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7156 jlepiller 1
# SOME DESCRIPTIVE TITLE
2
# Copyright (C) YEAR Free Software Foundation, Inc.
3
# This file is distributed under the same license as the PACKAGE package.
4
# FIRST AUTHOR <EMAIL@ADDRESS>, YEAR.
5
#
6
msgid ""
7
msgstr ""
8
"Project-Id-Version: PACKAGE VERSION\n"
9
"POT-Creation-Date: 2016-08-09 15:54+0200\n"
7234 jlepiller 10
"PO-Revision-Date: 2017-02-20 12:03+0000\n"
11
"Last-Translator: myou <myou72@orange.fr>\n"
7156 jlepiller 12
"Language-Team: LANGUAGE <LL@li.org>\n"
7257 jlepiller 13
"Language: fr\n"
7156 jlepiller 14
"MIME-Version: 1.0\n"
15
"Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8\n"
16
"Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit\n"
17
"Plural-Forms: nplurals=2; plural=(n > 1);\n"
7228 jlepiller 18
"X-Generator: Pootle 2.8\n"
7234 jlepiller 19
"X-POOTLE-MTIME: 1487592201.357409\n"
7156 jlepiller 20
 
21
#. type: Content of the shadow-download-http entity
22
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:7
23
msgid ""
7228 jlepiller 24
"https://github.com/shadow-maint/shadow/releases/download/&shadow-"
25
"version;/shadow-&shadow-version;.tar.xz"
7156 jlepiller 26
msgstr ""
7228 jlepiller 27
"https://github.com/shadow-maint/shadow/releases/download/&shadow-"
28
"version;/shadow-&shadow-version;.tar.xz"
7156 jlepiller 29
 
30
#. type: Content of the shadow-md5sum entity
31
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:9
7280 jlepiller 32
msgid "c350da50c2120de6bb29177699d89fe3"
33
msgstr "c350da50c2120de6bb29177699d89fe3"
7156 jlepiller 34
 
35
#. type: Content of the shadow-size entity
36
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:10
7228 jlepiller 37
msgid "1.6 MB"
38
msgstr "1.6 Mo"
7156 jlepiller 39
 
40
#. type: Content of the shadow-buildsize entity
41
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:11
7228 jlepiller 42
msgid "31 MB"
43
msgstr "31 Mo"
7156 jlepiller 44
 
45
#. type: Content of the shadow-time entity
46
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:12
47
msgid "0.2 SBU"
48
msgstr "0.2 SBU"
49
 
50
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect1info>
51
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:19
7257 jlepiller 52
#| msgid ""
7304 jlepiller 53
#| "<othername>$LastChangedBy: bdubbs $</othername> <date>$Date: 2017-08-16 "
54
#| "20:38:22 +0000 (Wed, 16 Aug 2017) $</date>"
7156 jlepiller 55
msgid ""
7304 jlepiller 56
"<othername>$LastChangedBy: dj $</othername> <date>$Date: 2017-08-17 04:41:37"
57
" +0000 (Thu, 17 Aug 2017) $</date>"
7156 jlepiller 58
msgstr ""
7304 jlepiller 59
"<othername>$LastChangedBy: dj $</othername> <date>$Date: 2017-08-17 04:41:37"
60
" +0000 (Thu, 17 Aug 2017) $</date>"
7156 jlepiller 61
 
62
#. type: Content of: <sect1><title>
63
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:23
64
msgid "Shadow-&shadow-version;"
65
msgstr "Shadow-&shadow-version;"
66
 
67
#. type: Content of: <sect1><indexterm><primary>
68
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:26
69
msgid "Shadow"
70
msgstr "Shadow"
71
 
72
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
73
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:30
74
msgid "Introduction to Shadow"
75
msgstr "Introduction à Shadow"
76
 
77
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
78
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:33
79
msgid ""
80
"<application>Shadow</application> was indeed installed in LFS and there is "
7165 jlepiller 81
"no reason to reinstall it unless you installed "
82
"<application>CrackLib</application> or <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
83
"after your LFS system was completed.  If you have installed "
84
"<application>CrackLib</application> after LFS, then reinstalling "
85
"<application>Shadow</application> will enable strong password support. If "
86
"you have installed <application>Linux-PAM</application>, reinstalling "
87
"<application>Shadow</application> will allow programs such as "
88
"<command>login</command> and <command>su</command> to utilize PAM."
7156 jlepiller 89
msgstr ""
90
"<application>Shadow</application> a effectivement été installé dans LFS et "
91
"il n'y a aucune raison pour le réinstaller, sauf si vous avez installé "
92
"<application>CrackLib</application> ou <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
93
"après que votre système LFS ai été terminé. Si vous avez installé "
94
"<application>CrackLib</application> après LFS, la réinstallation de "
95
"<application>Shadow</application> activera le support des mots de passe "
96
"renforcés. Si vous avez installé <application>Linux-PAM</application>, la "
97
"réinstallation de <application>Shadow</application> permettra à des "
98
"programmes tels que <command>login</command> et <command>su</command> "
99
"d'utiliser PAM."
100
 
101
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><bridgehead>
7304 jlepiller 102
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:46
7156 jlepiller 103
msgid "Package Information"
104
msgstr "Informations sur le paquet"
105
 
106
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7304 jlepiller 107
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:50
7156 jlepiller 108
msgid "Download (HTTP): <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-http;\"/>"
109
msgstr "Téléchargement (HTTP)&nbsp;: <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-http;\"/>"
110
 
111
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7304 jlepiller 112
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:55
7156 jlepiller 113
msgid "Download (FTP): <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-ftp;\"/>"
114
msgstr "Téléchargement (FTP)&nbsp;: <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-ftp;\"/>"
115
 
116
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7304 jlepiller 117
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:60
7156 jlepiller 118
msgid "Download MD5 sum: &shadow-md5sum;"
119
msgstr "Somme de contrôle MD5 du téléchargement&nbsp;: &shadow-md5sum;"
120
 
