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7156 jlepiller 1
# SOME DESCRIPTIVE TITLE
2
# Copyright (C) YEAR Free Software Foundation, Inc.
3
# This file is distributed under the same license as the PACKAGE package.
4
# FIRST AUTHOR <EMAIL@ADDRESS>, YEAR.
7313 jlepiller 5
#
7156 jlepiller 6
msgid ""
7
msgstr ""
8
"Project-Id-Version: PACKAGE VERSION\n"
9
"POT-Creation-Date: 2016-08-09 15:54+0200\n"
7334 jlepiller 10
"PO-Revision-Date: 2017-11-29 11:19+0000\n"
11
"Last-Translator: roptat <roptat@lepiller.eu>\n"
7156 jlepiller 12
"Language-Team: LANGUAGE <LL@li.org>\n"
7313 jlepiller 13
"Language: fr\n"
7156 jlepiller 14
"MIME-Version: 1.0\n"
15
"Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8\n"
16
"Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit\n"
17
"Plural-Forms: nplurals=2; plural=(n > 1);\n"
7228 jlepiller 18
"X-Generator: Pootle 2.8\n"
7334 jlepiller 19
"X-POOTLE-MTIME: 1511954383.355221\n"
7156 jlepiller 20
 
21
#. type: Content of the shadow-download-http entity
22
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:7
23
msgid ""
7228 jlepiller 24
"https://github.com/shadow-maint/shadow/releases/download/&shadow-"
25
"version;/shadow-&shadow-version;.tar.xz"
7156 jlepiller 26
msgstr ""
7228 jlepiller 27
"https://github.com/shadow-maint/shadow/releases/download/&shadow-"
28
"version;/shadow-&shadow-version;.tar.xz"
7156 jlepiller 29
 
30
#. type: Content of the shadow-md5sum entity
31
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:9
7453 jlepiller 32
msgid "b491fecbf1232632c32ff8f1437fd60e"
33
msgstr "b491fecbf1232632c32ff8f1437fd60e"
7156 jlepiller 34
 
35
#. type: Content of the shadow-size entity
36
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:10
7228 jlepiller 37
msgid "1.6 MB"
38
msgstr "1.6 Mo"
7156 jlepiller 39
 
40
#. type: Content of the shadow-buildsize entity
41
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:11
7453 jlepiller 42
#| msgid "53 MB"
43
msgid "33 MB"
44
msgstr "33 Mo"
7156 jlepiller 45
 
46
#. type: Content of the shadow-time entity
47
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:12
48
msgid "0.2 SBU"
49
msgstr "0.2 SBU"
50
 
51
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect1info>
52
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:19
7453 jlepiller 53
#| msgid ""
54
#| "<othername>$LastChangedBy: ken $</othername> <date>$Date: 2018-02-17 "
55
#| "23:35:13 +0000 (Sat, 17 Feb 2018) $</date>"
7156 jlepiller 56
msgid ""
7453 jlepiller 57
"<othername>$LastChangedBy: bdubbs $</othername> <date>$Date: 2018-05-12 "
58
"02:26:01 +0000 (Sat, 12 May 2018) $</date>"
7156 jlepiller 59
msgstr ""
7453 jlepiller 60
"<othername>$LastChangedBy: bdubbs $</othername> <date>$Date: 2018-05-12 "
61
"02:26:01 +0000 (Sat, 12 May 2018) $</date>"
7156 jlepiller 62
 
63
#. type: Content of: <sect1><title>
64
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:23
65
msgid "Shadow-&shadow-version;"
66
msgstr "Shadow-&shadow-version;"
67
 
68
#. type: Content of: <sect1><indexterm><primary>
69
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:26
70
msgid "Shadow"
71
msgstr "Shadow"
72
 
73
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
74
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:30
75
msgid "Introduction to Shadow"
76
msgstr "Introduction à Shadow"
77
 
78
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
79
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:33
80
msgid ""
81
"<application>Shadow</application> was indeed installed in LFS and there is "
7165 jlepiller 82
"no reason to reinstall it unless you installed "
83
"<application>CrackLib</application> or <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
84
"after your LFS system was completed.  If you have installed "
85
"<application>CrackLib</application> after LFS, then reinstalling "
86
"<application>Shadow</application> will enable strong password support. If "
87
"you have installed <application>Linux-PAM</application>, reinstalling "
88
"<application>Shadow</application> will allow programs such as "
89
"<command>login</command> and <command>su</command> to utilize PAM."
7156 jlepiller 90
msgstr ""
91
"<application>Shadow</application> a effectivement été installé dans LFS et "
92
"il n'y a aucune raison pour le réinstaller, sauf si vous avez installé "
93
"<application>CrackLib</application> ou <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
94
"après que votre système LFS ai été terminé. Si vous avez installé "
95
"<application>CrackLib</application> après LFS, la réinstallation de "
96
"<application>Shadow</application> activera le support des mots de passe "
97
"renforcés. Si vous avez installé <application>Linux-PAM</application>, la "
98
"réinstallation de <application>Shadow</application> permettra à des "
99
"programmes tels que <command>login</command> et <command>su</command> "
100
"d'utiliser PAM."
101
 
102
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><bridgehead>
7304 jlepiller 103
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:46
7156 jlepiller 104
msgid "Package Information"
105
msgstr "Informations sur le paquet"
106
 
107
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7304 jlepiller 108
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:50
7156 jlepiller 109
msgid "Download (HTTP): <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-http;\"/>"
110
msgstr "Téléchargement (HTTP)&nbsp;: <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-http;\"/>"
111
 
112
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7304 jlepiller 113
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:55
7156 jlepiller 114
msgid "Download (FTP): <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-ftp;\"/>"
115
msgstr "Téléchargement (FTP)&nbsp;: <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-ftp;\"/>"
116
 
117
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7304 jlepiller 118
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:60
7156 jlepiller 119
msgid "Download MD5 sum: &shadow-md5sum;"
120
msgstr "Somme de contrôle MD5 du téléchargement&nbsp;: &shadow-md5sum;"
121
 
