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7156 jlepiller 1
# SOME DESCRIPTIVE TITLE
2
# Copyright (C) YEAR Free Software Foundation, Inc.
3
# This file is distributed under the same license as the PACKAGE package.
4
# FIRST AUTHOR <EMAIL@ADDRESS>, YEAR.
5
#
6
msgid ""
7
msgstr ""
8
"Project-Id-Version: PACKAGE VERSION\n"
9
"POT-Creation-Date: 2016-08-09 15:54+0200\n"
7234 jlepiller 10
"PO-Revision-Date: 2017-02-20 12:03+0000\n"
11
"Last-Translator: myou <myou72@orange.fr>\n"
7156 jlepiller 12
"Language-Team: LANGUAGE <LL@li.org>\n"
7257 jlepiller 13
"Language: fr\n"
7156 jlepiller 14
"MIME-Version: 1.0\n"
15
"Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8\n"
16
"Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit\n"
17
"Plural-Forms: nplurals=2; plural=(n > 1);\n"
7228 jlepiller 18
"X-Generator: Pootle 2.8\n"
7234 jlepiller 19
"X-POOTLE-MTIME: 1487592201.357409\n"
7156 jlepiller 20
 
21
#. type: Content of the shadow-download-http entity
22
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:7
23
msgid ""
7228 jlepiller 24
"https://github.com/shadow-maint/shadow/releases/download/&shadow-"
25
"version;/shadow-&shadow-version;.tar.xz"
7156 jlepiller 26
msgstr ""
7228 jlepiller 27
"https://github.com/shadow-maint/shadow/releases/download/&shadow-"
28
"version;/shadow-&shadow-version;.tar.xz"
7156 jlepiller 29
 
30
#. type: Content of the shadow-md5sum entity
31
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:9
7280 jlepiller 32
msgid "c350da50c2120de6bb29177699d89fe3"
33
msgstr "c350da50c2120de6bb29177699d89fe3"
7156 jlepiller 34
 
35
#. type: Content of the shadow-size entity
36
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:10
7228 jlepiller 37
msgid "1.6 MB"
38
msgstr "1.6 Mo"
7156 jlepiller 39
 
40
#. type: Content of the shadow-buildsize entity
41
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:11
7228 jlepiller 42
msgid "31 MB"
43
msgstr "31 Mo"
7156 jlepiller 44
 
45
#. type: Content of the shadow-time entity
46
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:12
47
msgid "0.2 SBU"
48
msgstr "0.2 SBU"
49
 
50
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect1info>
51
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:19
7257 jlepiller 52
#| msgid ""
53
#| "<othername>$LastChangedBy: bdubbs $</othername> <date>$Date: 2017-02-19 "
7280 jlepiller 54
#| "22:24:01 +0000 (Sun, 19 Feb 2017) $</date>"
7156 jlepiller 55
msgid ""
7280 jlepiller 56
"<othername>$LastChangedBy: bdubbs $</othername> <date>$Date: 2017-05-19 "
57
"01:27:09 +0000 (Fri, 19 May 2017) $</date>"
7156 jlepiller 58
msgstr ""
7280 jlepiller 59
"<othername>$LastChangedBy: bdubbs $</othername> <date>$Date: 2017-05-19 "
60
"01:27:09 +0000 (Fri, 19 May 2017) $</date>"
7156 jlepiller 61
 
62
#. type: Content of: <sect1><title>
63
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:23
64
msgid "Shadow-&shadow-version;"
65
msgstr "Shadow-&shadow-version;"
66
 
67
#. type: Content of: <sect1><indexterm><primary>
68
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:26
69
msgid "Shadow"
70
msgstr "Shadow"
71
 
72
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
73
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:30
74
msgid "Introduction to Shadow"
75
msgstr "Introduction à Shadow"
76
 
