR Free Software Foundation, Inc.
3
# This file is distributed under the same license as the PACKAGE package.
4
# FIRST AUTHOR <EMAIL@ADDRESS>, YEAR.
7313 jlepiller 5
#
7156 jlepiller 6
msgid ""
7
msgstr ""
8
"Project-Id-Version: PACKAGE VERSION\n"
9
"POT-Creation-Date: 2016-08-09 15:54+0200\n"
7334 jlepiller 10
"PO-Revision-Date: 2017-11-29 11:19+0000\n"
11
"Last-Translator: roptat <roptat@lepiller.eu>\n"
7156 jlepiller 12
"Language-Team: LANGUAGE <LL@li.org>\n"
7313 jlepiller 13
"Language: fr\n"
7156 jlepiller 14
"MIME-Version: 1.0\n"
15
"Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8\n"
16
"Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit\n"
17
"Plural-Forms: nplurals=2; plural=(n > 1);\n"
7228 jlepiller 18
"X-Generator: Pootle 2.8\n"
7334 jlepiller 19
"X-POOTLE-MTIME: 1511954383.355221\n"
7156 jlepiller 20
 
21
#. type: Content of the shadow-download-http entity
22
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:7
23
msgid ""
7228 jlepiller 24
"https://github.com/shadow-maint/shadow/releases/download/&shadow-"
25
"version;/shadow-&shadow-version;.tar.xz"
7156 jlepiller 26
msgstr ""
7228 jlepiller 27
"https://github.com/shadow-maint/shadow/releases/download/&shadow-"
28
"version;/shadow-&shadow-version;.tar.xz"
7156 jlepiller 29
 
30
#. type: Content of the shadow-md5sum entity
31
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:9
7453 jlepiller 32
msgid "b491fecbf1232632c32ff8f1437fd60e"
33
msgstr "b491fecbf1232632c32ff8f1437fd60e"
7156 jlepiller 34
 
35
#. type: Content of the shadow-size entity
36
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:10
7228 jlepiller 37
msgid "1.6 MB"
38
msgstr "1.6 Mo"
7156 jlepiller 39
 
40
#. type: Content of the shadow-buildsize entity
41
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:11
7453 jlepiller 42
msgid "33 MB"
43
msgstr "33 Mo"
7156 jlepiller 44
 
45
#. type: Content of the shadow-time entity
46
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:12
47
msgid "0.2 SBU"
48
msgstr "0.2 SBU"
49
 
50
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect1info>
51
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:19
52
msgid ""
7786 jlepiller 53
"<othername>$LastChangedBy: pierre $</othername> <date>$Date: 2019-02-15 "
54
"21:01:29 +0000 (Fri, 15 Feb 2019) $</date>"
7156 jlepiller 55
msgstr ""
7786 jlepiller 56
"<othername>$LastChangedBy: pierre $</othername> <date>$Date: 2019-02-15 "
57
"21:01:29 +0000 (Fri, 15 Feb 2019) $</date>"
7156 jlepiller 58
 
59
#. type: Content of: <sect1><title>
60
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:23
61
msgid "Shadow-&shadow-version;"
62
msgstr "Shadow-&shadow-version;"
63
 
64
#. type: Content of: <sect1><indexterm><primary>
65
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:26
66
msgid "Shadow"
67
msgstr "Shadow"
68
 
69
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
70
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:30
71
msgid "Introduction to Shadow"
72
msgstr "Introduction à Shadow"
73
 
74
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
75
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:33
76
msgid ""
77
"<application>Shadow</application> was indeed installed in LFS and there is "
7165 jlepiller 78
"no reason to reinstall it unless you installed "
79
"<application>CrackLib</application> or <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
80
"after your LFS system was completed.  If you have installed "
81
"<application>CrackLib</application> after LFS, then reinstalling "
82
"<application>Shadow</application> will enable strong password support. If "
83
"you have installed <application>Linux-PAM</application>, reinstalling "
84
"<application>Shadow</application> will allow programs such as "
85
"<command>login</command> and <command>su</command> to utilize PAM."
7156 jlepiller 86
msgstr ""
87
"<application>Shadow</application> a effectivement été installé dans LFS et "
88
"il n'y a aucune raison pour le réinstaller, sauf si vous avez installé "
89
"<application>CrackLib</application> ou <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
90
"après que votre système LFS ai été terminé. Si vous avez installé "
91
"<application>CrackLib</application> après LFS, la réinstallation de "
92
"<application>Shadow</application> activera le support des mots de passe "
93
"renforcés. Si vous avez installé <application>Linux-PAM</application>, la "
94
"réinstallation de <application>Shadow</application> permettra à des "
95
"programmes tels que <command>login</command> et <command>su</command> "
96
"d'utiliser PAM."
97
 
98
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><bridgehead>
7304 jlepiller 99
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:46
7156 jlepiller 100
msgid "Package Information"
101
msgstr "Informations sur le paquet"
102
 
103
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7304 jlepiller 104
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:50
7156 jlepiller 105
msgid "Download (HTTP): <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-http;\"/>"
106
msgstr "Téléchargement (HTTP)&nbsp;: <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-http;\"/>"
107
 
108
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7304 jlepiller 109
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:55
7156 jlepiller 110
msgid "Download (FTP): <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-ftp;\"/>"
111
msgstr "Téléchargement (FTP)&nbsp;: <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-ftp;\"/>"
112
 
113
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7304 jlepiller 114
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:60
7156 jlepiller 115
msgid "Download MD5 sum: &shadow-md5sum;"
116
msgstr "Somme de contrôle MD5 du téléchargement&nbsp;: &shadow-md5sum;"
117
 
118
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7304 jlepiller 119
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:65
7156 jlepiller 120
msgid "Download size: &shadow-size;"
121
msgstr "Taille du téléchargement&nbsp;: &shadow-size;"
122
 
123
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7304 jlepiller 124
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:70
7156 jlepiller 125
msgid "Estimated disk space required: &shadow-buildsize;"
126
msgstr "Estimation de l'espace disque requis&nbsp;: &shadow-buildsize;"
127
 
128
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7304 jlepiller 129
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:75
7156 jlepiller 130
msgid "Estimated build time: &shadow-time;"
131
msgstr "Estimation du temps de construction&nbsp;: &shadow-time;"
132
 