122
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7304 jlepiller 123
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:65
7156 jlepiller 124
msgid "Download size: &shadow-size;"
125
msgstr "Taille du téléchargement&nbsp;: &shadow-size;"
126
 
127
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7304 jlepiller 128
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:70
7156 jlepiller 129
msgid "Estimated disk space required: &shadow-buildsize;"
130
msgstr "Estimation de l'espace disque requis&nbsp;: &shadow-buildsize;"
131
 
132
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7304 jlepiller 133
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:75
7156 jlepiller 134
msgid "Estimated build time: &shadow-time;"
135
msgstr "Estimation du temps de construction&nbsp;: &shadow-time;"
136
 
137
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><bridgehead>
7304 jlepiller 138
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:80
7156 jlepiller 139
msgid "Shadow Dependencies"
140
msgstr "Dépendances de Shadow"
141
 
142
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><bridgehead>
7304 jlepiller 143
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:82
7156 jlepiller 144
msgid "Required"
145
msgstr "Requises"
146
 
147
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 148
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:84
7156 jlepiller 149
msgid "<xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> or <xref linkend=\"cracklib\"/>"
150
msgstr "<xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> ou <xref linkend=\"cracklib\"/>"
151
 
152
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 153
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:89
7156 jlepiller 154
msgid "User Notes: <ulink url=\"&blfs-wiki;/shadow\"/>"
155
msgstr "Notes utilisateur&nbsp;: <ulink url=\"&blfs-wiki;/shadow\"/>"
156
 
157
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7304 jlepiller 158
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:94
7156 jlepiller 159
msgid "Installation of Shadow"
160
msgstr "Installation de Shadow"
161
 
162
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><important><para>
7304 jlepiller 163
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:98
7156 jlepiller 164
msgid ""
165
"The installation commands shown below are for installations where "
166
"<application>Linux-PAM</application> has been installed (with or without a "
7165 jlepiller 167
"<application>CrackLib</application> installation) and "
168
"<application>Shadow</application> is being reinstalled to support the "
169
"<application>Linux-PAM</application> installation."
7156 jlepiller 170
msgstr ""
171
"Les commandes d'installation indiquées ci-dessous valent pour les "
7165 jlepiller 172
"installations où on a installé <application>Linux-PAM</application> (avec ou"
173
" sans installation de <application>CrackLib</application>) et "
7156 jlepiller 174
"<application>Shadow</application> devra être réinstallé pour supporter "
175
"l'installation de <application>Linux-PAM</application>."
176
 
177
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><important><para>
7304 jlepiller 178
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:106
7156 jlepiller 179
msgid ""
180
"If you are reinstalling <application>Shadow</application> to provide strong "
181
"password support using the <application>CrackLib</application> library "
182
"without using <application>Linux-PAM</application>, ensure you add the "
7165 jlepiller 183
"<parameter>--with-libcrack</parameter> parameter to the "
184
"<command>configure</command> script below and also issue the following "
185
"command:"
7156 jlepiller 186
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 187
"Si vous réinstallez <application>Shadow</application> pour offrir le support"
188
" des mots de passe forts en utilisant la bibliothèque "
189
"<application>CrackLib</application> sans utiliser <application>Linux-"
190
"PAM</application>, assurez-vous d'ajouter le paramètre <parameter>--with-"
191
"libcrack</parameter> au script <command>configure</command> ci-dessous et "
192
"lancez aussi la commande suivante&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 193
 
194
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><important><screen>
7304 jlepiller 195
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:114
7156 jlepiller 196
#, no-wrap
7165 jlepiller 197
msgid ""
198
"<userinput>sed -i 's@DICTPATH.*@DICTPATH\\t/lib/cracklib/pw_dict@' "
199
"etc/login.defs</userinput>"
200
msgstr ""
201
"<userinput>sed -i 's@DICTPATH.*@DICTPATH\\t/lib/cracklib/pw_dict@' "
202
"etc/login.defs</userinput>"
7156 jlepiller 203
 
204
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 205
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:118
7156 jlepiller 206
msgid ""
207
"Reinstall <application>Shadow</application> by running the following "
208
"commands:"
209
msgstr ""
210
"Réinstallez <application>Shadow</application> en lançant les commandes "
211
"suivantes&nbsp;:"
212
 
213
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><screen>
7304 jlepiller 214
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:122
7156 jlepiller 215
#, no-wrap
216
msgid ""
217
"<userinput>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in &amp;&amp;\n"
7228 jlepiller 218
"\n"
219
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/groups\\.1 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 220
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/getspnam\\.3 / /' {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
221
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/passwd\\.5 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
222
"\n"
223
"sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' \\\n"
224
"       -e 's@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs &amp;&amp;\n"
225
"\n"
7228 jlepiller 226
"sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd                           &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 227
"\n"
228
"./configure --sysconfdir=/etc --with-group-name-max-length=32 &amp;&amp;\n"
229
"make</userinput>"
230
msgstr ""
231
"<userinput>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in &amp;&amp;\n"
7228 jlepiller 232
"\n"
233
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/groups\\.1 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 234
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/getspnam\\.3 / /' {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
235
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/passwd\\.5 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
236
"\n"
237
"sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' \\\n"
238
"       -e 's@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs &amp;&amp;\n"
239
"\n"
7228 jlepiller 240
"sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd                           &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 241
"\n"
242
"./configure --sysconfdir=/etc --with-group-name-max-length=32 &amp;&amp;\n"
243
"make</userinput>"
244
 
245
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 246
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:137
7156 jlepiller 247
msgid "This package does not come with a test suite."
248
msgstr "Ce paquet n'est pas fourni avec une suite de tests."
249
 
250
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 251
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:141
7156 jlepiller 252
msgid "Now, as the <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
253
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 254
"Maintenant, en tant qu'utilisateur <systemitem "
255
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 256
 
257
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><screen>
7304 jlepiller 258
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:144
7156 jlepiller 259
#, no-wrap
260
msgid ""
261
"<userinput>make install &amp;&amp;\n"
262
"mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</userinput>"
263
msgstr ""
264
"<userinput>make install &amp;&amp;\n"
265
"mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</userinput>"
266
 