121
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7304 jlepiller 122
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:65
7156 jlepiller 123
msgid "Download size: &shadow-size;"
124
msgstr "Taille du téléchargement&nbsp;: &shadow-size;"
125
 
126
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7304 jlepiller 127
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:70
7156 jlepiller 128
msgid "Estimated disk space required: &shadow-buildsize;"
129
msgstr "Estimation de l'espace disque requis&nbsp;: &shadow-buildsize;"
130
 
131
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7304 jlepiller 132
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:75
7156 jlepiller 133
msgid "Estimated build time: &shadow-time;"
134
msgstr "Estimation du temps de construction&nbsp;: &shadow-time;"
135
 
136
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><bridgehead>
7304 jlepiller 137
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:80
7156 jlepiller 138
msgid "Shadow Dependencies"
139
msgstr "Dépendances de Shadow"
140
 
141
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><bridgehead>
7304 jlepiller 142
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:82
7156 jlepiller 143
msgid "Required"
144
msgstr "Requises"
145
 
146
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 147
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:84
7156 jlepiller 148
msgid "<xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> or <xref linkend=\"cracklib\"/>"
149
msgstr "<xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> ou <xref linkend=\"cracklib\"/>"
150
 
151
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 152
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:89
7156 jlepiller 153
msgid "User Notes: <ulink url=\"&blfs-wiki;/shadow\"/>"
154
msgstr "Notes utilisateur&nbsp;: <ulink url=\"&blfs-wiki;/shadow\"/>"
155
 
156
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7304 jlepiller 157
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:94
7156 jlepiller 158
msgid "Installation of Shadow"
159
msgstr "Installation de Shadow"
160
 
161
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><important><para>
7304 jlepiller 162
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:98
7156 jlepiller 163
msgid ""
164
"The installation commands shown below are for installations where "
165
"<application>Linux-PAM</application> has been installed (with or without a "
7165 jlepiller 166
"<application>CrackLib</application> installation) and "
167
"<application>Shadow</application> is being reinstalled to support the "
168
"<application>Linux-PAM</application> installation."
7156 jlepiller 169
msgstr ""
170
"Les commandes d'installation indiquées ci-dessous valent pour les "
7165 jlepiller 171
"installations où on a installé <application>Linux-PAM</application> (avec ou"
172
" sans installation de <application>CrackLib</application>) et "
7156 jlepiller 173
"<application>Shadow</application> devra être réinstallé pour supporter "
174
"l'installation de <application>Linux-PAM</application>."
175
 
176
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><important><para>
7304 jlepiller 177
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:106
7156 jlepiller 178
msgid ""
179
"If you are reinstalling <application>Shadow</application> to provide strong "
180
"password support using the <application>CrackLib</application> library "
181
"without using <application>Linux-PAM</application>, ensure you add the "
7165 jlepiller 182
"<parameter>--with-libcrack</parameter> parameter to the "
183
"<command>configure</command> script below and also issue the following "
184
"command:"
7156 jlepiller 185
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 186
"Si vous réinstallez <application>Shadow</application> pour offrir le support"
187
" des mots de passe forts en utilisant la bibliothèque "
188
"<application>CrackLib</application> sans utiliser <application>Linux-"
189
"PAM</application>, assurez-vous d'ajouter le paramètre <parameter>--with-"
190
"libcrack</parameter> au script <command>configure</command> ci-dessous et "
191
"lancez aussi la commande suivante&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 192
 
193
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><important><screen>
7304 jlepiller 194
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:114
7156 jlepiller 195
#, no-wrap
7165 jlepiller 196
msgid ""
197
"<userinput>sed -i 's@DICTPATH.*@DICTPATH\\t/lib/cracklib/pw_dict@' "
198
"etc/login.defs</userinput>"
199
msgstr ""
200
"<userinput>sed -i 's@DICTPATH.*@DICTPATH\\t/lib/cracklib/pw_dict@' "
201
"etc/login.defs</userinput>"
7156 jlepiller 202
 
203
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 204
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:118
7156 jlepiller 205
msgid ""
206
"Reinstall <application>Shadow</application> by running the following "
207
"commands:"
208
msgstr ""
209
"Réinstallez <application>Shadow</application> en lançant les commandes "
210
"suivantes&nbsp;:"
211
 
212
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><screen>
7304 jlepiller 213
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:122
7156 jlepiller 214
#, no-wrap
215
msgid ""
216
"<userinput>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in &amp;&amp;\n"
7228 jlepiller 217
"\n"
218
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/groups\\.1 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 219
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/getspnam\\.3 / /' {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
220
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/passwd\\.5 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
221
"\n"
222
"sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' \\\n"
223
"       -e 's@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs &amp;&amp;\n"
224
"\n"
7228 jlepiller 225
"sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd                           &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 226
"\n"
227
"./configure --sysconfdir=/etc --with-group-name-max-length=32 &amp;&amp;\n"
228
"make</userinput>"
229
msgstr ""
230
"<userinput>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in &amp;&amp;\n"
7228 jlepiller 231
"\n"
232
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/groups\\.1 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 233
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/getspnam\\.3 / /' {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
234
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/passwd\\.5 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
235
"\n"
236
"sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' \\\n"
237
"       -e 's@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs &amp;&amp;\n"
238
"\n"
7228 jlepiller 239
"sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd                           &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 240
"\n"
241
"./configure --sysconfdir=/etc --with-group-name-max-length=32 &amp;&amp;\n"
242
"make</userinput>"
243
 
244
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 245
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:137
7156 jlepiller 246
msgid "This package does not come with a test suite."
247
msgstr "Ce paquet n'est pas fourni avec une suite de tests."
248
 
249
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 250
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:141
7156 jlepiller 251
msgid "Now, as the <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
252
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 253
"Maintenant, en tant qu'utilisateur <systemitem "
254
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 255
 
256
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><screen>
7304 jlepiller 257
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:144
7156 jlepiller 258
#, no-wrap
259
msgid ""
260
"<userinput>make install &amp;&amp;\n"
261
"mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</userinput>"
262
msgstr ""
263
"<userinput>make install &amp;&amp;\n"
264
"mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</userinput>"
265
 