133
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><bridgehead>
7304 jlepiller 134
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:80
7156 jlepiller 135
msgid "Shadow Dependencies"
136
msgstr "Dépendances de Shadow"
137
 
138
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><bridgehead>
7304 jlepiller 139
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:82
7156 jlepiller 140
msgid "Required"
141
msgstr "Requises"
142
 
143
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 144
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:84
7156 jlepiller 145
msgid "<xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> or <xref linkend=\"cracklib\"/>"
146
msgstr "<xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> ou <xref linkend=\"cracklib\"/>"
147
 
148
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 149
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:89
7156 jlepiller 150
msgid "User Notes: <ulink url=\"&blfs-wiki;/shadow\"/>"
151
msgstr "Notes utilisateur&nbsp;: <ulink url=\"&blfs-wiki;/shadow\"/>"
152
 
153
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7304 jlepiller 154
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:94
7156 jlepiller 155
msgid "Installation of Shadow"
156
msgstr "Installation de Shadow"
157
 
158
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><important><para>
7304 jlepiller 159
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:98
7156 jlepiller 160
msgid ""
161
"The installation commands shown below are for installations where "
162
"<application>Linux-PAM</application> has been installed (with or without a "
7165 jlepiller 163
"<application>CrackLib</application> installation) and "
164
"<application>Shadow</application> is being reinstalled to support the "
165
"<application>Linux-PAM</application> installation."
7156 jlepiller 166
msgstr ""
167
"Les commandes d'installation indiquées ci-dessous valent pour les "
7165 jlepiller 168
"installations où on a installé <application>Linux-PAM</application> (avec ou"
169
" sans installation de <application>CrackLib</application>) et "
7156 jlepiller 170
"<application>Shadow</application> devra être réinstallé pour supporter "
171
"l'installation de <application>Linux-PAM</application>."
172
 
173
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><important><para>
7304 jlepiller 174
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:106
7156 jlepiller 175
msgid ""
176
"If you are reinstalling <application>Shadow</application> to provide strong "
177
"password support using the <application>CrackLib</application> library "
178
"without using <application>Linux-PAM</application>, ensure you add the "
7165 jlepiller 179
"<parameter>--with-libcrack</parameter> parameter to the "
180
"<command>configure</command> script below and also issue the following "
181
"command:"
7156 jlepiller 182
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 183
"Si vous réinstallez <application>Shadow</application> pour offrir le support"
184
" des mots de passe forts en utilisant la bibliothèque "
185
"<application>CrackLib</application> sans utiliser <application>Linux-"
186
"PAM</application>, assurez-vous d'ajouter le paramètre <parameter>--with-"
187
"libcrack</parameter> au script <command>configure</command> ci-dessous et "
188
"lancez aussi la commande suivante&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 189
 
190
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><important><screen>
7304 jlepiller 191
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:114
7156 jlepiller 192
#, no-wrap
7165 jlepiller 193
msgid ""
194
"<userinput>sed -i 's@DICTPATH.*@DICTPATH\\t/lib/cracklib/pw_dict@' "
195
"etc/login.defs</userinput>"
196
msgstr ""
197
"<userinput>sed -i 's@DICTPATH.*@DICTPATH\\t/lib/cracklib/pw_dict@' "
198
"etc/login.defs</userinput>"
7156 jlepiller 199
 
200
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 201
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:118
7156 jlepiller 202
msgid ""
203
"Reinstall <application>Shadow</application> by running the following "
204
"commands:"
205
msgstr ""
206
"Réinstallez <application>Shadow</application> en lançant les commandes "
207
"suivantes&nbsp;:"
208
 
209
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><screen>
7304 jlepiller 210
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:122
7156 jlepiller 211
#, no-wrap
212
msgid ""
213
"<userinput>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in &amp;&amp;\n"
7228 jlepiller 214
"\n"
215
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/groups\\.1 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 216
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/getspnam\\.3 / /' {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
217
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/passwd\\.5 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
218
"\n"
219
"sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' \\\n"
220
"       -e 's@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs &amp;&amp;\n"
221
"\n"
7228 jlepiller 222
"sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd                           &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 223
"\n"
224
"./configure --sysconfdir=/etc --with-group-name-max-length=32 &amp;&amp;\n"
225
"make</userinput>"
226
msgstr ""
227
"<userinput>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in &amp;&amp;\n"
7228 jlepiller 228
"\n"
229
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/groups\\.1 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 230
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/getspnam\\.3 / /' {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
231
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/passwd\\.5 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
232
"\n"
233
"sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' \\\n"
234
"       -e 's@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs &amp;&amp;\n"
235
"\n"
7228 jlepiller 236
"sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd                           &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 237
"\n"
238
"./configure --sysconfdir=/etc --with-group-name-max-length=32 &amp;&amp;\n"
239
"make</userinput>"
240
 
241
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 242
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:137
7156 jlepiller 243
msgid "This package does not come with a test suite."
244
msgstr "Ce paquet n'est pas fourni avec une suite de tests."
245
 
246
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 247
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:141
7156 jlepiller 248
msgid "Now, as the <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
249
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 250
"Maintenant, en tant qu'utilisateur <systemitem "
251
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 252
 
253
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><screen>
7304 jlepiller 254
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:144
7156 jlepiller 255
#, no-wrap
256
msgid ""
257
"<userinput>make install &amp;&amp;\n"
258
"mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</userinput>"
259
msgstr ""
260
"<userinput>make install &amp;&amp;\n"
261
"mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</userinput>"
262
 
263
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7304 jlepiller 264
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:149
7156 jlepiller 265
msgid "Command Explanations"
266
msgstr "Explication des commandes"
267
 
268
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 269
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:152
7156 jlepiller 270
msgid ""
271
"<command>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in</command>: This sed "
272
"is used to suppress the installation of the <command>groups</command> "
7165 jlepiller 273
"program as the version from the <application>Coreutils</application> package"
274
" installed during LFS is preferred."
7156 jlepiller 275
msgstr ""
276
"<command>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in</command>&nbsp;: "
277
"Cette commande est utilisée pour supprimer l'installation du programme "
278
"<command>groups</command> vu qu'on préfère la version issue du paquet "
279
"<application>Coreutils</application> installé avec LFS."
280
 