267
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7304 jlepiller 268
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:149
7156 jlepiller 269
msgid "Command Explanations"
270
msgstr "Explication des commandes"
271
 
272
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 273
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:152
7156 jlepiller 274
msgid ""
275
"<command>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in</command>: This sed "
276
"is used to suppress the installation of the <command>groups</command> "
7165 jlepiller 277
"program as the version from the <application>Coreutils</application> package"
278
" installed during LFS is preferred."
7156 jlepiller 279
msgstr ""
280
"<command>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in</command>&nbsp;: "
281
"Cette commande est utilisée pour supprimer l'installation du programme "
282
"<command>groups</command> vu qu'on préfère la version issue du paquet "
283
"<application>Coreutils</application> installé avec LFS."
284
 
285
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 286
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:159
7156 jlepiller 287
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 288
"<command>find man -name Makefile.in -exec ... {} \\;</command>: This command"
289
" is used to suppress the installation of the <command>groups</command> man "
290
"pages so the existing ones installed from the "
291
"<application>Coreutils</application> package are not replaced."
7156 jlepiller 292
msgstr ""
7184 jlepiller 293
"<command>find man -name Makefile.in -exec ... {} \\;</command>&nbsp;: Cette "
7156 jlepiller 294
"commande est utilisée pour supprimer l'installation des pages de manuel "
7216 jlepiller 295
"<command>groups</command> pour que celles existantes et issues du paquet "
7156 jlepiller 296
"<application>Coreutils</application> ne soient pas remplacées."
297
 
298
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 299
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:166
7156 jlepiller 300
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 301
"<command>sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' -e "
302
"'s@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs</command>: Instead of using "
303
"the default 'DES' method, this command modifies the installation to use the "
304
"more secure 'SHA512' method of hashing passwords, which also allows "
305
"passwords longer than eight characters. It also changes the obsolete "
306
"<filename class=\"directory\">/var/spool/mail</filename> location for user "
307
"mailboxes that <application>Shadow</application> uses by default to the "
308
"<filename class=\"directory\">/var/mail</filename> location."
7156 jlepiller 309
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 310
"<command>sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' -e "
311
"'s@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs</command>&nbsp;: Au lieu "
312
"d'utiliser la méthode 'DES' par défaut, cette commande modifie "
7216 jlepiller 313
"l'installation pour utiliser la méthode plus sécurisée de hashage des mots "
314
"de passe 'SHA512', qui autorise aussi les mots de passe d'une longueur "
315
"supérieure à huit caractères. Elle modifie aussi l'emplacement <filename "
316
"class=\"directory\">/var/spool/mail</filename> obsolète pour les boîtes aux "
317
"lettres utilisateur qu'utilise <application>Shadow</application> par défaut "
318
"en <filename class=\"directory\">/var/mail</filename>."
7156 jlepiller 319
 
320
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 321
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:177
7156 jlepiller 322
msgid ""
323
"<command>sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd</command>: Make a minor change to "
324
"make the default useradd consistent with the LFS groups file."
325
msgstr ""
326
"<command>sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd</command>&nbsp;: Fait une "
7216 jlepiller 327
"modification mineure pour faire que l'ajout de l'utilisateur par défaut soit"
328
" cohérent avec le fichier groups de LFS."
7156 jlepiller 329
 
330
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 331
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:182
7156 jlepiller 332
msgid ""
7190 jlepiller 333
"<parameter>--with-group-name-max-length=32</parameter>: The maximum user "
334
"name is 32 characters. Make the maximum group name the same."
7156 jlepiller 335
msgstr ""
7196 jlepiller 336
"<parameter>--with-group-name-max-length=32</parameter>&nbsp;: Le nom "
7197 jlepiller 337
"d'utilisateur utilise au maximum 32 caractères. Faites la même chose pour le"
338
" nom du groupe."
7156 jlepiller 339
 
340
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 341
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:187
7156 jlepiller 342
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 343
"<command>mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</command>: The <command>passwd</command>"
344
" program may be needed during times when the <filename "
345
"class='directory'>/usr</filename> filesystem is not mounted so it is moved "
346
"into the root partition."
7156 jlepiller 347
msgstr ""
348
"<command>mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</command>&nbsp;: Le programme "
349
"<command>passwd</command> peut être nécessaire aux moments où le système de "
350
"fichiers <filename class='directory'>/usr</filename> n'est pas monté pour "
7334 jlepiller 351
"qu'il soit déplacé dans la partition racine."
7156 jlepiller 352
 
353
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7304 jlepiller 354
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:195
7156 jlepiller 355
msgid "Configuring Shadow"
356
msgstr "Configuration de Shadow"
357
 
358
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 359
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:198
7156 jlepiller 360
msgid ""
361
"<application>Shadow</application>'s stock configuration for the "
362
"<command>useradd</command> utility may not be desirable for your "
363
"installation. One default parameter causes <command>useradd</command> to "
7165 jlepiller 364
"create a mailbox file for any newly created user.  "
365
"<command>useradd</command> will make the group ownership of this file to the"
366
" <systemitem class=\"groupname\">mail</systemitem> group with 0660 "
367
"permissions. If you would prefer that these mailbox files are not created by"
368
" <command>useradd</command>, issue the following command as the <systemitem "
369
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
7156 jlepiller 370
msgstr ""
371
"La configuration par défaut de <application>Shadow</application> pour "
372
"l'outil <command>useradd</command> peut ne pas être désirable pour votre "
373
"installation. Un paramètre par défaut a pour conséquence que "
374
"<command>useradd</command> crée un fichier de boîte aux lettres pour chaque "
375
"nouvel utilisateur créé. <command>useradd</command> donnera l'appartenance "
7165 jlepiller 376
"de groupe de ce fichier au groupe <systemitem "
377
"class=\"groupname\">mail</systemitem> avec les droits 0660. Si vous "
7216 jlepiller 378
"préférerez que ces fichiers boîtes aux lettres ne soient pas créés par "
7165 jlepiller 379
"<command>useradd</command>, lancez la commande suivante en tant "
380
"qu'utilisateur <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 381
 