266
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7304 jlepiller 267
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:149
7156 jlepiller 268
msgid "Command Explanations"
269
msgstr "Explication des commandes"
270
 
271
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 272
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:152
7156 jlepiller 273
msgid ""
274
"<command>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in</command>: This sed "
275
"is used to suppress the installation of the <command>groups</command> "
7165 jlepiller 276
"program as the version from the <application>Coreutils</application> package"
277
" installed during LFS is preferred."
7156 jlepiller 278
msgstr ""
279
"<command>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in</command>&nbsp;: "
280
"Cette commande est utilisée pour supprimer l'installation du programme "
281
"<command>groups</command> vu qu'on préfère la version issue du paquet "
282
"<application>Coreutils</application> installé avec LFS."
283
 
284
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 285
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:159
7156 jlepiller 286
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 287
"<command>find man -name Makefile.in -exec ... {} \\;</command>: This command"
288
" is used to suppress the installation of the <command>groups</command> man "
289
"pages so the existing ones installed from the "
290
"<application>Coreutils</application> package are not replaced."
7156 jlepiller 291
msgstr ""
7184 jlepiller 292
"<command>find man -name Makefile.in -exec ... {} \\;</command>&nbsp;: Cette "
7156 jlepiller 293
"commande est utilisée pour supprimer l'installation des pages de manuel "
7216 jlepiller 294
"<command>groups</command> pour que celles existantes et issues du paquet "
7156 jlepiller 295
"<application>Coreutils</application> ne soient pas remplacées."
296
 
297
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 298
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:166
7156 jlepiller 299
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 300
"<command>sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' -e "
301
"'s@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs</command>: Instead of using "
302
"the default 'DES' method, this command modifies the installation to use the "
303
"more secure 'SHA512' method of hashing passwords, which also allows "
304
"passwords longer than eight characters. It also changes the obsolete "
305
"<filename class=\"directory\">/var/spool/mail</filename> location for user "
306
"mailboxes that <application>Shadow</application> uses by default to the "
307
"<filename class=\"directory\">/var/mail</filename> location."
7156 jlepiller 308
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 309
"<command>sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' -e "
310
"'s@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs</command>&nbsp;: Au lieu "
311
"d'utiliser la méthode 'DES' par défaut, cette commande modifie "
7216 jlepiller 312
"l'installation pour utiliser la méthode plus sécurisée de hashage des mots "
313
"de passe 'SHA512', qui autorise aussi les mots de passe d'une longueur "
314
"supérieure à huit caractères. Elle modifie aussi l'emplacement <filename "
315
"class=\"directory\">/var/spool/mail</filename> obsolète pour les boîtes aux "
316
"lettres utilisateur qu'utilise <application>Shadow</application> par défaut "
317
"en <filename class=\"directory\">/var/mail</filename>."
7156 jlepiller 318
 
319
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 320
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:177
7156 jlepiller 321
msgid ""
322
"<command>sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd</command>: Make a minor change to "
323
"make the default useradd consistent with the LFS groups file."
324
msgstr ""
325
"<command>sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd</command>&nbsp;: Fait une "
7216 jlepiller 326
"modification mineure pour faire que l'ajout de l'utilisateur par défaut soit"
327
" cohérent avec le fichier groups de LFS."
7156 jlepiller 328
 
329
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 330
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:182
7156 jlepiller 331
msgid ""
7190 jlepiller 332
"<parameter>--with-group-name-max-length=32</parameter>: The maximum user "
333
"name is 32 characters. Make the maximum group name the same."
7156 jlepiller 334
msgstr ""
7196 jlepiller 335
"<parameter>--with-group-name-max-length=32</parameter>&nbsp;: Le nom "
7197 jlepiller 336
"d'utilisateur utilise au maximum 32 caractères. Faites la même chose pour le"
337
" nom du groupe."
7156 jlepiller 338
 
339
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 340
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:187
7156 jlepiller 341
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 342
"<command>mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</command>: The <command>passwd</command>"
343
" program may be needed during times when the <filename "
344
"class='directory'>/usr</filename> filesystem is not mounted so it is moved "
345
"into the root partition."
7156 jlepiller 346
msgstr ""
347
"<command>mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</command>&nbsp;: Le programme "
348
"<command>passwd</command> peut être nécessaire aux moments où le système de "
349
"fichiers <filename class='directory'>/usr</filename> n'est pas monté pour "
350
"qu'il soit déplacé dans la partition racine. "
351
 
352
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7304 jlepiller 353
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:195
7156 jlepiller 354
msgid "Configuring Shadow"
355
msgstr "Configuration de Shadow"
356
 
357
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 358
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:198
7156 jlepiller 359
msgid ""
360
"<application>Shadow</application>'s stock configuration for the "
361
"<command>useradd</command> utility may not be desirable for your "
362
"installation. One default parameter causes <command>useradd</command> to "
7165 jlepiller 363
"create a mailbox file for any newly created user.  "
364
"<command>useradd</command> will make the group ownership of this file to the"
365
" <systemitem class=\"groupname\">mail</systemitem> group with 0660 "
366
"permissions. If you would prefer that these mailbox files are not created by"
367
" <command>useradd</command>, issue the following command as the <systemitem "
368
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
7156 jlepiller 369
msgstr ""
370
"La configuration par défaut de <application>Shadow</application> pour "
371
"l'outil <command>useradd</command> peut ne pas être désirable pour votre "
372
"installation. Un paramètre par défaut a pour conséquence que "
373
"<command>useradd</command> crée un fichier de boîte aux lettres pour chaque "
374
"nouvel utilisateur créé. <command>useradd</command> donnera l'appartenance "
7165 jlepiller 375
"de groupe de ce fichier au groupe <systemitem "
376
"class=\"groupname\">mail</systemitem> avec les droits 0660. Si vous "
7216 jlepiller 377
"préférerez que ces fichiers boîtes aux lettres ne soient pas créés par "
7165 jlepiller 378
"<command>useradd</command>, lancez la commande suivante en tant "
379
"qu'utilisateur <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 380
 