281
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 282
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:159
7156 jlepiller 283
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 284
"<command>find man -name Makefile.in -exec ... {} \\;</command>: This command"
285
" is used to suppress the installation of the <command>groups</command> man "
286
"pages so the existing ones installed from the "
287
"<application>Coreutils</application> package are not replaced."
7156 jlepiller 288
msgstr ""
7184 jlepiller 289
"<command>find man -name Makefile.in -exec ... {} \\;</command>&nbsp;: Cette "
7156 jlepiller 290
"commande est utilisée pour supprimer l'installation des pages de manuel "
7216 jlepiller 291
"<command>groups</command> pour que celles existantes et issues du paquet "
7156 jlepiller 292
"<application>Coreutils</application> ne soient pas remplacées."
293
 
294
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 295
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:166
7156 jlepiller 296
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 297
"<command>sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' -e "
298
"'s@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs</command>: Instead of using "
299
"the default 'DES' method, this command modifies the installation to use the "
300
"more secure 'SHA512' method of hashing passwords, which also allows "
301
"passwords longer than eight characters. It also changes the obsolete "
302
"<filename class=\"directory\">/var/spool/mail</filename> location for user "
303
"mailboxes that <application>Shadow</application> uses by default to the "
304
"<filename class=\"directory\">/var/mail</filename> location."
7156 jlepiller 305
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 306
"<command>sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' -e "
307
"'s@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs</command>&nbsp;: Au lieu "
308
"d'utiliser la méthode 'DES' par défaut, cette commande modifie "
7216 jlepiller 309
"l'installation pour utiliser la méthode plus sécurisée de hashage des mots "
310
"de passe 'SHA512', qui autorise aussi les mots de passe d'une longueur "
311
"supérieure à huit caractères. Elle modifie aussi l'emplacement <filename "
312
"class=\"directory\">/var/spool/mail</filename> obsolète pour les boîtes aux "
313
"lettres utilisateur qu'utilise <application>Shadow</application> par défaut "
314
"en <filename class=\"directory\">/var/mail</filename>."
7156 jlepiller 315
 
316
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 317
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:177
7156 jlepiller 318
msgid ""
319
"<command>sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd</command>: Make a minor change to "
320
"make the default useradd consistent with the LFS groups file."
321
msgstr ""
322
"<command>sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd</command>&nbsp;: Fait une "
7216 jlepiller 323
"modification mineure pour faire que l'ajout de l'utilisateur par défaut soit"
324
" cohérent avec le fichier groups de LFS."
7156 jlepiller 325
 
326
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 327
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:182
7156 jlepiller 328
msgid ""
7190 jlepiller 329
"<parameter>--with-group-name-max-length=32</parameter>: The maximum user "
330
"name is 32 characters. Make the maximum group name the same."
7156 jlepiller 331
msgstr ""
7196 jlepiller 332
"<parameter>--with-group-name-max-length=32</parameter>&nbsp;: Le nom "
7197 jlepiller 333
"d'utilisateur utilise au maximum 32 caractères. Faites la même chose pour le"
334
" nom du groupe."
7156 jlepiller 335
 
336
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 337
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:187
7156 jlepiller 338
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 339
"<command>mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</command>: The <command>passwd</command>"
340
" program may be needed during times when the <filename "
341
"class='directory'>/usr</filename> filesystem is not mounted so it is moved "
342
"into the root partition."
7156 jlepiller 343
msgstr ""
344
"<command>mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</command>&nbsp;: Le programme "
345
"<command>passwd</command> peut être nécessaire aux moments où le système de "
346
"fichiers <filename class='directory'>/usr</filename> n'est pas monté pour "
7334 jlepiller 347
"qu'il soit déplacé dans la partition racine."
7156 jlepiller 348
 
349
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7304 jlepiller 350
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:195
7156 jlepiller 351
msgid "Configuring Shadow"
352
msgstr "Configuration de Shadow"
353
 
354
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 355
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:198
7156 jlepiller 356
msgid ""
357
"<application>Shadow</application>'s stock configuration for the "
358
"<command>useradd</command> utility may not be desirable for your "
359
"installation. One default parameter causes <command>useradd</command> to "
7165 jlepiller 360
"create a mailbox file for any newly created user.  "
361
"<command>useradd</command> will make the group ownership of this file to the"
362
" <systemitem class=\"groupname\">mail</systemitem> group with 0660 "
363
"permissions. If you would prefer that these mailbox files are not created by"
364
" <command>useradd</command>, issue the following command as the <systemitem "
365
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
7156 jlepiller 366
msgstr ""
367
"La configuration par défaut de <application>Shadow</application> pour "
368
"l'outil <command>useradd</command> peut ne pas être désirable pour votre "
369
"installation. Un paramètre par défaut a pour conséquence que "
370
"<command>useradd</command> crée un fichier de boîte aux lettres pour chaque "
371
"nouvel utilisateur créé. <command>useradd</command> donnera l'appartenance "
7165 jlepiller 372
"de groupe de ce fichier au groupe <systemitem "
373
"class=\"groupname\">mail</systemitem> avec les droits 0660. Si vous "
7216 jlepiller 374
"préférerez que ces fichiers boîtes aux lettres ne soient pas créés par "
7165 jlepiller 375
"<command>useradd</command>, lancez la commande suivante en tant "
376
"qu'utilisateur <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 377
 
378
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><screen>
7304 jlepiller 379
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:209
7156 jlepiller 380
#, no-wrap
381
msgid "<userinput>sed -i 's/yes/no/' /etc/default/useradd</userinput>"
382
msgstr "<userinput>sed -i 's/yes/no/' /etc/default/useradd</userinput>"
383
 
384
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7304 jlepiller 385
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:213
7156 jlepiller 386
msgid "Configuring Linux-PAM to Work with Shadow"
387
msgstr "Configuration de Linux-PAM pour fonctionner avec Shadow"
388
 