382
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><screen>
7304 jlepiller 383
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:209
7156 jlepiller 384
#, no-wrap
385
msgid "<userinput>sed -i 's/yes/no/' /etc/default/useradd</userinput>"
386
msgstr "<userinput>sed -i 's/yes/no/' /etc/default/useradd</userinput>"
387
 
388
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7304 jlepiller 389
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:213
7156 jlepiller 390
msgid "Configuring Linux-PAM to Work with Shadow"
391
msgstr "Configuration de Linux-PAM pour fonctionner avec Shadow"
392
 
393
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><note><para>
7304 jlepiller 394
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:217
7156 jlepiller 395
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 396
"The rest of this page is devoted to configuring "
397
"<application>Shadow</application> to work properly with <application>Linux-"
398
"PAM</application>. If you do not have <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
399
"installed, and you reinstalled <application>Shadow</application> to support "
400
"strong passwords via the <application>CrackLib</application> library, no "
401
"further configuration is required."
7156 jlepiller 402
msgstr ""
403
"Le reste de cette page est consacré à la configuration de "
404
"<application>Shadow</application> pour fonctionner correctement avec "
405
"<application>Linux-PAM</application>. Si vous n'avez pas installé "
406
"<application>Linux-PAM</application> et si vous avez réinstallé "
7165 jlepiller 407
"<application>Shadow</application> pour supporter les mots de passe forts via"
408
" la bibliothèque <application>CrackLib</application>, aucune configuration "
7156 jlepiller 409
"supplémentaire n'est nécessaire."
410
 
411
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><title>
7304 jlepiller 412
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:228
7156 jlepiller 413
msgid "Config Files"
414
msgstr "Fichiers de configuration"
415
 
416
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><para>
7304 jlepiller 417
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:231
7156 jlepiller 418
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 419
"<filename>/etc/pam.d/*</filename> or alternatively "
420
"<filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>, <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename> and"
421
" <filename>/etc/security/*</filename>"
7156 jlepiller 422
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 423
"<filename>/etc/pam.d/*</filename> or alternatively "
424
"<filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>, <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename> et "
425
"<filename>/etc/security/*</filename>"
7156 jlepiller 426
 
427
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><indexterm><primary>
7304 jlepiller 428
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:238
7156 jlepiller 429
msgid "/etc/pam.d/*"
430
msgstr "/etc/pam.d/*"
431
 
432
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><indexterm><primary>
7304 jlepiller 433
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:242
7156 jlepiller 434
msgid "/etc/pam.conf"
435
msgstr "/etc/pam.conf"
436
 
437
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><indexterm><primary>
7304 jlepiller 438
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:246
439
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:293
7156 jlepiller 440
msgid "/etc/login.defs"
441
msgstr "/etc/login.defs"
442
 
443
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><indexterm><primary>
7304 jlepiller 444
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:250
7156 jlepiller 445
msgid "/etc/security/*"
446
msgstr "/etc/security/*"
447
 
448
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><title>
7304 jlepiller 449
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:255
7156 jlepiller 450
msgid "Configuration Information"
451
msgstr "Informations de configuration"
452
 
453
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><para>
7304 jlepiller 454
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:258
7156 jlepiller 455
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 456
"Configuring your system to use <application>Linux-PAM</application> can be a"
457
" complex task. The information below will provide a basic setup so that "
7156 jlepiller 458
"<application>Shadow</application>'s login and password functionality will "
459
"work effectively with <application>Linux-PAM</application>. Review the "
460
"information and links on the <xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> page for further "
461
"configuration information. For information specific to integrating "
462
"<application>Shadow</application>, <application>Linux-PAM</application> and "
463
"<application>CrackLib</application>, you can visit the following link:"
464
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 465
"La configuration de votre système pour utiliser <application>Linux-"
466
"PAM</application> peut être une tâche complexe. Les informations ci-dessous "
467
"fourniront un paramétrage de base pour que la fonctionnalité de connexion et"
468
" de mot de passe de <application>Shadow</application> fonctionne bien avec "
469
"<application>Linux-PAM</application>. Regardez les informations et les liens"
470
" sur la page <xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> pour des informations de "
7156 jlepiller 471
"configuration supplémentaires. Pour des informations spécifiques à "
7165 jlepiller 472
"l'intégration de <application>Shadow</application>, <application>Linux-"
473
"PAM</application> et <application>CrackLib</application>, vous pouvez "
474
"visiter les liens suivants&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 475
 
476
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7304 jlepiller 477
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:273
7165 jlepiller 478
msgid "<ulink url=\"http://www.deer-run.com/~hal/sysadmin/pam_cracklib.html\"/>"
479
msgstr "<ulink url=\"http://www.deer-run.com/~hal/sysadmin/pam_cracklib.html\"/>"
7156 jlepiller 480
 
481
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7304 jlepiller 482
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:279
7156 jlepiller 483
msgid "Configuring /etc/login.defs"
484
msgstr "Configuration de /etc/login.defs"
485
 
486
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7304 jlepiller 487
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:282
7156 jlepiller 488
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 489
"The <command>login</command> program currently performs many functions which"
490
" <application>Linux-PAM</application> modules should now handle.  The "
7156 jlepiller 491
"following <command>sed</command> command will comment out the appropriate "
7165 jlepiller 492
"lines in <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename>, and stop "
493
"<command>login</command> from performing these functions (a backup file "
494
"named <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> is also created to preserve "
495
"the original file's contents). Issue the following commands as the "
496
"<systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
7156 jlepiller 497
msgstr ""
498
"Le programme <command>login</command> effectue actuellement beaucoup de "
499
"fonctions que les modules <application>Linux-PAM</application> devraient "
500
"maintenant gérer. La commande <command>sed</command> suivante va commenter "
501
"les lignes adéquates dans <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename> et empêcher "
7165 jlepiller 502
"<command>login</command> d'effectuer ces fonctions (un fichier de sauvegarde"
503
" appelé <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> est également créé pour "
504
"préserver le contenu du fichier d'origine). Exécutez les commandes suivantes"
505
" en tant qu'utilisateur <systemitem "
506
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 507
 