381
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><screen>
7304 jlepiller 382
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:209
7156 jlepiller 383
#, no-wrap
384
msgid "<userinput>sed -i 's/yes/no/' /etc/default/useradd</userinput>"
385
msgstr "<userinput>sed -i 's/yes/no/' /etc/default/useradd</userinput>"
386
 
387
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7304 jlepiller 388
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:213
7156 jlepiller 389
msgid "Configuring Linux-PAM to Work with Shadow"
390
msgstr "Configuration de Linux-PAM pour fonctionner avec Shadow"
391
 
392
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><note><para>
7304 jlepiller 393
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:217
7156 jlepiller 394
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 395
"The rest of this page is devoted to configuring "
396
"<application>Shadow</application> to work properly with <application>Linux-"
397
"PAM</application>. If you do not have <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
398
"installed, and you reinstalled <application>Shadow</application> to support "
399
"strong passwords via the <application>CrackLib</application> library, no "
400
"further configuration is required."
7156 jlepiller 401
msgstr ""
402
"Le reste de cette page est consacré à la configuration de "
403
"<application>Shadow</application> pour fonctionner correctement avec "
404
"<application>Linux-PAM</application>. Si vous n'avez pas installé "
405
"<application>Linux-PAM</application> et si vous avez réinstallé "
7165 jlepiller 406
"<application>Shadow</application> pour supporter les mots de passe forts via"
407
" la bibliothèque <application>CrackLib</application>, aucune configuration "
7156 jlepiller 408
"supplémentaire n'est nécessaire."
409
 
410
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><title>
7304 jlepiller 411
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:228
7156 jlepiller 412
msgid "Config Files"
413
msgstr "Fichiers de configuration"
414
 
415
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><para>
7304 jlepiller 416
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:231
7156 jlepiller 417
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 418
"<filename>/etc/pam.d/*</filename> or alternatively "
419
"<filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>, <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename> and"
420
" <filename>/etc/security/*</filename>"
7156 jlepiller 421
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 422
"<filename>/etc/pam.d/*</filename> or alternatively "
423
"<filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>, <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename> et "
424
"<filename>/etc/security/*</filename>"
7156 jlepiller 425
 
426
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><indexterm><primary>
7304 jlepiller 427
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:238
7156 jlepiller 428
msgid "/etc/pam.d/*"
429
msgstr "/etc/pam.d/*"
430
 
431
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><indexterm><primary>
7304 jlepiller 432
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:242
7156 jlepiller 433
msgid "/etc/pam.conf"
434
msgstr "/etc/pam.conf"
435
 
436
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><indexterm><primary>
7304 jlepiller 437
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:246
438
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:293
7156 jlepiller 439
msgid "/etc/login.defs"
440
msgstr "/etc/login.defs"
441
 
442
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><indexterm><primary>
7304 jlepiller 443
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:250
7156 jlepiller 444
msgid "/etc/security/*"
445
msgstr "/etc/security/*"
446
 
447
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><title>
7304 jlepiller 448
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:255
7156 jlepiller 449
msgid "Configuration Information"
450
msgstr "Informations de configuration"
451
 
452
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><para>
7304 jlepiller 453
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:258
7156 jlepiller 454
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 455
"Configuring your system to use <application>Linux-PAM</application> can be a"
456
" complex task. The information below will provide a basic setup so that "
7156 jlepiller 457
"<application>Shadow</application>'s login and password functionality will "
458
"work effectively with <application>Linux-PAM</application>. Review the "
459
"information and links on the <xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> page for further "
460
"configuration information. For information specific to integrating "
461
"<application>Shadow</application>, <application>Linux-PAM</application> and "
462
"<application>CrackLib</application>, you can visit the following link:"
463
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 464
"La configuration de votre système pour utiliser <application>Linux-"
465
"PAM</application> peut être une tâche complexe. Les informations ci-dessous "
466
"fourniront un paramétrage de base pour que la fonctionnalité de connexion et"
467
" de mot de passe de <application>Shadow</application> fonctionne bien avec "
468
"<application>Linux-PAM</application>. Regardez les informations et les liens"
469
" sur la page <xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> pour des informations de "
7156 jlepiller 470
"configuration supplémentaires. Pour des informations spécifiques à "
7165 jlepiller 471
"l'intégration de <application>Shadow</application>, <application>Linux-"
472
"PAM</application> et <application>CrackLib</application>, vous pouvez "
473
"visiter les liens suivants&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 474
 
475
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7304 jlepiller 476
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:273
7165 jlepiller 477
msgid "<ulink url=\"http://www.deer-run.com/~hal/sysadmin/pam_cracklib.html\"/>"
478
msgstr "<ulink url=\"http://www.deer-run.com/~hal/sysadmin/pam_cracklib.html\"/>"
7156 jlepiller 479
 
480
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7304 jlepiller 481
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:279
7156 jlepiller 482
msgid "Configuring /etc/login.defs"
483
msgstr "Configuration de /etc/login.defs"
484
 
485
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7304 jlepiller 486
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:282
7156 jlepiller 487
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 488
"The <command>login</command> program currently performs many functions which"
489
" <application>Linux-PAM</application> modules should now handle.  The "
7156 jlepiller 490
"following <command>sed</command> command will comment out the appropriate "
7165 jlepiller 491
"lines in <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename>, and stop "
492
"<command>login</command> from performing these functions (a backup file "
493
"named <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> is also created to preserve "
494
"the original file's contents). Issue the following commands as the "
495
"<systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
7156 jlepiller 496
msgstr ""
497
"Le programme <command>login</command> effectue actuellement beaucoup de "
498
"fonctions que les modules <application>Linux-PAM</application> devraient "
499
"maintenant gérer. La commande <command>sed</command> suivante va commenter "
500
"les lignes adéquates dans <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename> et empêcher "
7165 jlepiller 501
"<command>login</command> d'effectuer ces fonctions (un fichier de sauvegarde"
502
" appelé <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> est également créé pour "
503
"préserver le contenu du fichier d'origine). Exécutez les commandes suivantes"
504
" en tant qu'utilisateur <systemitem "
505
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 506
 