389
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><note><para>
7304 jlepiller 390
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:217
7156 jlepiller 391
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 392
"The rest of this page is devoted to configuring "
393
"<application>Shadow</application> to work properly with <application>Linux-"
394
"PAM</application>. If you do not have <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
395
"installed, and you reinstalled <application>Shadow</application> to support "
396
"strong passwords via the <application>CrackLib</application> library, no "
397
"further configuration is required."
7156 jlepiller 398
msgstr ""
399
"Le reste de cette page est consacré à la configuration de "
400
"<application>Shadow</application> pour fonctionner correctement avec "
401
"<application>Linux-PAM</application>. Si vous n'avez pas installé "
402
"<application>Linux-PAM</application> et si vous avez réinstallé "
7165 jlepiller 403
"<application>Shadow</application> pour supporter les mots de passe forts via"
404
" la bibliothèque <application>CrackLib</application>, aucune configuration "
7156 jlepiller 405
"supplémentaire n'est nécessaire."
406
 
407
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><title>
7304 jlepiller 408
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:228
7156 jlepiller 409
msgid "Config Files"
410
msgstr "Fichiers de configuration"
411
 
412
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><para>
7304 jlepiller 413
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:231
7156 jlepiller 414
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 415
"<filename>/etc/pam.d/*</filename> or alternatively "
416
"<filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>, <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename> and"
417
" <filename>/etc/security/*</filename>"
7156 jlepiller 418
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 419
"<filename>/etc/pam.d/*</filename> or alternatively "
420
"<filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>, <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename> et "
421
"<filename>/etc/security/*</filename>"
7156 jlepiller 422
 
423
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><indexterm><primary>
7304 jlepiller 424
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:238
7156 jlepiller 425
msgid "/etc/pam.d/*"
426
msgstr "/etc/pam.d/*"
427
 
428
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><indexterm><primary>
7304 jlepiller 429
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:242
7156 jlepiller 430
msgid "/etc/pam.conf"
431
msgstr "/etc/pam.conf"
432
 
433
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><indexterm><primary>
7304 jlepiller 434
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:246
7684 jlepiller 435
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:294
7156 jlepiller 436
msgid "/etc/login.defs"
437
msgstr "/etc/login.defs"
438
 
439
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><indexterm><primary>
7304 jlepiller 440
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:250
7156 jlepiller 441
msgid "/etc/security/*"
442
msgstr "/etc/security/*"
443
 
444
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><title>
7304 jlepiller 445
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:255
7156 jlepiller 446
msgid "Configuration Information"
447
msgstr "Informations de configuration"
448
 
449
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><para>
7304 jlepiller 450
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:258
7156 jlepiller 451
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 452
"Configuring your system to use <application>Linux-PAM</application> can be a"
453
" complex task. The information below will provide a basic setup so that "
7156 jlepiller 454
"<application>Shadow</application>'s login and password functionality will "
455
"work effectively with <application>Linux-PAM</application>. Review the "
456
"information and links on the <xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> page for further "
457
"configuration information. For information specific to integrating "
458
"<application>Shadow</application>, <application>Linux-PAM</application> and "
459
"<application>CrackLib</application>, you can visit the following link:"
460
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 461
"La configuration de votre système pour utiliser <application>Linux-"
462
"PAM</application> peut être une tâche complexe. Les informations ci-dessous "
463
"fourniront un paramétrage de base pour que la fonctionnalité de connexion et"
464
" de mot de passe de <application>Shadow</application> fonctionne bien avec "
465
"<application>Linux-PAM</application>. Regardez les informations et les liens"
466
" sur la page <xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> pour des informations de "
7156 jlepiller 467
"configuration supplémentaires. Pour des informations spécifiques à "
7165 jlepiller 468
"l'intégration de <application>Shadow</application>, <application>Linux-"
469
"PAM</application> et <application>CrackLib</application>, vous pouvez "
470
"visiter les liens suivants&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 471
 
472
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7684 jlepiller 473
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:274
474
msgid "<ulink url=\"http://www.deer-run.com/~hal/linux_passwords_pam.html\"/>"
475
msgstr "<ulink url=\"http://www.deer-run.com/~hal/linux_passwords_pam.html\"/>"
7156 jlepiller 476
 
477
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7684 jlepiller 478
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:280
7156 jlepiller 479
msgid "Configuring /etc/login.defs"
480
msgstr "Configuration de /etc/login.defs"
481
 
482
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7684 jlepiller 483
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:283
7156 jlepiller 484
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 485
"The <command>login</command> program currently performs many functions which"
486
" <application>Linux-PAM</application> modules should now handle.  The "
7156 jlepiller 487
"following <command>sed</command> command will comment out the appropriate "
7165 jlepiller 488
"lines in <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename>, and stop "
489
"<command>login</command> from performing these functions (a backup file "
490
"named <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> is also created to preserve "
491
"the original file's contents). Issue the following commands as the "
492
"<systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
7156 jlepiller 493
msgstr ""
494
"Le programme <command>login</command> effectue actuellement beaucoup de "
495
"fonctions que les modules <application>Linux-PAM</application> devraient "
496
"maintenant gérer. La commande <command>sed</command> suivante va commenter "
497
"les lignes adéquates dans <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename> et empêcher "
7165 jlepiller 498
"<command>login</command> d'effectuer ces fonctions (un fichier de sauvegarde"
499
" appelé <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> est également créé pour "
500
"préserver le contenu du fichier d'origine). Exécutez les commandes suivantes"
501
" en tant qu'utilisateur <systemitem "
502
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 503
 