77
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
78
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:33
79
msgid ""
80
"<application>Shadow</application> was indeed installed in LFS and there is "
7165 jlepiller 81
"no reason to reinstall it unless you installed "
82
"<application>CrackLib</application> or <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
83
"after your LFS system was completed.  If you have installed "
84
"<application>CrackLib</application> after LFS, then reinstalling "
85
"<application>Shadow</application> will enable strong password support. If "
86
"you have installed <application>Linux-PAM</application>, reinstalling "
87
"<application>Shadow</application> will allow programs such as "
88
"<command>login</command> and <command>su</command> to utilize PAM."
7156 jlepiller 89
msgstr ""
90
"<application>Shadow</application> a effectivement été installé dans LFS et "
91
"il n'y a aucune raison pour le réinstaller, sauf si vous avez installé "
92
"<application>CrackLib</application> ou <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
93
"après que votre système LFS ai été terminé. Si vous avez installé "
94
"<application>CrackLib</application> après LFS, la réinstallation de "
95
"<application>Shadow</application> activera le support des mots de passe "
96
"renforcés. Si vous avez installé <application>Linux-PAM</application>, la "
97
"réinstallation de <application>Shadow</application> permettra à des "
98
"programmes tels que <command>login</command> et <command>su</command> "
99
"d'utiliser PAM."
100
 
101
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><bridgehead>
7280 jlepiller 102
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:47
7156 jlepiller 103
msgid "Package Information"
104
msgstr "Informations sur le paquet"
105
 
106
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7280 jlepiller 107
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:51
7156 jlepiller 108
msgid "Download (HTTP): <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-http;\"/>"
109
msgstr "Téléchargement (HTTP)&nbsp;: <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-http;\"/>"
110
 
111
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7280 jlepiller 112
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:56
7156 jlepiller 113
msgid "Download (FTP): <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-ftp;\"/>"
114
msgstr "Téléchargement (FTP)&nbsp;: <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-ftp;\"/>"
115
 
116
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7280 jlepiller 117
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:61
7156 jlepiller 118
msgid "Download MD5 sum: &shadow-md5sum;"
119
msgstr "Somme de contrôle MD5 du téléchargement&nbsp;: &shadow-md5sum;"
120
 
121
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7280 jlepiller 122
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:66
7156 jlepiller 123
msgid "Download size: &shadow-size;"
124
msgstr "Taille du téléchargement&nbsp;: &shadow-size;"
125
 
126
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7280 jlepiller 127
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:71
7156 jlepiller 128
msgid "Estimated disk space required: &shadow-buildsize;"
129
msgstr "Estimation de l'espace disque requis&nbsp;: &shadow-buildsize;"
130
 
131
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7280 jlepiller 132
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:76
7156 jlepiller 133
msgid "Estimated build time: &shadow-time;"
134
msgstr "Estimation du temps de construction&nbsp;: &shadow-time;"
135
 
136
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><bridgehead>
7280 jlepiller 137
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:81
7156 jlepiller 138
msgid "Shadow Dependencies"
139
msgstr "Dépendances de Shadow"
140
 
141
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><bridgehead>
7280 jlepiller 142
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:83
7156 jlepiller 143
msgid "Required"
144
msgstr "Requises"
145
 
146
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7280 jlepiller 147
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:85
7156 jlepiller 148
msgid "<xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> or <xref linkend=\"cracklib\"/>"
149
msgstr "<xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> ou <xref linkend=\"cracklib\"/>"
150
 
151
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7280 jlepiller 152
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:90
7156 jlepiller 153
msgid "User Notes: <ulink url=\"&blfs-wiki;/shadow\"/>"
154
msgstr "Notes utilisateur&nbsp;: <ulink url=\"&blfs-wiki;/shadow\"/>"
155
 
156
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7280 jlepiller 157
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:95
7156 jlepiller 158
msgid "Installation of Shadow"
159
msgstr "Installation de Shadow"
160
 
161
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><important><para>
7280 jlepiller 162
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:99
7156 jlepiller 163
msgid ""
164
"The installation commands shown below are for installations where "
165
"<application>Linux-PAM</application> has been installed (with or without a "
7165 jlepiller 166
"<application>CrackLib</application> installation) and "
167
"<application>Shadow</application> is being reinstalled to support the "
168
"<application>Linux-PAM</application> installation."
7156 jlepiller 169
msgstr ""
170
"Les commandes d'installation indiquées ci-dessous valent pour les "
7165 jlepiller 171
"installations où on a installé <application>Linux-PAM</application> (avec ou"
172
" sans installation de <application>CrackLib</application>) et "
7156 jlepiller 173
"<application>Shadow</application> devra être réinstallé pour supporter "
174
"l'installation de <application>Linux-PAM</application>."
175
 