508
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7304 jlepiller 509
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:296
7156 jlepiller 510
#, no-wrap
511
msgid ""
512
"<userinput>install -v -m644 /etc/login.defs /etc/login.defs.orig &amp;&amp;\n"
513
"for FUNCTION in FAIL_DELAY               \\\n"
514
"                FAILLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
515
"                LASTLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
516
"                MAIL_CHECK_ENAB          \\\n"
517
"                OBSCURE_CHECKS_ENAB      \\\n"
518
"                PORTTIME_CHECKS_ENAB     \\\n"
519
"                QUOTAS_ENAB              \\\n"
520
"                CONSOLE MOTD_FILE        \\\n"
521
"                FTMP_FILE NOLOGINS_FILE  \\\n"
522
"                ENV_HZ PASS_MIN_LEN      \\\n"
523
"                SU_WHEEL_ONLY            \\\n"
524
"                CRACKLIB_DICTPATH        \\\n"
525
"                PASS_CHANGE_TRIES        \\\n"
526
"                PASS_ALWAYS_WARN         \\\n"
527
"                CHFN_AUTH ENCRYPT_METHOD \\\n"
528
"                ENVIRON_FILE\n"
529
"do\n"
530
"    sed -i \"s/^${FUNCTION}/# &amp;/\" /etc/login.defs\n"
531
"done</userinput>"
532
msgstr ""
533
"<userinput>install -v -m644 /etc/login.defs /etc/login.defs.orig &amp;&amp;\n"
534
"for FUNCTION in FAIL_DELAY               \\\n"
535
"                FAILLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
536
"                LASTLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
537
"                MAIL_CHECK_ENAB          \\\n"
538
"                OBSCURE_CHECKS_ENAB      \\\n"
539
"                PORTTIME_CHECKS_ENAB     \\\n"
540
"                QUOTAS_ENAB              \\\n"
541
"                CONSOLE MOTD_FILE        \\\n"
542
"                FTMP_FILE NOLOGINS_FILE  \\\n"
543
"                ENV_HZ PASS_MIN_LEN      \\\n"
544
"                SU_WHEEL_ONLY            \\\n"
545
"                CRACKLIB_DICTPATH        \\\n"
546
"                PASS_CHANGE_TRIES        \\\n"
547
"                PASS_ALWAYS_WARN         \\\n"
548
"                CHFN_AUTH ENCRYPT_METHOD \\\n"
549
"                ENVIRON_FILE\n"
550
"do\n"
551
"    sed -i \"s/^${FUNCTION}/# &amp;/\" /etc/login.defs\n"
552
"done</userinput>"
553
 
554
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7304 jlepiller 555
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:319
7156 jlepiller 556
msgid "Configuring the /etc/pam.d/ Files"
557
msgstr "Configuration des fichiers /etc/pam.d/"
558
 
559
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7304 jlepiller 560
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:322
7156 jlepiller 561
msgid ""
562
"As mentioned previously in the <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
7165 jlepiller 563
"instructions, <application>Linux-PAM</application> has two supported methods"
564
" for configuration. The commands below assume that you've chosen to use a "
7156 jlepiller 565
"directory based configuration, where each program has its own configuration "
566
"file.  You can optionally use a single <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename> "
7165 jlepiller 567
"configuration file by using the text from the files below, and supplying the"
568
" program name as an additional first field for each line."
7156 jlepiller 569
msgstr ""
570
"Comme indiqué précédemment dans les instructions pour <application>Linux-"
571
"PAM</application>, <application>Linux-PAM</application> supporte deux "
572
"méthodes de configuration. Les commandes ci-dessous supposent que vous avez "
573
"choisi d'utiliser une configuration basée sur le répertoire, où chaque "
574
"programme a son propre fichier de configuration. Vous pouvez éventuellement "
7165 jlepiller 575
"utiliser un seul fichier de configuration <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>"
576
" en utilisant le texte de configuration des fichiers ci-dessous, en "
7156 jlepiller 577
"fournissant le nom du programme comme premier champ à chaque ligne."
578
 
579
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7304 jlepiller 580
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:333
7156 jlepiller 581
msgid ""
582
"As the <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user, replace the "
583
"following <application>Linux-PAM</application> configuration files in the "
584
"<filename class=\"directory\">/etc/pam.d/</filename> directory (or add the "
585
"contents to the <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename> file)  using the "
586
"following commands:"
587
msgstr ""
588
"En tant qu'utilisateur <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>, "
7165 jlepiller 589
"remplacez les fichiers de configuration <application>Linux-PAM</application>"
590
" suivants dans le répertoire <filename "
591
"class=\"directory\">/etc/pam.d/</filename> (ou ajoutez le contenu du fichier"
592
" <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>) en utilisant les commandes "
593
"suivantes&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 594
 
595
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7304 jlepiller 596
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:342
7156 jlepiller 597
msgid "'login'"
598
msgstr "'login'"
599
 