507
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7304 jlepiller 508
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:296
7156 jlepiller 509
#, no-wrap
510
msgid ""
511
"<userinput>install -v -m644 /etc/login.defs /etc/login.defs.orig &amp;&amp;\n"
512
"for FUNCTION in FAIL_DELAY               \\\n"
513
"                FAILLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
514
"                LASTLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
515
"                MAIL_CHECK_ENAB          \\\n"
516
"                OBSCURE_CHECKS_ENAB      \\\n"
517
"                PORTTIME_CHECKS_ENAB     \\\n"
518
"                QUOTAS_ENAB              \\\n"
519
"                CONSOLE MOTD_FILE        \\\n"
520
"                FTMP_FILE NOLOGINS_FILE  \\\n"
521
"                ENV_HZ PASS_MIN_LEN      \\\n"
522
"                SU_WHEEL_ONLY            \\\n"
523
"                CRACKLIB_DICTPATH        \\\n"
524
"                PASS_CHANGE_TRIES        \\\n"
525
"                PASS_ALWAYS_WARN         \\\n"
526
"                CHFN_AUTH ENCRYPT_METHOD \\\n"
527
"                ENVIRON_FILE\n"
528
"do\n"
529
"    sed -i \"s/^${FUNCTION}/# &amp;/\" /etc/login.defs\n"
530
"done</userinput>"
531
msgstr ""
532
"<userinput>install -v -m644 /etc/login.defs /etc/login.defs.orig &amp;&amp;\n"
533
"for FUNCTION in FAIL_DELAY               \\\n"
534
"                FAILLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
535
"                LASTLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
536
"                MAIL_CHECK_ENAB          \\\n"
537
"                OBSCURE_CHECKS_ENAB      \\\n"
538
"                PORTTIME_CHECKS_ENAB     \\\n"
539
"                QUOTAS_ENAB              \\\n"
540
"                CONSOLE MOTD_FILE        \\\n"
541
"                FTMP_FILE NOLOGINS_FILE  \\\n"
542
"                ENV_HZ PASS_MIN_LEN      \\\n"
543
"                SU_WHEEL_ONLY            \\\n"
544
"                CRACKLIB_DICTPATH        \\\n"
545
"                PASS_CHANGE_TRIES        \\\n"
546
"                PASS_ALWAYS_WARN         \\\n"
547
"                CHFN_AUTH ENCRYPT_METHOD \\\n"
548
"                ENVIRON_FILE\n"
549
"do\n"
550
"    sed -i \"s/^${FUNCTION}/# &amp;/\" /etc/login.defs\n"
551
"done</userinput>"
552
 
553
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7304 jlepiller 554
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:319
7156 jlepiller 555
msgid "Configuring the /etc/pam.d/ Files"
556
msgstr "Configuration des fichiers /etc/pam.d/"
557
 
558
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7304 jlepiller 559
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:322
7156 jlepiller 560
msgid ""
561
"As mentioned previously in the <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
7165 jlepiller 562
"instructions, <application>Linux-PAM</application> has two supported methods"
563
" for configuration. The commands below assume that you've chosen to use a "
7156 jlepiller 564
"directory based configuration, where each program has its own configuration "
565
"file.  You can optionally use a single <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename> "
7165 jlepiller 566
"configuration file by using the text from the files below, and supplying the"
567
" program name as an additional first field for each line."
7156 jlepiller 568
msgstr ""
569
"Comme indiqué précédemment dans les instructions pour <application>Linux-"
570
"PAM</application>, <application>Linux-PAM</application> supporte deux "
571
"méthodes de configuration. Les commandes ci-dessous supposent que vous avez "
572
"choisi d'utiliser une configuration basée sur le répertoire, où chaque "
573
"programme a son propre fichier de configuration. Vous pouvez éventuellement "
7165 jlepiller 574
"utiliser un seul fichier de configuration <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>"
575
" en utilisant le texte de configuration des fichiers ci-dessous, en "
7156 jlepiller 576
"fournissant le nom du programme comme premier champ à chaque ligne."
577
 
578
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7304 jlepiller 579
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:333
7156 jlepiller 580
msgid ""
581
"As the <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user, replace the "
582
"following <application>Linux-PAM</application> configuration files in the "
583
"<filename class=\"directory\">/etc/pam.d/</filename> directory (or add the "
584
"contents to the <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename> file)  using the "
585
"following commands:"
586
msgstr ""
587
"En tant qu'utilisateur <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>, "
7165 jlepiller 588
"remplacez les fichiers de configuration <application>Linux-PAM</application>"
589
" suivants dans le répertoire <filename "
590
"class=\"directory\">/etc/pam.d/</filename> (ou ajoutez le contenu du fichier"
591
" <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>) en utilisant les commandes "
592
"suivantes&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 593
 
594
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7304 jlepiller 595
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:342
7156 jlepiller 596
msgid "'login'"
597
msgstr "'login'"
598
 