176
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><important><para>
7280 jlepiller 177
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:107
7156 jlepiller 178
msgid ""
179
"If you are reinstalling <application>Shadow</application> to provide strong "
180
"password support using the <application>CrackLib</application> library "
181
"without using <application>Linux-PAM</application>, ensure you add the "
7165 jlepiller 182
"<parameter>--with-libcrack</parameter> parameter to the "
183
"<command>configure</command> script below and also issue the following "
184
"command:"
7156 jlepiller 185
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 186
"Si vous réinstallez <application>Shadow</application> pour offrir le support"
187
" des mots de passe forts en utilisant la bibliothèque "
188
"<application>CrackLib</application> sans utiliser <application>Linux-"
189
"PAM</application>, assurez-vous d'ajouter le paramètre <parameter>--with-"
190
"libcrack</parameter> au script <command>configure</command> ci-dessous et "
191
"lancez aussi la commande suivante&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 192
 
193
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><important><screen>
7280 jlepiller 194
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:115
7156 jlepiller 195
#, no-wrap
7165 jlepiller 196
msgid ""
197
"<userinput>sed -i 's@DICTPATH.*@DICTPATH\\t/lib/cracklib/pw_dict@' "
198
"etc/login.defs</userinput>"
199
msgstr ""
200
"<userinput>sed -i 's@DICTPATH.*@DICTPATH\\t/lib/cracklib/pw_dict@' "
201
"etc/login.defs</userinput>"
7156 jlepiller 202
 
203
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7280 jlepiller 204
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:119
7156 jlepiller 205
msgid ""
206
"Reinstall <application>Shadow</application> by running the following "
207
"commands:"
208
msgstr ""
209
"Réinstallez <application>Shadow</application> en lançant les commandes "
210
"suivantes&nbsp;:"
211
 
212
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><screen>
7280 jlepiller 213
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:123
7156 jlepiller 214
#, no-wrap
7280 jlepiller 215
#| msgid ""
216
#| "<userinput>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in &amp;&amp;\n"
217
#| "\n"
218
#| "find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/groups\\.1 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
219
#| "find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/getspnam\\.3 / /' {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
220
#| "find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/passwd\\.5 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
221
#| "\n"
222
#| "sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' \\\n"
223
#| "       -e 's@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs &amp;&amp;\n"
224
#| "\n"
225
#| "sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd                           &amp;&amp;\n"
226
#| "sed -i -e '/snprintf/s@_msg,@_msg, 256,@' src/su.c         &amp;&amp;\n"
227
#| "sed -i -e '47 d' -e '60,65 d'             libmisc/myname.c &amp;&amp;\n"
228
#| "\n"
229
#| "echo '--- src/useradd.c   (old)\n"
230
#| "+++ src/useradd.c   (new)\n"
231
#| "@@ -2027,6 +2027,8 @@\n"
232
#| "        is_shadow_grp = sgr_file_present ();\n"
233
#| " #endif\n"
234
#| " \n"
235
#| "+       get_defaults ();\n"
236
#| "+\n"
237
#| "        process_flags (argc, argv);\n"
238
#| " \n"
239
#| " #ifdef ENABLE_SUBIDS\n"
240
#| "@@ -2036,8 +2038,6 @@\n"
241
#| "            (!user_id || (user_id &lt;= uid_max &amp;&amp; user_id &gt;= uid_min));\n"
242
#| " #endif                         /* ENABLE_SUBIDS */\n"
243
#| " \n"
244
#| "-       get_defaults ();\n"
245
#| "-\n"
246
#| " #ifdef ACCT_TOOLS_SETUID\n"
247
#| " #ifdef USE_PAM\n"
248
#| "        {' | patch -p0 -l &amp;&amp;\n"
249
#| "\n"
250
#| "./configure --sysconfdir=/etc --with-group-name-max-length=32 &amp;&amp;\n"
251
#| "make</userinput>"
7156 jlepiller 252
msgid ""
253
"<userinput>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in &amp;&amp;\n"
7228 jlepiller 254
"\n"
255
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/groups\\.1 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 256
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/getspnam\\.3 / /' {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
257
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/passwd\\.5 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
258
"\n"
259
"sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' \\\n"
260
"       -e 's@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs &amp;&amp;\n"
261
"\n"
7228 jlepiller 262
"sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd                           &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 263
"\n"
264
"./configure --sysconfdir=/etc --with-group-name-max-length=32 &amp;&amp;\n"
265
"make</userinput>"
266
msgstr ""
267
"<userinput>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in &amp;&amp;\n"
7228 jlepiller 268
"\n"
269
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/groups\\.1 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 270
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/getspnam\\.3 / /' {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
271
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/passwd\\.5 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
272
"\n"
273
"sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' \\\n"
274
"       -e 's@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs &amp;&amp;\n"
275
"\n"
7228 jlepiller 276
"sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd                           &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 277
"\n"
278
"./configure --sysconfdir=/etc --with-group-name-max-length=32 &amp;&amp;\n"
279
"make</userinput>"
280
 