600
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7304 jlepiller 601
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:344
7156 jlepiller 602
#, no-wrap
603
msgid ""
604
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/login &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
605
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/login\n"
606
"\n"
607
"# Set failure delay before next prompt to 3 seconds\n"
608
"auth      optional    pam_faildelay.so  delay=3000000\n"
609
"\n"
610
"# Check to make sure that the user is allowed to login\n"
611
"auth      requisite   pam_nologin.so\n"
612
"\n"
613
"# Check to make sure that root is allowed to login\n"
614
"# Disabled by default. You will need to create /etc/securetty\n"
615
"# file for this module to function. See man 5 securetty.\n"
616
"#auth      required    pam_securetty.so\n"
617
"\n"
618
"# Additional group memberships - disabled by default\n"
619
"#auth      optional    pam_group.so\n"
620
"\n"
621
"# include the default auth settings\n"
622
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
623
"\n"
624
"# check access for the user\n"
625
"account   required    pam_access.so\n"
626
"\n"
627
"# include the default account settings\n"
628
"account   include     system-account\n"
629
"\n"
630
"# Set default environment variables for the user\n"
631
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
632
"\n"
633
"# Set resource limits for the user\n"
634
"session   required    pam_limits.so\n"
635
"\n"
636
"# Display date of last login - Disabled by default\n"
637
"#session   optional    pam_lastlog.so\n"
638
"\n"
639
"# Display the message of the day - Disabled by default\n"
640
"#session   optional    pam_motd.so\n"
641
"\n"
642
"# Check user's mail - Disabled by default\n"
643
"#session   optional    pam_mail.so      standard quiet\n"
644
"\n"
645
"# include the default session and password settings\n"
646
"session   include     system-session\n"
647
"password  include     system-password\n"
648
"\n"
649
"# End /etc/pam.d/login</literal>\n"
650
"EOF</userinput>"
651
msgstr ""
652
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/login &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
653
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/login\n"
654
"\n"
655
"# Set failure delay before next prompt to 3 seconds\n"
656
"auth      optional    pam_faildelay.so  delay=3000000\n"
657
"\n"
658
"# Check to make sure that the user is allowed to login\n"
659
"auth      requisite   pam_nologin.so\n"
660
"\n"
661
"# Check to make sure that root is allowed to login\n"
662
"# Disabled by default. You will need to create /etc/securetty\n"
663
"# file for this module to function. See man 5 securetty.\n"
664
"#auth      required    pam_securetty.so\n"
665
"\n"
666
"# Additional group memberships - disabled by default\n"
667
"#auth      optional    pam_group.so\n"
668
"\n"
669
"# include the default auth settings\n"
670
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
671
"\n"
672
"# check access for the user\n"
673
"account   required    pam_access.so\n"
674
"\n"
675
"# include the default account settings\n"
676
"account   include     system-account\n"
677
"\n"
678
"# Set default environment variables for the user\n"
679
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
680
"\n"
681
"# Set resource limits for the user\n"
682
"session   required    pam_limits.so\n"
683
"\n"
684
"# Display date of last login - Disabled by default\n"
685
"#session   optional    pam_lastlog.so\n"
686
"\n"
687
"# Display the message of the day - Disabled by default\n"
688
"#session   optional    pam_motd.so\n"
689
"\n"
690
"# Check user's mail - Disabled by default\n"
691
"#session   optional    pam_mail.so      standard quiet\n"
692
"\n"
693
"# include the default session and password settings\n"
694
"session   include     system-session\n"
695
"password  include     system-password\n"
696
"\n"
697
"# End /etc/pam.d/login</literal>\n"
698
"EOF</userinput>"
699
 
700
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7304 jlepiller 701
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:394
7156 jlepiller 702
msgid "'passwd'"
703
msgstr "'passwd'"
704
 
705
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7304 jlepiller 706
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:396
7156 jlepiller 707
#, no-wrap
708
msgid ""
709
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/passwd &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
710
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/passwd\n"
711
"\n"
712
"password  include     system-password\n"
713
"\n"
714
"# End /etc/pam.d/passwd</literal>\n"
715
"EOF</userinput>"
716
msgstr ""
717
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/passwd &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
718
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/passwd\n"
719
"\n"
720
"password  include     system-password\n"
721
"\n"
722
"# End /etc/pam.d/passwd</literal>\n"
723
"EOF</userinput>"
724
 
725
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7304 jlepiller 726
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:406
7156 jlepiller 727
msgid "'su'"
728
msgstr "'su'"
729
 
730
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7304 jlepiller 731
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:408
7156 jlepiller 732
#, no-wrap
733
msgid ""
734
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/su &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
735
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/su\n"
736
"\n"
737
"# always allow root\n"
738
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
739
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
740
"\n"
741
"# include the default account settings\n"
742
"account   include     system-account\n"
743
"\n"
744
"# Set default environment variables for the service user\n"
745
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
746
"\n"
747
"# include system session defaults\n"
748
"session   include     system-session\n"
749
"\n"
750
"# End /etc/pam.d/su</literal>\n"
751
"EOF</userinput>"
752
msgstr ""
753
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/su &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
754
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/su\n"
755
"\n"
756
"# always allow root\n"
757
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
758
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
759
"\n"
760
"# include the default account settings\n"
761
"account   include     system-account\n"
762
"\n"
763
"# Set default environment variables for the service user\n"
764
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
765
"\n"
766
"# include system session defaults\n"
767
"session   include     system-session\n"
768
"\n"
769
"# End /etc/pam.d/su</literal>\n"
770
"EOF</userinput>"
771
 
772
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7304 jlepiller 773
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:429
7156 jlepiller 774
msgid "'chage'"
775
msgstr "'chage'"
776
 
777
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7304 jlepiller 778
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:431
7165 jlepiller 779
#, no-wrap
7156 jlepiller 780
msgid ""
781
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/chage &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
7164 jlepiller 782
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/chage\n"
7156 jlepiller 783
"\n"
784
"# always allow root\n"
785
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
786
"\n"
787
"# include system defaults for auth account and session\n"
788
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
789
"account   include     system-account\n"
790
"session   include     system-session\n"
791
"\n"
792
"# Always permit for authentication updates\n"
793
"password  required    pam_permit.so\n"
794
"\n"
795
"# End /etc/pam.d/chage</literal>\n"
796
"EOF</userinput>"
797
msgstr ""
798
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/chage &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
7165 jlepiller 799
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/chage\n"
7156 jlepiller 800
"\n"
801
"# always allow root\n"
802
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
803
"\n"
804
"# include system defaults for auth account and session\n"
805
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
806
"account   include     system-account\n"
807
"session   include     system-session\n"
808
"\n"
809
"# Always permit for authentication updates\n"
810
"password  required    pam_permit.so\n"
811
"\n"
812
"# End /etc/pam.d/chage</literal>\n"
813
"EOF</userinput>"
814
 
815
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7304 jlepiller 816
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:450
7156 jlepiller 817
msgid "Other common programs"
818
msgstr "Autres programmes utiles"
819
 