599
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7304 jlepiller 600
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:344
7156 jlepiller 601
#, no-wrap
602
msgid ""
603
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/login &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
604
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/login\n"
605
"\n"
606
"# Set failure delay before next prompt to 3 seconds\n"
607
"auth      optional    pam_faildelay.so  delay=3000000\n"
608
"\n"
609
"# Check to make sure that the user is allowed to login\n"
610
"auth      requisite   pam_nologin.so\n"
611
"\n"
612
"# Check to make sure that root is allowed to login\n"
613
"# Disabled by default. You will need to create /etc/securetty\n"
614
"# file for this module to function. See man 5 securetty.\n"
615
"#auth      required    pam_securetty.so\n"
616
"\n"
617
"# Additional group memberships - disabled by default\n"
618
"#auth      optional    pam_group.so\n"
619
"\n"
620
"# include the default auth settings\n"
621
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
622
"\n"
623
"# check access for the user\n"
624
"account   required    pam_access.so\n"
625
"\n"
626
"# include the default account settings\n"
627
"account   include     system-account\n"
628
"\n"
629
"# Set default environment variables for the user\n"
630
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
631
"\n"
632
"# Set resource limits for the user\n"
633
"session   required    pam_limits.so\n"
634
"\n"
635
"# Display date of last login - Disabled by default\n"
636
"#session   optional    pam_lastlog.so\n"
637
"\n"
638
"# Display the message of the day - Disabled by default\n"
639
"#session   optional    pam_motd.so\n"
640
"\n"
641
"# Check user's mail - Disabled by default\n"
642
"#session   optional    pam_mail.so      standard quiet\n"
643
"\n"
644
"# include the default session and password settings\n"
645
"session   include     system-session\n"
646
"password  include     system-password\n"
647
"\n"
648
"# End /etc/pam.d/login</literal>\n"
649
"EOF</userinput>"
650
msgstr ""
651
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/login &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
652
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/login\n"
653
"\n"
654
"# Set failure delay before next prompt to 3 seconds\n"
655
"auth      optional    pam_faildelay.so  delay=3000000\n"
656
"\n"
657
"# Check to make sure that the user is allowed to login\n"
658
"auth      requisite   pam_nologin.so\n"
659
"\n"
660
"# Check to make sure that root is allowed to login\n"
661
"# Disabled by default. You will need to create /etc/securetty\n"
662
"# file for this module to function. See man 5 securetty.\n"
663
"#auth      required    pam_securetty.so\n"
664
"\n"
665
"# Additional group memberships - disabled by default\n"
666
"#auth      optional    pam_group.so\n"
667
"\n"
668
"# include the default auth settings\n"
669
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
670
"\n"
671
"# check access for the user\n"
672
"account   required    pam_access.so\n"
673
"\n"
674
"# include the default account settings\n"
675
"account   include     system-account\n"
676
"\n"
677
"# Set default environment variables for the user\n"
678
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
679
"\n"
680
"# Set resource limits for the user\n"
681
"session   required    pam_limits.so\n"
682
"\n"
683
"# Display date of last login - Disabled by default\n"
684
"#session   optional    pam_lastlog.so\n"
685
"\n"
686
"# Display the message of the day - Disabled by default\n"
687
"#session   optional    pam_motd.so\n"
688
"\n"
689
"# Check user's mail - Disabled by default\n"
690
"#session   optional    pam_mail.so      standard quiet\n"
691
"\n"
692
"# include the default session and password settings\n"
693
"session   include     system-session\n"
694
"password  include     system-password\n"
695
"\n"
696
"# End /etc/pam.d/login</literal>\n"
697
"EOF</userinput>"
698
 
699
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7304 jlepiller 700
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:394
7156 jlepiller 701
msgid "'passwd'"
702
msgstr "'passwd'"
703
 
704
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7304 jlepiller 705
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:396
7156 jlepiller 706
#, no-wrap
707
msgid ""
708
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/passwd &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
709
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/passwd\n"
710
"\n"
711
"password  include     system-password\n"
712
"\n"
713
"# End /etc/pam.d/passwd</literal>\n"
714
"EOF</userinput>"
715
msgstr ""
716
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/passwd &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
717
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/passwd\n"
718
"\n"
719
"password  include     system-password\n"
720
"\n"
721
"# End /etc/pam.d/passwd</literal>\n"
722
"EOF</userinput>"
723
 
724
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7304 jlepiller 725
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:406
7156 jlepiller 726
msgid "'su'"
727
msgstr "'su'"
728
 
729
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7304 jlepiller 730
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:408
7156 jlepiller 731
#, no-wrap
732
msgid ""
733
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/su &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
734
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/su\n"
735
"\n"
736
"# always allow root\n"
737
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
738
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
739
"\n"
740
"# include the default account settings\n"
741
"account   include     system-account\n"
742
"\n"
743
"# Set default environment variables for the service user\n"
744
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
745
"\n"
746
"# include system session defaults\n"
747
"session   include     system-session\n"
748
"\n"
749
"# End /etc/pam.d/su</literal>\n"
750
"EOF</userinput>"
751
msgstr ""
752
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/su &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
753
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/su\n"
754
"\n"
755
"# always allow root\n"
756
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
757
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
758
"\n"
759
"# include the default account settings\n"
760
"account   include     system-account\n"
761
"\n"
762
"# Set default environment variables for the service user\n"
763
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
764
"\n"
765
"# include system session defaults\n"
766
"session   include     system-session\n"
767
"\n"
768
"# End /etc/pam.d/su</literal>\n"
769
"EOF</userinput>"
770
 
771
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7304 jlepiller 772
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:429
7156 jlepiller 773
msgid "'chage'"
774
msgstr "'chage'"
775
 
776
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7304 jlepiller 777
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:431
7165 jlepiller 778
#, no-wrap
7156 jlepiller 779
msgid ""
780
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/chage &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
7164 jlepiller 781
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/chage\n"
7156 jlepiller 782
"\n"
783
"# always allow root\n"
784
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
785
"\n"
786
"# include system defaults for auth account and session\n"
787
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
788
"account   include     system-account\n"
789
"session   include     system-session\n"
790
"\n"
791
"# Always permit for authentication updates\n"
792
"password  required    pam_permit.so\n"
793
"\n"
794
"# End /etc/pam.d/chage</literal>\n"
795
"EOF</userinput>"
796
msgstr ""
797
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/chage &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
7165 jlepiller 798
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/chage\n"
7156 jlepiller 799
"\n"
800
"# always allow root\n"
801
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
802
"\n"
803
"# include system defaults for auth account and session\n"
804
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
805
"account   include     system-account\n"
806
"session   include     system-session\n"
807
"\n"
808
"# Always permit for authentication updates\n"
809
"password  required    pam_permit.so\n"
810
"\n"
811
"# End /etc/pam.d/chage</literal>\n"
812
"EOF</userinput>"
813
 
814
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7304 jlepiller 815
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:450
7156 jlepiller 816
msgid "Other common programs"
817
msgstr "Autres programmes utiles"
818
 