504
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7684 jlepiller 505
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:297
7156 jlepiller 506
#, no-wrap
507
msgid ""
508
"<userinput>install -v -m644 /etc/login.defs /etc/login.defs.orig &amp;&amp;\n"
509
"for FUNCTION in FAIL_DELAY               \\\n"
510
"                FAILLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
511
"                LASTLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
512
"                MAIL_CHECK_ENAB          \\\n"
513
"                OBSCURE_CHECKS_ENAB      \\\n"
514
"                PORTTIME_CHECKS_ENAB     \\\n"
515
"                QUOTAS_ENAB              \\\n"
516
"                CONSOLE MOTD_FILE        \\\n"
517
"                FTMP_FILE NOLOGINS_FILE  \\\n"
518
"                ENV_HZ PASS_MIN_LEN      \\\n"
519
"                SU_WHEEL_ONLY            \\\n"
520
"                CRACKLIB_DICTPATH        \\\n"
521
"                PASS_CHANGE_TRIES        \\\n"
522
"                PASS_ALWAYS_WARN         \\\n"
523
"                CHFN_AUTH ENCRYPT_METHOD \\\n"
524
"                ENVIRON_FILE\n"
525
"do\n"
526
"    sed -i \"s/^${FUNCTION}/# &amp;/\" /etc/login.defs\n"
527
"done</userinput>"
528
msgstr ""
529
"<userinput>install -v -m644 /etc/login.defs /etc/login.defs.orig &amp;&amp;\n"
530
"for FUNCTION in FAIL_DELAY               \\\n"
531
"                FAILLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
532
"                LASTLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
533
"                MAIL_CHECK_ENAB          \\\n"
534
"                OBSCURE_CHECKS_ENAB      \\\n"
535
"                PORTTIME_CHECKS_ENAB     \\\n"
536
"                QUOTAS_ENAB              \\\n"
537
"                CONSOLE MOTD_FILE        \\\n"
538
"                FTMP_FILE NOLOGINS_FILE  \\\n"
539
"                ENV_HZ PASS_MIN_LEN      \\\n"
540
"                SU_WHEEL_ONLY            \\\n"
541
"                CRACKLIB_DICTPATH        \\\n"
542
"                PASS_CHANGE_TRIES        \\\n"
543
"                PASS_ALWAYS_WARN         \\\n"
544
"                CHFN_AUTH ENCRYPT_METHOD \\\n"
545
"                ENVIRON_FILE\n"
546
"do\n"
547
"    sed -i \"s/^${FUNCTION}/# &amp;/\" /etc/login.defs\n"
548
"done</userinput>"
549
 
550
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7684 jlepiller 551
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:320
7156 jlepiller 552
msgid "Configuring the /etc/pam.d/ Files"
553
msgstr "Configuration des fichiers /etc/pam.d/"
554
 
555
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7684 jlepiller 556
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:323
7156 jlepiller 557
msgid ""
558
"As mentioned previously in the <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
7165 jlepiller 559
"instructions, <application>Linux-PAM</application> has two supported methods"
560
" for configuration. The commands below assume that you've chosen to use a "
7156 jlepiller 561
"directory based configuration, where each program has its own configuration "
562
"file.  You can optionally use a single <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename> "
7165 jlepiller 563
"configuration file by using the text from the files below, and supplying the"
564
" program name as an additional first field for each line."
7156 jlepiller 565
msgstr ""
566
"Comme indiqué précédemment dans les instructions pour <application>Linux-"
567
"PAM</application>, <application>Linux-PAM</application> supporte deux "
568
"méthodes de configuration. Les commandes ci-dessous supposent que vous avez "
569
"choisi d'utiliser une configuration basée sur le répertoire, où chaque "
570
"programme a son propre fichier de configuration. Vous pouvez éventuellement "
7165 jlepiller 571
"utiliser un seul fichier de configuration <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>"
572
" en utilisant le texte de configuration des fichiers ci-dessous, en "
7156 jlepiller 573
"fournissant le nom du programme comme premier champ à chaque ligne."
574
 
575
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7684 jlepiller 576
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:334
7156 jlepiller 577
msgid ""
578
"As the <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user, replace the "
579
"following <application>Linux-PAM</application> configuration files in the "
580
"<filename class=\"directory\">/etc/pam.d/</filename> directory (or add the "
581
"contents to the <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename> file)  using the "
582
"following commands:"
583
msgstr ""
584
"En tant qu'utilisateur <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>, "
7165 jlepiller 585
"remplacez les fichiers de configuration <application>Linux-PAM</application>"
586
" suivants dans le répertoire <filename "
587
"class=\"directory\">/etc/pam.d/</filename> (ou ajoutez le contenu du fichier"
588
" <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>) en utilisant les commandes "
589
"suivantes&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 590
 
591
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7684 jlepiller 592
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:343
7156 jlepiller 593
msgid "'login'"
594
msgstr "'login'"
595
 
596
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7684 jlepiller 597
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:345
7156 jlepiller 598
#, no-wrap
599
msgid ""
600
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/login &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
601
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/login\n"
602
"\n"
603
"# Set failure delay before next prompt to 3 seconds\n"
604
"auth      optional    pam_faildelay.so  delay=3000000\n"
605
"\n"
606
"# Check to make sure that the user is allowed to login\n"
607
"auth      requisite   pam_nologin.so\n"
608
"\n"
609
"# Check to make sure that root is allowed to login\n"
610
"# Disabled by default. You will need to create /etc/securetty\n"
611
"# file for this module to function. See man 5 securetty.\n"
612
"#auth      required    pam_securetty.so\n"
613
"\n"
614
"# Additional group memberships - disabled by default\n"
615
"#auth      optional    pam_group.so\n"
616
"\n"
7684 jlepiller 617
"# include system auth settings\n"
7156 jlepiller 618
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
619
"\n"
620
"# check access for the user\n"
621
"account   required    pam_access.so\n"
622
"\n"
7684 jlepiller 623
"# include system account settings\n"
7156 jlepiller 624
"account   include     system-account\n"
625
"\n"
626
"# Set default environment variables for the user\n"
627
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
628
"\n"
629
"# Set resource limits for the user\n"
630
"session   required    pam_limits.so\n"
631
"\n"
632
"# Display date of last login - Disabled by default\n"
633
"#session   optional    pam_lastlog.so\n"
634
"\n"
635
"# Display the message of the day - Disabled by default\n"
636
"#session   optional    pam_motd.so\n"
637
"\n"
638
"# Check user's mail - Disabled by default\n"
639
"#session   optional    pam_mail.so      standard quiet\n"
640
"\n"
7684 jlepiller 641
"# include system session and password settings\n"
7156 jlepiller 642
"session   include     system-session\n"
643
"password  include     system-password\n"
644
"\n"
645
"# End /etc/pam.d/login</literal>\n"
646
"EOF</userinput>"
647
msgstr ""
648
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/login &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
649
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/login\n"
650
"\n"
651
"# Set failure delay before next prompt to 3 seconds\n"
652
"auth      optional    pam_faildelay.so  delay=3000000\n"
653
"\n"
654
"# Check to make sure that the user is allowed to login\n"
655
"auth      requisite   pam_nologin.so\n"
656
"\n"
657
"# Check to make sure that root is allowed to login\n"
658
"# Disabled by default. You will need to create /etc/securetty\n"
659
"# file for this module to function. See man 5 securetty.\n"
660
"#auth      required    pam_securetty.so\n"
661
"\n"
662
"# Additional group memberships - disabled by default\n"
663
"#auth      optional    pam_group.so\n"
664
"\n"
7684 jlepiller 665
"# include system auth settings\n"
7156 jlepiller 666
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
667
"\n"
668
"# check access for the user\n"
669
"account   required    pam_access.so\n"
670
"\n"
7684 jlepiller 671
"# include system account settings\n"
7156 jlepiller 672
"account   include     system-account\n"
673
"\n"
674
"# Set default environment variables for the user\n"
675
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
676
"\n"
677
"# Set resource limits for the user\n"
678
"session   required    pam_limits.so\n"
679
"\n"
680
"# Display date of last login - Disabled by default\n"
681
"#session   optional    pam_lastlog.so\n"
682
"\n"
683
"# Display the message of the day - Disabled by default\n"
684
"#session   optional    pam_motd.so\n"
685
"\n"
686
"# Check user's mail - Disabled by default\n"
687
"#session   optional    pam_mail.so      standard quiet\n"
688
"\n"
7684 jlepiller 689
"# include system session and password settings\n"
7156 jlepiller 690
"session   include     system-session\n"
691
"password  include     system-password\n"
692
"\n"
693
"# End /etc/pam.d/login</literal>\n"
694
"EOF</userinput>"
695
 