820
#. <title>
821
#. 'chfn', 'chgpasswd', 'chgpasswd', 'chsh', 'groupadd', 'groupdel',
822
#.         'groupmems', 'groupmod', 'newusers', 'useradd', 'userdel' and
823
#.         'usermod'</title>
824
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7304 jlepiller 825
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:455
7156 jlepiller 826
#, no-wrap
827
msgid ""
828
"<userinput>for PROGRAM in chfn chgpasswd chpasswd chsh groupadd groupdel \\\n"
829
"               groupmems groupmod newusers useradd userdel usermod\n"
830
"do\n"
831
"    install -v -m644 /etc/pam.d/chage /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
832
"    sed -i \"s/chage/$PROGRAM/\" /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
833
"done</userinput>"
834
msgstr ""
835
"<userinput>for PROGRAM in chfn chgpasswd chpasswd chsh groupadd groupdel \\\n"
836
"               groupmems groupmod newusers useradd userdel usermod\n"
837
"do\n"
838
"    install -v -m644 /etc/pam.d/chage /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
839
"    sed -i \"s/chage/$PROGRAM/\" /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
840
"done</userinput>"
841
 
7164 jlepiller 842
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7304 jlepiller 843
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:462
7164 jlepiller 844
msgid ""
845
"Because the installation of <application>systemd</application> is not yet "
7165 jlepiller 846
"complete, you will need to remove the <filename>/run/nologin</filename> file"
847
" before testing the installation. Execute the following command as the "
7164 jlepiller 848
"<systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
849
msgstr ""
7175 jlepiller 850
"Comme l'installation de <application>systemd</application> n'est pas encore "
7190 jlepiller 851
"complète, vous devrez supprimer le fichier <filename>/run/nologin</filename>"
852
" avant de tester l'installation. Exécutez la commande suivante en tant "
7175 jlepiller 853
"qu'utilisateur <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7164 jlepiller 854
 
855
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7304 jlepiller 856
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:468
7165 jlepiller 857
#, no-wrap
7164 jlepiller 858
msgid "<userinput>rm -f /run/nologin</userinput>"
7165 jlepiller 859
msgstr "<userinput>rm -f /run/nologin</userinput>"
7164 jlepiller 860
 
7156 jlepiller 861
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><warning><para>
7304 jlepiller 862
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:472
7156 jlepiller 863
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 864
"At this point, you should do a simple test to see if "
865
"<application>Shadow</application> is working as expected. Open another "
866
"terminal and log in as a user, then <command>su</command> to <systemitem "
867
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem>. If you do not see any errors, then all"
868
" is well and you should proceed with the rest of the configuration. If you "
869
"did receive errors, stop now and double check the above configuration files "
870
"manually. You can also run the test suite from the <application>Linux-"
871
"PAM</application> package to assist you in determining the problem. If you "
872
"cannot find and fix the error, you should recompile "
873
"<application>Shadow</application> adding the <option>--without-"
874
"libpam</option> switch to the <command>configure</command> command in the "
875
"above instructions (also move the <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> "
876
"backup file to <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename>). If you fail to do this"
877
" and the errors remain, you will be unable to log into your system."
7156 jlepiller 878
msgstr ""
879
"À cette étape, vous devriez faire un simple test pour voir si "
880
"<application>Shadow</application> fonctionne comme prévu. Ouvrez un autre "
7165 jlepiller 881
"terminal et connectez-vous en tant qu'utilisateur, puis "
882
"<command>su</command> en <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>. "
883
"Si vous ne voyez pas d'erreurs, tout va bien et vous devriez poursuivre le "
884
"reste de la configuration. Si vous avez reçu des erreurs, arrêtez-vous "
885
"maintenant et vérifiez à deux reprises les fichiers de configuration ci-"
886
"dessus à la main. Vous pouvez aussi lancer la suite de tests à partir du "
887
"paquet <application>Linux-PAM</application> pour vous aider à déterminer le "
7156 jlepiller 888
"problème. Si vous n'arrivez pas à trouver et à corriger l'erreur, vous "
889
"devriez recompiler <application>Shadow</application> en ajoutant le "
890
"paramètre <option>--without-libpam</option> à la commande "
7165 jlepiller 891
"<command>configure</command> dans les instructions ci-dessus (déplacez aussi"
892
" le fichier de sauvegarde <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> dans "
893
"<filename>/etc/login.defs</filename>). Si vous n'arrivez pas à faire cela et"
894
" si les erreurs demeurent, vous ne pourrez pas vous connecter à votre "
895
"système."
7156 jlepiller 896
 
897
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7304 jlepiller 898
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:492
7156 jlepiller 899
msgid "Configuring Login Access"
900
msgstr "Configuration de l'accès Login"
901
 
902
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7304 jlepiller 903
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:495
7156 jlepiller 904
msgid ""
905
"Instead of using the <filename>/etc/login.access</filename> file for "
906
"controlling access to the system, <application>Linux-PAM</application> uses "
7165 jlepiller 907
"the <filename class='libraryfile'>pam_access.so</filename> module along with"
908
" the <filename>/etc/security/access.conf</filename> file.  Rename the "
7156 jlepiller 909
"<filename>/etc/login.access</filename> file using the following command:"
910
msgstr ""
911
"Au lieu d'utiliser le fichier <filename>/etc/login.access</filename> pour "
912
"contrôler l'accès au système, <application>Linux-PAM</application> utilise "
913
"le module <filename class='libraryfile'>pam_access.so</filename> ainsi que "
914
"le fichier <filename>/etc/security/access.conf</filename>. Renommez le "
915
"fichier <filename>/etc/login.access</filename> en utilisant la commande "
916
"suivante&nbsp;:"
917
 
918
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><indexterm><primary>
7304 jlepiller 919
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:504
7156 jlepiller 920
msgid "/etc/security/access.conf"
921
msgstr "/etc/security/access.conf"
922
 
923
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7304 jlepiller 924
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:507
7156 jlepiller 925
#, no-wrap
7165 jlepiller 926
msgid ""
927
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/login.access ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
928
"/etc/login.access{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
929
msgstr ""
930
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/login.access ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
931
"/etc/login.access{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
7156 jlepiller 932
 