819
#. <title>
820
#. 'chfn', 'chgpasswd', 'chgpasswd', 'chsh', 'groupadd', 'groupdel',
821
#.         'groupmems', 'groupmod', 'newusers', 'useradd', 'userdel' and
822
#.         'usermod'</title>
823
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7304 jlepiller 824
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:455
7156 jlepiller 825
#, no-wrap
826
msgid ""
827
"<userinput>for PROGRAM in chfn chgpasswd chpasswd chsh groupadd groupdel \\\n"
828
"               groupmems groupmod newusers useradd userdel usermod\n"
829
"do\n"
830
"    install -v -m644 /etc/pam.d/chage /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
831
"    sed -i \"s/chage/$PROGRAM/\" /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
832
"done</userinput>"
833
msgstr ""
834
"<userinput>for PROGRAM in chfn chgpasswd chpasswd chsh groupadd groupdel \\\n"
835
"               groupmems groupmod newusers useradd userdel usermod\n"
836
"do\n"
837
"    install -v -m644 /etc/pam.d/chage /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
838
"    sed -i \"s/chage/$PROGRAM/\" /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
839
"done</userinput>"
840
 
7164 jlepiller 841
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7304 jlepiller 842
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:462
7164 jlepiller 843
msgid ""
844
"Because the installation of <application>systemd</application> is not yet "
7165 jlepiller 845
"complete, you will need to remove the <filename>/run/nologin</filename> file"
846
" before testing the installation. Execute the following command as the "
7164 jlepiller 847
"<systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
848
msgstr ""
7175 jlepiller 849
"Comme l'installation de <application>systemd</application> n'est pas encore "
7190 jlepiller 850
"complète, vous devrez supprimer le fichier <filename>/run/nologin</filename>"
851
" avant de tester l'installation. Exécutez la commande suivante en tant "
7175 jlepiller 852
"qu'utilisateur <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7164 jlepiller 853
 
854
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7304 jlepiller 855
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:468
7165 jlepiller 856
#, no-wrap
7164 jlepiller 857
msgid "<userinput>rm -f /run/nologin</userinput>"
7165 jlepiller 858
msgstr "<userinput>rm -f /run/nologin</userinput>"
7164 jlepiller 859
 
7156 jlepiller 860
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><warning><para>
7304 jlepiller 861
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:472
7156 jlepiller 862
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 863
"At this point, you should do a simple test to see if "
864
"<application>Shadow</application> is working as expected. Open another "
865
"terminal and log in as a user, then <command>su</command> to <systemitem "
866
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem>. If you do not see any errors, then all"
867
" is well and you should proceed with the rest of the configuration. If you "
868
"did receive errors, stop now and double check the above configuration files "
869
"manually. You can also run the test suite from the <application>Linux-"
870
"PAM</application> package to assist you in determining the problem. If you "
871
"cannot find and fix the error, you should recompile "
872
"<application>Shadow</application> adding the <option>--without-"
873
"libpam</option> switch to the <command>configure</command> command in the "
874
"above instructions (also move the <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> "
875
"backup file to <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename>). If you fail to do this"
876
" and the errors remain, you will be unable to log into your system."
7156 jlepiller 877
msgstr ""
878
"À cette étape, vous devriez faire un simple test pour voir si "
879
"<application>Shadow</application> fonctionne comme prévu. Ouvrez un autre "
7165 jlepiller 880
"terminal et connectez-vous en tant qu'utilisateur, puis "
881
"<command>su</command> en <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>. "
882
"Si vous ne voyez pas d'erreurs, tout va bien et vous devriez poursuivre le "
883
"reste de la configuration. Si vous avez reçu des erreurs, arrêtez-vous "
884
"maintenant et vérifiez à deux reprises les fichiers de configuration ci-"
885
"dessus à la main. Vous pouvez aussi lancer la suite de tests à partir du "
886
"paquet <application>Linux-PAM</application> pour vous aider à déterminer le "
7156 jlepiller 887
"problème. Si vous n'arrivez pas à trouver et à corriger l'erreur, vous "
888
"devriez recompiler <application>Shadow</application> en ajoutant le "
889
"paramètre <option>--without-libpam</option> à la commande "
7165 jlepiller 890
"<command>configure</command> dans les instructions ci-dessus (déplacez aussi"
891
" le fichier de sauvegarde <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> dans "
892
"<filename>/etc/login.defs</filename>). Si vous n'arrivez pas à faire cela et"
893
" si les erreurs demeurent, vous ne pourrez pas vous connecter à votre "
894
"système."
7156 jlepiller 895
 
896
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7304 jlepiller 897
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:492
7156 jlepiller 898
msgid "Configuring Login Access"
899
msgstr "Configuration de l'accès Login"
900
 
901
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7304 jlepiller 902
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:495
7156 jlepiller 903
msgid ""
904
"Instead of using the <filename>/etc/login.access</filename> file for "
905
"controlling access to the system, <application>Linux-PAM</application> uses "
7165 jlepiller 906
"the <filename class='libraryfile'>pam_access.so</filename> module along with"
907
" the <filename>/etc/security/access.conf</filename> file.  Rename the "
7156 jlepiller 908
"<filename>/etc/login.access</filename> file using the following command:"
909
msgstr ""
910
"Au lieu d'utiliser le fichier <filename>/etc/login.access</filename> pour "
911
"contrôler l'accès au système, <application>Linux-PAM</application> utilise "
912
"le module <filename class='libraryfile'>pam_access.so</filename> ainsi que "
913
"le fichier <filename>/etc/security/access.conf</filename>. Renommez le "
914
"fichier <filename>/etc/login.access</filename> en utilisant la commande "
915
"suivante&nbsp;:"
916
 
917
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><indexterm><primary>
7304 jlepiller 918
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:504
7156 jlepiller 919
msgid "/etc/security/access.conf"
920
msgstr "/etc/security/access.conf"
921
 