281
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7280 jlepiller 282
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:138
7156 jlepiller 283
msgid "This package does not come with a test suite."
284
msgstr "Ce paquet n'est pas fourni avec une suite de tests."
285
 
286
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7280 jlepiller 287
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:142
7156 jlepiller 288
msgid "Now, as the <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
289
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 290
"Maintenant, en tant qu'utilisateur <systemitem "
291
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 292
 
293
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><screen>
7280 jlepiller 294
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:145
7156 jlepiller 295
#, no-wrap
296
msgid ""
297
"<userinput>make install &amp;&amp;\n"
298
"mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</userinput>"
299
msgstr ""
300
"<userinput>make install &amp;&amp;\n"
301
"mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</userinput>"
302
 
303
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7280 jlepiller 304
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:150
7156 jlepiller 305
msgid "Command Explanations"
306
msgstr "Explication des commandes"
307
 
308
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7280 jlepiller 309
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:153
7156 jlepiller 310
msgid ""
311
"<command>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in</command>: This sed "
312
"is used to suppress the installation of the <command>groups</command> "
7165 jlepiller 313
"program as the version from the <application>Coreutils</application> package"
314
" installed during LFS is preferred."
7156 jlepiller 315
msgstr ""
316
"<command>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in</command>&nbsp;: "
317
"Cette commande est utilisée pour supprimer l'installation du programme "
318
"<command>groups</command> vu qu'on préfère la version issue du paquet "
319
"<application>Coreutils</application> installé avec LFS."
320
 
321
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7280 jlepiller 322
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:160
7156 jlepiller 323
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 324
"<command>find man -name Makefile.in -exec ... {} \\;</command>: This command"
325
" is used to suppress the installation of the <command>groups</command> man "
326
"pages so the existing ones installed from the "
327
"<application>Coreutils</application> package are not replaced."
7156 jlepiller 328
msgstr ""
7184 jlepiller 329
"<command>find man -name Makefile.in -exec ... {} \\;</command>&nbsp;: Cette "
7156 jlepiller 330
"commande est utilisée pour supprimer l'installation des pages de manuel "
7216 jlepiller 331
"<command>groups</command> pour que celles existantes et issues du paquet "
7156 jlepiller 332
"<application>Coreutils</application> ne soient pas remplacées."
333
 
334
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7280 jlepiller 335
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:167
7156 jlepiller 336
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 337
"<command>sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' -e "
338
"'s@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs</command>: Instead of using "
339
"the default 'DES' method, this command modifies the installation to use the "
340
"more secure 'SHA512' method of hashing passwords, which also allows "
341
"passwords longer than eight characters. It also changes the obsolete "
342
"<filename class=\"directory\">/var/spool/mail</filename> location for user "
343
"mailboxes that <application>Shadow</application> uses by default to the "
344
"<filename class=\"directory\">/var/mail</filename> location."
7156 jlepiller 345
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 346
"<command>sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' -e "
347
"'s@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs</command>&nbsp;: Au lieu "
348
"d'utiliser la méthode 'DES' par défaut, cette commande modifie "
7216 jlepiller 349
"l'installation pour utiliser la méthode plus sécurisée de hashage des mots "
350
"de passe 'SHA512', qui autorise aussi les mots de passe d'une longueur "
351
"supérieure à huit caractères. Elle modifie aussi l'emplacement <filename "
352
"class=\"directory\">/var/spool/mail</filename> obsolète pour les boîtes aux "
353
"lettres utilisateur qu'utilise <application>Shadow</application> par défaut "
354
"en <filename class=\"directory\">/var/mail</filename>."
7156 jlepiller 355
 
356
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7280 jlepiller 357
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:178
7156 jlepiller 358
msgid ""
359
"<command>sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd</command>: Make a minor change to "
360
"make the default useradd consistent with the LFS groups file."
361
msgstr ""
362
"<command>sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd</command>&nbsp;: Fait une "
7216 jlepiller 363
"modification mineure pour faire que l'ajout de l'utilisateur par défaut soit"
364
" cohérent avec le fichier groups de LFS."
7156 jlepiller 365
 