933
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7304 jlepiller 934
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:511
7156 jlepiller 935
msgid "Configuring Resource Limits"
936
msgstr "Configuration des limitations de ressources"
937
 
938
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7304 jlepiller 939
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:514
7156 jlepiller 940
msgid ""
941
"Instead of using the <filename>/etc/limits</filename> file for limiting "
942
"usage of system resources, <application>Linux-PAM</application> uses the "
7165 jlepiller 943
"<filename class='libraryfile'>pam_limits.so</filename> module along with the"
944
" <filename>/etc/security/limits.conf</filename> file. Rename the "
945
"<filename>/etc/limits</filename> file using the following command:"
7156 jlepiller 946
msgstr ""
947
"Au lieu d'utiliser le fichier <filename>/etc/limits</filename> pour limiter "
948
"l'utilisation des ressources système, <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
949
"utilise le module <filename class='libraryfile'>pam_limits.so</filename> "
950
"ainsi que le fichier <filename>/etc/security/limits.conf</filename>. "
951
"Renommez le fichier <filename>/etc/limits</filename> en utilisant la "
952
"commande suivante&nbsp;:"
953
 
954
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><indexterm><primary>
7304 jlepiller 955
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:523
7156 jlepiller 956
msgid "/etc/security/limits.conf"
957
msgstr "/etc/security/limits.conf"
958
 
959
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7304 jlepiller 960
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:526
7156 jlepiller 961
#, no-wrap
7165 jlepiller 962
msgid ""
963
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/limits ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
964
"/etc/limits{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
965
msgstr ""
966
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/limits ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
967
"/etc/limits{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
7156 jlepiller 968
 
969
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><caution><para>
7304 jlepiller 970
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:528
7156 jlepiller 971
msgid ""
972
"Be sure to test the login capabilities of the system before logging out.  "
7164 jlepiller 973
"Errors in the configuration can cause a permanent lockout requiring a boot "
7156 jlepiller 974
"from an external source to correct the problem."
975
msgstr ""
7175 jlepiller 976
"Soyez certain de tester le login sur le système avant de le quitter. Des "
977
"erreurs dans la configuration peuvent causer un blocage permanent demandant "
978
"un démarrage depuis une source externe pour corriger le problème."
7156 jlepiller 979
 
980
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7304 jlepiller 981
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:539
7156 jlepiller 982
msgid "Contents"
983
msgstr "Contenu"
984
 
985
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 986
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:542
7156 jlepiller 987
msgid ""
988
"A list of the installed files, along with their short descriptions can be "
7165 jlepiller 989
"found at <phrase revision=\"sysv\"> <ulink url=\"&lfs-"
990
"root;/chapter06/shadow.html#contents-shadow\"/></phrase> <phrase "
7334 jlepiller 991
"revision=\"systemd\"> <ulink url=\"&lfs-"
992
"rootd;/chapter06/shadow.html#contents-shadow\"/></phrase>."
7156 jlepiller 993
msgstr ""
994
"Vous pouvez trouver une liste des fichiers installés ainsi que leurs "
7175 jlepiller 995
"descriptions courtes sur <phrase revision=\"sysv\"><ulink url=\"&lfs-"
7190 jlepiller 996
"root;/chapter06/shadow.html#contents-shadow\"/></phrase><phrase "
7334 jlepiller 997
"revision=\"systemd\"><ulink url=\"&lfs-"
998
"rootd;/chapter06/shadow.html#contents-shadow\"/></phrase>."
7228 jlepiller 999
 
7453 jlepiller 1000
#~ msgid "c350da50c2120de6bb29177699d89fe3"
1001
#~ msgstr "c350da50c2120de6bb29177699d89fe3"
1002
 
1003
#~ msgid "31 MB"
1004
#~ msgstr "31 Mo"
1005
 
7280 jlepiller 1006
#~ msgid "c06f8c2571b44899e60662f9ad259dd6"
1007
#~ msgstr "c06f8c2571b44899e60662f9ad259dd6"
1008
 
1009
#~ msgid ""
1010
#~ "<command>sed -i -e '/snprintf/s@_msg,@_msg, 256,@' src/su.c</command>: Fix a"
1011
#~ " build error that only occurs if <xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> is detected "
1012
#~ "by <command>configure</command>."
1013
#~ msgstr ""
1014
#~ "<command>sed -i -e '/snprintf/s@_msg,@_msg, 256,@' src/su.c</command>&nbsp;:"
7334 jlepiller 1015
#~ " Corrige une erreur de construction qui n'arrive que si <xref "
1016
#~ "linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> est détecté par <command>configure</command>."
7280 jlepiller 1017
 
1018
#~ msgid ""
1019
#~ "<command>sed -i '47 d' -e '60,65 d' libmisc/myname.c</command>: Apply a "
1020
#~ "security fix from upstream."
1021
#~ msgstr ""
1022
#~ "<command>sed -i '47 d' -e '60,65 d' libmisc/myname.c</command>&nbsp;: "
1023
#~ "Applique un correctif de sécurité amont."
1024
 
1025
#~ msgid ""
1026
#~ "<command>echo '--- ...</command>: This command illustrates another way to "
1027
#~ "apply patches. Without the patch, <command>useradd</command> does not use "
1028
#~ "the defaults in <filename>/etc/default/useradd</filename>."
1029
#~ msgstr ""
1030
#~ "<command>echo '--- ...</command>&nbsp;: Cette commande illustre une autre "
1031
#~ "façon d'appliquer des correctifs. Sans le correctif, "
1032
#~ "<command>useradd</command> n'utilise pas les valeurs par défaut dans "
1033
#~ "<filename>/etc/default/useradd</filename>."
1034
 
7228 jlepiller 1035
#~ msgid "2bfafe7d4962682d31b5eba65dba4fc8"
1036
#~ msgstr "2bfafe7d4962682d31b5eba65dba4fc8"
1037
 
1038
#~ msgid "1.5 MB"
7233 jlepiller 1039
#~ msgstr "1.5 Mo"