696
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7684 jlepiller 697
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:395
7156 jlepiller 698
msgid "'passwd'"
699
msgstr "'passwd'"
700
 
701
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7684 jlepiller 702
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:397
7156 jlepiller 703
#, no-wrap
704
msgid ""
705
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/passwd &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
706
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/passwd\n"
707
"\n"
708
"password  include     system-password\n"
709
"\n"
710
"# End /etc/pam.d/passwd</literal>\n"
711
"EOF</userinput>"
712
msgstr ""
713
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/passwd &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
714
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/passwd\n"
715
"\n"
716
"password  include     system-password\n"
717
"\n"
718
"# End /etc/pam.d/passwd</literal>\n"
719
"EOF</userinput>"
720
 
721
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7684 jlepiller 722
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:407
7156 jlepiller 723
msgid "'su'"
724
msgstr "'su'"
725
 
726
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7684 jlepiller 727
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:409
7156 jlepiller 728
#, no-wrap
729
msgid ""
730
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/su &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
731
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/su\n"
732
"\n"
733
"# always allow root\n"
734
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
7684 jlepiller 735
"\n"
736
"# Allow users in the wheel group to execute su without a password\n"
737
"# disabled by default\n"
738
"#auth      sufficient  pam_wheel.so trust use_uid\n"
739
"\n"
740
"# include system auth settings\n"
7156 jlepiller 741
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
742
"\n"
7684 jlepiller 743
"# limit su to users in the wheel group\n"
744
"auth      required    pam_wheel.so use_uid\n"
745
"\n"
746
"# include system account settings\n"
7156 jlepiller 747
"account   include     system-account\n"
748
"\n"
749
"# Set default environment variables for the service user\n"
750
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
751
"\n"
7684 jlepiller 752
"# include system session settings\n"
7156 jlepiller 753
"session   include     system-session\n"
754
"\n"
755
"# End /etc/pam.d/su</literal>\n"
756
"EOF</userinput>"
757
msgstr ""
758
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/su &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
759
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/su\n"
760
"\n"
761
"# always allow root\n"
762
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
7684 jlepiller 763
"\n"
764
"# Allow users in the wheel group to execute su without a password\n"
765
"# disabled by default\n"
766
"#auth      sufficient  pam_wheel.so trust use_uid\n"
767
"\n"
768
"# include system auth settings\n"
7156 jlepiller 769
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
770
"\n"
7684 jlepiller 771
"# limit su to users in the wheel group\n"
772
"auth      required    pam_wheel.so use_uid\n"
773
"\n"
774
"# include system account settings\n"
7156 jlepiller 775
"account   include     system-account\n"
776
"\n"
777
"# Set default environment variables for the service user\n"
778
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
779
"\n"
7684 jlepiller 780
"# include system session settings\n"
7156 jlepiller 781
"session   include     system-session\n"
782
"\n"
783
"# End /etc/pam.d/su</literal>\n"
784
"EOF</userinput>"
785
 
786
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7684 jlepiller 787
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:439
7156 jlepiller 788
msgid "'chage'"
789
msgstr "'chage'"
790
 
791
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7684 jlepiller 792
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:441
7165 jlepiller 793
#, no-wrap
7156 jlepiller 794
msgid ""
795
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/chage &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
7164 jlepiller 796
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/chage\n"
7156 jlepiller 797
"\n"
798
"# always allow root\n"
799
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
800
"\n"
7684 jlepiller 801
"# include system auth, account, and session settings\n"
7156 jlepiller 802
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
803
"account   include     system-account\n"
804
"session   include     system-session\n"
805
"\n"
806
"# Always permit for authentication updates\n"
807
"password  required    pam_permit.so\n"
808
"\n"
809
"# End /etc/pam.d/chage</literal>\n"
810
"EOF</userinput>"
811
msgstr ""
812
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/chage &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
7165 jlepiller 813
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/chage\n"
7156 jlepiller 814
"\n"
815
"# always allow root\n"
816
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
817
"\n"
7684 jlepiller 818
"# include system auth, account, and session settings\n"
7156 jlepiller 819
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
820
"account   include     system-account\n"
821
"session   include     system-session\n"
822
"\n"
823
"# Always permit for authentication updates\n"
824
"password  required    pam_permit.so\n"
825
"\n"
826
"# End /etc/pam.d/chage</literal>\n"
827
"EOF</userinput>"
828
 