366
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7280 jlepiller 367
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:183
7156 jlepiller 368
msgid ""
7190 jlepiller 369
"<parameter>--with-group-name-max-length=32</parameter>: The maximum user "
370
"name is 32 characters. Make the maximum group name the same."
7156 jlepiller 371
msgstr ""
7196 jlepiller 372
"<parameter>--with-group-name-max-length=32</parameter>&nbsp;: Le nom "
7197 jlepiller 373
"d'utilisateur utilise au maximum 32 caractères. Faites la même chose pour le"
374
" nom du groupe."
7156 jlepiller 375
 
376
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7280 jlepiller 377
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:188
7156 jlepiller 378
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 379
"<command>mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</command>: The <command>passwd</command>"
380
" program may be needed during times when the <filename "
381
"class='directory'>/usr</filename> filesystem is not mounted so it is moved "
382
"into the root partition."
7156 jlepiller 383
msgstr ""
384
"<command>mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</command>&nbsp;: Le programme "
385
"<command>passwd</command> peut être nécessaire aux moments où le système de "
386
"fichiers <filename class='directory'>/usr</filename> n'est pas monté pour "
387
"qu'il soit déplacé dans la partition racine. "
388
 
389
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7280 jlepiller 390
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:196
7156 jlepiller 391
msgid "Configuring Shadow"
392
msgstr "Configuration de Shadow"
393
 
394
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7280 jlepiller 395
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:199
7156 jlepiller 396
msgid ""
397
"<application>Shadow</application>'s stock configuration for the "
398
"<command>useradd</command> utility may not be desirable for your "
399
"installation. One default parameter causes <command>useradd</command> to "
7165 jlepiller 400
"create a mailbox file for any newly created user.  "
401
"<command>useradd</command> will make the group ownership of this file to the"
402
" <systemitem class=\"groupname\">mail</systemitem> group with 0660 "
403
"permissions. If you would prefer that these mailbox files are not created by"
404
" <command>useradd</command>, issue the following command as the <systemitem "
405
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
7156 jlepiller 406
msgstr ""
407
"La configuration par défaut de <application>Shadow</application> pour "
408
"l'outil <command>useradd</command> peut ne pas être désirable pour votre "
409
"installation. Un paramètre par défaut a pour conséquence que "
410
"<command>useradd</command> crée un fichier de boîte aux lettres pour chaque "
411
"nouvel utilisateur créé. <command>useradd</command> donnera l'appartenance "
7165 jlepiller 412
"de groupe de ce fichier au groupe <systemitem "
413
"class=\"groupname\">mail</systemitem> avec les droits 0660. Si vous "
7216 jlepiller 414
"préférerez que ces fichiers boîtes aux lettres ne soient pas créés par "
7165 jlepiller 415
"<command>useradd</command>, lancez la commande suivante en tant "
416
"qu'utilisateur <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 417
 
418
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><screen>
7280 jlepiller 419
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:210
7156 jlepiller 420
#, no-wrap
421
msgid "<userinput>sed -i 's/yes/no/' /etc/default/useradd</userinput>"
422
msgstr "<userinput>sed -i 's/yes/no/' /etc/default/useradd</userinput>"
423
 
424
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7280 jlepiller 425
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:214
7156 jlepiller 426
msgid "Configuring Linux-PAM to Work with Shadow"
427
msgstr "Configuration de Linux-PAM pour fonctionner avec Shadow"
428
 
429
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><note><para>
7280 jlepiller 430
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:218
7156 jlepiller 431
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 432
"The rest of this page is devoted to configuring "
433
"<application>Shadow</application> to work properly with <application>Linux-"
434
"PAM</application>. If you do not have <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
435
"installed, and you reinstalled <application>Shadow</application> to support "
436
"strong passwords via the <application>CrackLib</application> library, no "
437
"further configuration is required."
7156 jlepiller 438
msgstr ""
439
"Le reste de cette page est consacré à la configuration de "
440
"<application>Shadow</application> pour fonctionner correctement avec "
441
"<application>Linux-PAM</application>. Si vous n'avez pas installé "
442
"<application>Linux-PAM</application> et si vous avez réinstallé "
7165 jlepiller 443
"<application>Shadow</application> pour supporter les mots de passe forts via"
444
" la bibliothèque <application>CrackLib</application>, aucune configuration "
7156 jlepiller 445
"supplémentaire n'est nécessaire."
446
 