922
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7304 jlepiller 923
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:507
7156 jlepiller 924
#, no-wrap
7165 jlepiller 925
msgid ""
926
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/login.access ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
927
"/etc/login.access{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
928
msgstr ""
929
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/login.access ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
930
"/etc/login.access{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
7156 jlepiller 931
 
932
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7304 jlepiller 933
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:511
7156 jlepiller 934
msgid "Configuring Resource Limits"
935
msgstr "Configuration des limitations de ressources"
936
 
937
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7304 jlepiller 938
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:514
7156 jlepiller 939
msgid ""
940
"Instead of using the <filename>/etc/limits</filename> file for limiting "
941
"usage of system resources, <application>Linux-PAM</application> uses the "
7165 jlepiller 942
"<filename class='libraryfile'>pam_limits.so</filename> module along with the"
943
" <filename>/etc/security/limits.conf</filename> file. Rename the "
944
"<filename>/etc/limits</filename> file using the following command:"
7156 jlepiller 945
msgstr ""
946
"Au lieu d'utiliser le fichier <filename>/etc/limits</filename> pour limiter "
947
"l'utilisation des ressources système, <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
948
"utilise le module <filename class='libraryfile'>pam_limits.so</filename> "
949
"ainsi que le fichier <filename>/etc/security/limits.conf</filename>. "
950
"Renommez le fichier <filename>/etc/limits</filename> en utilisant la "
951
"commande suivante&nbsp;:"
952
 
953
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><indexterm><primary>
7304 jlepiller 954
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:523
7156 jlepiller 955
msgid "/etc/security/limits.conf"
956
msgstr "/etc/security/limits.conf"
957
 
958
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7304 jlepiller 959
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:526
7156 jlepiller 960
#, no-wrap
7165 jlepiller 961
msgid ""
962
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/limits ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
963
"/etc/limits{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
964
msgstr ""
965
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/limits ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
966
"/etc/limits{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
7156 jlepiller 967
 
968
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><caution><para>
7304 jlepiller 969
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:528
7156 jlepiller 970
msgid ""
971
"Be sure to test the login capabilities of the system before logging out.  "
7164 jlepiller 972
"Errors in the configuration can cause a permanent lockout requiring a boot "
7156 jlepiller 973
"from an external source to correct the problem."
974
msgstr ""
7175 jlepiller 975
"Soyez certain de tester le login sur le système avant de le quitter. Des "
976
"erreurs dans la configuration peuvent causer un blocage permanent demandant "
977
"un démarrage depuis une source externe pour corriger le problème."
7156 jlepiller 978
 
979
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7304 jlepiller 980
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:539
7156 jlepiller 981
msgid "Contents"
982
msgstr "Contenu"
983
 
984
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7304 jlepiller 985
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:542
7156 jlepiller 986
msgid ""
987
"A list of the installed files, along with their short descriptions can be "
7165 jlepiller 988
"found at <phrase revision=\"sysv\"> <ulink url=\"&lfs-"
989
"root;/chapter06/shadow.html#contents-shadow\"/></phrase> <phrase "
990
"revision=\"systemd\"> <ulink url=\"&lfs-rootd;/chapter06/shadow.html"
991
"#contents-shadow\"/></phrase>."
7156 jlepiller 992
msgstr ""
993
"Vous pouvez trouver une liste des fichiers installés ainsi que leurs "
7175 jlepiller 994
"descriptions courtes sur <phrase revision=\"sysv\"><ulink url=\"&lfs-"
7190 jlepiller 995
"root;/chapter06/shadow.html#contents-shadow\"/></phrase><phrase "
996
"revision=\"systemd\"><ulink url=\"&lfs-rootd;/chapter06/shadow.html"
997
"#contents-shadow\"/></phrase>."
7228 jlepiller 998
 
7280 jlepiller 999
#~ msgid "c06f8c2571b44899e60662f9ad259dd6"
1000
#~ msgstr "c06f8c2571b44899e60662f9ad259dd6"
1001
 
1002
#~ msgid ""
1003
#~ "<command>sed -i -e '/snprintf/s@_msg,@_msg, 256,@' src/su.c</command>: Fix a"
1004
#~ " build error that only occurs if <xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> is detected "
1005
#~ "by <command>configure</command>."
1006
#~ msgstr ""
1007
#~ "<command>sed -i -e '/snprintf/s@_msg,@_msg, 256,@' src/su.c</command>&nbsp;:"
1008
#~ " Corrige une erreur de construction qui n'arrive que si <xref linkend"
1009
#~ "=\"linux-pam\"/> est détecté par <command>configure</command>."
1010
 
1011
#~ msgid ""
1012
#~ "<command>sed -i '47 d' -e '60,65 d' libmisc/myname.c</command>: Apply a "
1013
#~ "security fix from upstream."
1014
#~ msgstr ""
1015
#~ "<command>sed -i '47 d' -e '60,65 d' libmisc/myname.c</command>&nbsp;: "
1016
#~ "Applique un correctif de sécurité amont."
1017
 
1018
#~ msgid ""
1019
#~ "<command>echo '--- ...</command>: This command illustrates another way to "
1020
#~ "apply patches. Without the patch, <command>useradd</command> does not use "
1021
#~ "the defaults in <filename>/etc/default/useradd</filename>."
1022
#~ msgstr ""
1023
#~ "<command>echo '--- ...</command>&nbsp;: Cette commande illustre une autre "
1024
#~ "façon d'appliquer des correctifs. Sans le correctif, "
1025
#~ "<command>useradd</command> n'utilise pas les valeurs par défaut dans "
1026
#~ "<filename>/etc/default/useradd</filename>."
1027
 
7228 jlepiller 1028
#~ msgid "2bfafe7d4962682d31b5eba65dba4fc8"
1029
#~ msgstr "2bfafe7d4962682d31b5eba65dba4fc8"
1030
 
1031
#~ msgid "1.5 MB"
7233 jlepiller 1032
#~ msgstr "1.5 Mo"
7228 jlepiller 1033
 
1034
#~ msgid "53 MB"
7233 jlepiller 1035
#~ msgstr "53 Mo"