829
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7684 jlepiller 830
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:460
7156 jlepiller 831
msgid "Other common programs"
832
msgstr "Autres programmes utiles"
833
 
834
#. <title>
835
#. 'chfn', 'chgpasswd', 'chgpasswd', 'chsh', 'groupadd', 'groupdel',
836
#.         'groupmems', 'groupmod', 'newusers', 'useradd', 'userdel' and
837
#.         'usermod'</title>
838
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7684 jlepiller 839
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:465
7156 jlepiller 840
#, no-wrap
841
msgid ""
842
"<userinput>for PROGRAM in chfn chgpasswd chpasswd chsh groupadd groupdel \\\n"
843
"               groupmems groupmod newusers useradd userdel usermod\n"
844
"do\n"
845
"    install -v -m644 /etc/pam.d/chage /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
846
"    sed -i \"s/chage/$PROGRAM/\" /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
847
"done</userinput>"
848
msgstr ""
849
"<userinput>for PROGRAM in chfn chgpasswd chpasswd chsh groupadd groupdel \\\n"
850
"               groupmems groupmod newusers useradd userdel usermod\n"
851
"do\n"
852
"    install -v -m644 /etc/pam.d/chage /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
853
"    sed -i \"s/chage/$PROGRAM/\" /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
854
"done</userinput>"
855
 
7164 jlepiller 856
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7684 jlepiller 857
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:472
7164 jlepiller 858
msgid ""
859
"Because the installation of <application>systemd</application> is not yet "
7165 jlepiller 860
"complete, you will need to remove the <filename>/run/nologin</filename> file"
861
" before testing the installation. Execute the following command as the "
7164 jlepiller 862
"<systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
863
msgstr ""
7175 jlepiller 864
"Comme l'installation de <application>systemd</application> n'est pas encore "
7190 jlepiller 865
"complète, vous devrez supprimer le fichier <filename>/run/nologin</filename>"
866
" avant de tester l'installation. Exécutez la commande suivante en tant "
7175 jlepiller 867
"qu'utilisateur <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7164 jlepiller 868
 
869
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7684 jlepiller 870
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:478
7165 jlepiller 871
#, no-wrap
7164 jlepiller 872
msgid "<userinput>rm -f /run/nologin</userinput>"
7165 jlepiller 873
msgstr "<userinput>rm -f /run/nologin</userinput>"
7164 jlepiller 874
 
7156 jlepiller 875
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><warning><para>
7684 jlepiller 876
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:482
7156 jlepiller 877
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 878
"At this point, you should do a simple test to see if "
879
"<application>Shadow</application> is working as expected. Open another "
880
"terminal and log in as a user, then <command>su</command> to <systemitem "
881
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem>. If you do not see any errors, then all"
882
" is well and you should proceed with the rest of the configuration. If you "
883
"did receive errors, stop now and double check the above configuration files "
884
"manually. You can also run the test suite from the <application>Linux-"
885
"PAM</application> package to assist you in determining the problem. If you "
886
"cannot find and fix the error, you should recompile "
887
"<application>Shadow</application> adding the <option>--without-"
888
"libpam</option> switch to the <command>configure</command> command in the "
889
"above instructions (also move the <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> "
890
"backup file to <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename>). If you fail to do this"
891
" and the errors remain, you will be unable to log into your system."
7156 jlepiller 892
msgstr ""
893
"À cette étape, vous devriez faire un simple test pour voir si "
894
"<application>Shadow</application> fonctionne comme prévu. Ouvrez un autre "
7165 jlepiller 895
"terminal et connectez-vous en tant qu'utilisateur, puis "
896
"<command>su</command> en <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>. "
897
"Si vous ne voyez pas d'erreurs, tout va bien et vous devriez poursuivre le "
898
"reste de la configuration. Si vous avez reçu des erreurs, arrêtez-vous "
899
"maintenant et vérifiez à deux reprises les fichiers de configuration ci-"
900
"dessus à la main. Vous pouvez aussi lancer la suite de tests à partir du "
901
"paquet <application>Linux-PAM</application> pour vous aider à déterminer le "
7156 jlepiller 902
"problème. Si vous n'arrivez pas à trouver et à corriger l'erreur, vous "
903
"devriez recompiler <application>Shadow</application> en ajoutant le "
904
"paramètre <option>--without-libpam</option> à la commande "
7165 jlepiller 905
"<command>configure</command> dans les instructions ci-dessus (déplacez aussi"
906
" le fichier de sauvegarde <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> dans "
907
"<filename>/etc/login.defs</filename>). Si vous n'arrivez pas à faire cela et"
908
" si les erreurs demeurent, vous ne pourrez pas vous connecter à votre "
909
"système."
7156 jlepiller 910
 
911
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7684 jlepiller 912
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:502
7156 jlepiller 913
msgid "Configuring Login Access"
914
msgstr "Configuration de l'accès Login"
915
 
916
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7684 jlepiller 917
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:505
7156 jlepiller 918
msgid ""
919
"Instead of using the <filename>/etc/login.access</filename> file for "
920
"controlling access to the system, <application>Linux-PAM</application> uses "
7165 jlepiller 921
"the <filename class='libraryfile'>pam_access.so</filename> module along with"
922
" the <filename>/etc/security/access.conf</filename> file.  Rename the "
7156 jlepiller 923
"<filename>/etc/login.access</filename> file using the following command:"
924
msgstr ""
925
"Au lieu d'utiliser le fichier <filename>/etc/login.access</filename> pour "
926
"contrôler l'accès au système, <application>Linux-PAM</application> utilise "
927
"le module <filename class='libraryfile'>pam_access.so</filename> ainsi que "
928
"le fichier <filename>/etc/security/access.conf</filename>. Renommez le "
929
"fichier <filename>/etc/login.access</filename> en utilisant la commande "
930
"suivante&nbsp;:"
931
 
932
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><indexterm><primary>
7684 jlepiller 933
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:514
7156 jlepiller 934
msgid "/etc/security/access.conf"
935
msgstr "/etc/security/access.conf"
936
 
937
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7684 jlepiller 938
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:517
7156 jlepiller 939
#, no-wrap
7165 jlepiller 940
msgid ""
941
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/login.access ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
942
"/etc/login.access{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
943
msgstr ""
944
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/login.access ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
945
"/etc/login.access{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
7156 jlepiller 946
 