447
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><title>
7280 jlepiller 448
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:229
7156 jlepiller 449
msgid "Config Files"
450
msgstr "Fichiers de configuration"
451
 
452
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><para>
7280 jlepiller 453
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:232
7156 jlepiller 454
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 455
"<filename>/etc/pam.d/*</filename> or alternatively "
456
"<filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>, <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename> and"
457
" <filename>/etc/security/*</filename>"
7156 jlepiller 458
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 459
"<filename>/etc/pam.d/*</filename> or alternatively "
460
"<filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>, <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename> et "
461
"<filename>/etc/security/*</filename>"
7156 jlepiller 462
 
463
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><indexterm><primary>
7280 jlepiller 464
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:239
7156 jlepiller 465
msgid "/etc/pam.d/*"
466
msgstr "/etc/pam.d/*"
467
 
468
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><indexterm><primary>
7280 jlepiller 469
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:243
7156 jlepiller 470
msgid "/etc/pam.conf"
471
msgstr "/etc/pam.conf"
472
 
473
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><indexterm><primary>
7280 jlepiller 474
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:247
475
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:294
7156 jlepiller 476
msgid "/etc/login.defs"
477
msgstr "/etc/login.defs"
478
 
479
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><indexterm><primary>
7280 jlepiller 480
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:251
7156 jlepiller 481
msgid "/etc/security/*"
482
msgstr "/etc/security/*"
483
 
484
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><title>
7280 jlepiller 485
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:256
7156 jlepiller 486
msgid "Configuration Information"
487
msgstr "Informations de configuration"
488
 
489
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><para>
7280 jlepiller 490
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:259
7156 jlepiller 491
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 492
"Configuring your system to use <application>Linux-PAM</application> can be a"
493
" complex task. The information below will provide a basic setup so that "
7156 jlepiller 494
"<application>Shadow</application>'s login and password functionality will "
495
"work effectively with <application>Linux-PAM</application>. Review the "
496
"information and links on the <xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> page for further "
497
"configuration information. For information specific to integrating "
498
"<application>Shadow</application>, <application>Linux-PAM</application> and "
499
"<application>CrackLib</application>, you can visit the following link:"
500
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 501
"La configuration de votre système pour utiliser <application>Linux-"
502
"PAM</application> peut être une tâche complexe. Les informations ci-dessous "
503
"fourniront un paramétrage de base pour que la fonctionnalité de connexion et"
504
" de mot de passe de <application>Shadow</application> fonctionne bien avec "
505
"<application>Linux-PAM</application>. Regardez les informations et les liens"
506
" sur la page <xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> pour des informations de "
7156 jlepiller 507
"configuration supplémentaires. Pour des informations spécifiques à "
7165 jlepiller 508
"l'intégration de <application>Shadow</application>, <application>Linux-"
509
"PAM</application> et <application>CrackLib</application>, vous pouvez "
510
"visiter les liens suivants&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 511
 
512
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7280 jlepiller 513
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:274
7165 jlepiller 514
msgid "<ulink url=\"http://www.deer-run.com/~hal/sysadmin/pam_cracklib.html\"/>"
515
msgstr "<ulink url=\"http://www.deer-run.com/~hal/sysadmin/pam_cracklib.html\"/>"
7156 jlepiller 516
 
517
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7280 jlepiller 518
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:280
7156 jlepiller 519
msgid "Configuring /etc/login.defs"
520
msgstr "Configuration de /etc/login.defs"
521
 
522
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7280 jlepiller 523
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:283
7156 jlepiller 524
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 525
"The <command>login</command> program currently performs many functions which"
526
" <application>Linux-PAM</application> modules should now handle.  The "
7156 jlepiller 527
"following <command>sed</command> command will comment out the appropriate "
7165 jlepiller 528
"lines in <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename>, and stop "
529
"<command>login</command> from performing these functions (a backup file "
530
"named <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> is also created to preserve "
531
"the original file's contents). Issue the following commands as the "
532
"<systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
7156 jlepiller 533
msgstr ""
534
"Le programme <command>login</command> effectue actuellement beaucoup de "
535
"fonctions que les modules <application>Linux-PAM</application> devraient "
536
"maintenant gérer. La commande <command>sed</command> suivante va commenter "
537
"les lignes adéquates dans <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename> et empêcher "
7165 jlepiller 538
"<command>login</command> d'effectuer ces fonctions (un fichier de sauvegarde"
539
" appelé <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> est également créé pour "
540
"préserver le contenu du fichier d'origine). Exécutez les commandes suivantes"
541
" en tant qu'utilisateur <systemitem "
542
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 543
 