947
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7684 jlepiller 948
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:521
7156 jlepiller 949
msgid "Configuring Resource Limits"
950
msgstr "Configuration des limitations de ressources"
951
 
952
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7684 jlepiller 953
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:524
7156 jlepiller 954
msgid ""
955
"Instead of using the <filename>/etc/limits</filename> file for limiting "
956
"usage of system resources, <application>Linux-PAM</application> uses the "
7165 jlepiller 957
"<filename class='libraryfile'>pam_limits.so</filename> module along with the"
958
" <filename>/etc/security/limits.conf</filename> file. Rename the "
959
"<filename>/etc/limits</filename> file using the following command:"
7156 jlepiller 960
msgstr ""
961
"Au lieu d'utiliser le fichier <filename>/etc/limits</filename> pour limiter "
962
"l'utilisation des ressources système, <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
963
"utilise le module <filename class='libraryfile'>pam_limits.so</filename> "
964
"ainsi que le fichier <filename>/etc/security/limits.conf</filename>. "
965
"Renommez le fichier <filename>/etc/limits</filename> en utilisant la "
966
"commande suivante&nbsp;:"
967
 
968
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><indexterm><primary>
7684 jlepiller 969
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:533
7156 jlepiller 970
msgid "/etc/security/limits.conf"
971
msgstr "/etc/security/limits.conf"
972
 
973
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7684 jlepiller 974
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:536
7156 jlepiller 975
#, no-wrap
7165 jlepiller 976
msgid ""
977
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/limits ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
978
"/etc/limits{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
979
msgstr ""
980
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/limits ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
981
"/etc/limits{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
7156 jlepiller 982
 
983
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><caution><para>
7684 jlepiller 984
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:538
7156 jlepiller 985
msgid ""
986
"Be sure to test the login capabilities of the system before logging out.  "
7164 jlepiller 987
"Errors in the configuration can cause a permanent lockout requiring a boot "
7156 jlepiller 988
"from an external source to correct the problem."
989
msgstr ""
7175 jlepiller 990
"Soyez certain de tester le login sur le système avant de le quitter. Des "
991
"erreurs dans la configuration peuvent causer un blocage permanent demandant "
992
"un démarrage depuis une source externe pour corriger le problème."
7156 jlepiller 993
 
994
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7684 jlepiller 995
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:549
7156 jlepiller 996
msgid "Contents"
997
msgstr "Contenu"
998
 
999
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7684 jlepiller 1000
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:552
7156 jlepiller 1001
msgid ""
1002
"A list of the installed files, along with their short descriptions can be "
7165 jlepiller 1003
"found at <phrase revision=\"sysv\"> <ulink url=\"&lfs-"
1004
"root;/chapter06/shadow.html#contents-shadow\"/></phrase> <phrase "
7334 jlepiller 1005
"revision=\"systemd\"> <ulink url=\"&lfs-"
1006
"rootd;/chapter06/shadow.html#contents-shadow\"/></phrase>."
7156 jlepiller 1007
msgstr ""
1008
"Vous pouvez trouver une liste des fichiers installés ainsi que leurs "
7175 jlepiller 1009
"descriptions courtes sur <phrase revision=\"sysv\"><ulink url=\"&lfs-"
7190 jlepiller 1010
"root;/chapter06/shadow.html#contents-shadow\"/></phrase><phrase "
7334 jlepiller 1011
"revision=\"systemd\"><ulink url=\"&lfs-"
1012
"rootd;/chapter06/shadow.html#contents-shadow\"/></phrase>."
7228 jlepiller 1013
 
7453 jlepiller 1014
#~ msgid "c350da50c2120de6bb29177699d89fe3"
1015
#~ msgstr "c350da50c2120de6bb29177699d89fe3"
1016
 
1017
#~ msgid "31 MB"
1018
#~ msgstr "31 Mo"
1019
 
7280 jlepiller 1020
#~ msgid "c06f8c2571b44899e60662f9ad259dd6"
1021
#~ msgstr "c06f8c2571b44899e60662f9ad259dd6"
1022
 
1023
#~ msgid ""
1024
#~ "<command>sed -i -e '/snprintf/s@_msg,@_msg, 256,@' src/su.c</command>: Fix a"
1025
#~ " build error that only occurs if <xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> is detected "
1026
#~ "by <command>configure</command>."
1027
#~ msgstr ""
1028
#~ "<command>sed -i -e '/snprintf/s@_msg,@_msg, 256,@' src/su.c</command>&nbsp;:"
7334 jlepiller 1029
#~ " Corrige une erreur de construction qui n'arrive que si <xref "
1030
#~ "linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> est détecté par <command>configure</command>."
7280 jlepiller 1031
 
1032
#~ msgid ""
1033
#~ "<command>sed -i '47 d' -e '60,65 d' libmisc/myname.c</command>: Apply a "
1034
#~ "security fix from upstream."
1035
#~ msgstr ""
1036
#~ "<command>sed -i '47 d' -e '60,65 d' libmisc/myname.c</command>&nbsp;: "
1037
#~ "Applique un correctif de sécurité amont."
1038
 
1039
#~ msgid ""
1040
#~ "<command>echo '--- ...</command>: This command illustrates another way to "
1041
#~ "apply patches. Without the patch, <command>useradd</command> does not use "
1042
#~ "the defaults in <filename>/etc/default/useradd</filename>."
1043
#~ msgstr ""
1044
#~ "<command>echo '--- ...</command>&nbsp;: Cette commande illustre une autre "
1045
#~ "façon d'appliquer des correctifs. Sans le correctif, "
1046
#~ "<command>useradd</command> n'utilise pas les valeurs par défaut dans "
1047
#~ "<filename>/etc/default/useradd</filename>."
1048
 
7228 jlepiller 1049
#~ msgid "2bfafe7d4962682d31b5eba65dba4fc8"
1050
#~ msgstr "2bfafe7d4962682d31b5eba65dba4fc8"
1051
 
1052
#~ msgid "1.5 MB"
7233 jlepiller 1053
#~ msgstr "1.5 Mo"