544
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7280 jlepiller 545
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:297
7156 jlepiller 546
#, no-wrap
547
msgid ""
548
"<userinput>install -v -m644 /etc/login.defs /etc/login.defs.orig &amp;&amp;\n"
549
"for FUNCTION in FAIL_DELAY               \\\n"
550
"                FAILLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
551
"                LASTLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
552
"                MAIL_CHECK_ENAB          \\\n"
553
"                OBSCURE_CHECKS_ENAB      \\\n"
554
"                PORTTIME_CHECKS_ENAB     \\\n"
555
"                QUOTAS_ENAB              \\\n"
556
"                CONSOLE MOTD_FILE        \\\n"
557
"                FTMP_FILE NOLOGINS_FILE  \\\n"
558
"                ENV_HZ PASS_MIN_LEN      \\\n"
559
"                SU_WHEEL_ONLY            \\\n"
560
"                CRACKLIB_DICTPATH        \\\n"
561
"                PASS_CHANGE_TRIES        \\\n"
562
"                PASS_ALWAYS_WARN         \\\n"
563
"                CHFN_AUTH ENCRYPT_METHOD \\\n"
564
"                ENVIRON_FILE\n"
565
"do\n"
566
"    sed -i \"s/^${FUNCTION}/# &amp;/\" /etc/login.defs\n"
567
"done</userinput>"
568
msgstr ""
569
"<userinput>install -v -m644 /etc/login.defs /etc/login.defs.orig &amp;&amp;\n"
570
"for FUNCTION in FAIL_DELAY               \\\n"
571
"                FAILLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
572
"                LASTLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
573
"                MAIL_CHECK_ENAB          \\\n"
574
"                OBSCURE_CHECKS_ENAB      \\\n"
575
"                PORTTIME_CHECKS_ENAB     \\\n"
576
"                QUOTAS_ENAB              \\\n"
577
"                CONSOLE MOTD_FILE        \\\n"
578
"                FTMP_FILE NOLOGINS_FILE  \\\n"
579
"                ENV_HZ PASS_MIN_LEN      \\\n"
580
"                SU_WHEEL_ONLY            \\\n"
581
"                CRACKLIB_DICTPATH        \\\n"
582
"                PASS_CHANGE_TRIES        \\\n"
583
"                PASS_ALWAYS_WARN         \\\n"
584
"                CHFN_AUTH ENCRYPT_METHOD \\\n"
585
"                ENVIRON_FILE\n"
586
"do\n"
587
"    sed -i \"s/^${FUNCTION}/# &amp;/\" /etc/login.defs\n"
588
"done</userinput>"
589
 
590
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7280 jlepiller 591
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:320
7156 jlepiller 592
msgid "Configuring the /etc/pam.d/ Files"
593
msgstr "Configuration des fichiers /etc/pam.d/"
594
 
595
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7280 jlepiller 596
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:323
7156 jlepiller 597
msgid ""
598
"As mentioned previously in the <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
7165 jlepiller 599
"instructions, <application>Linux-PAM</application> has two supported methods"
600
" for configuration. The commands below assume that you've chosen to use a "
7156 jlepiller 601
"directory based configuration, where each program has its own configuration "
602
"file.  You can optionally use a single <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename> "
7165 jlepiller 603
"configuration file by using the text from the files below, and supplying the"
604
" program name as an additional first field for each line."
7156 jlepiller 605
msgstr ""
606
"Comme indiqué précédemment dans les instructions pour <application>Linux-"
607
"PAM</application>, <application>Linux-PAM</application> supporte deux "
608
"méthodes de configuration. Les commandes ci-dessous supposent que vous avez "
609
"choisi d'utiliser une configuration basée sur le répertoire, où chaque "
610
"programme a son propre fichier de configuration. Vous pouvez éventuellement "
7165 jlepiller 611
"utiliser un seul fichier de configuration <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>"
612
" en utilisant le texte de configuration des fichiers ci-dessous, en "
7156 jlepiller 613
"fournissant le nom du programme comme premier champ à chaque ligne."
614
 
615
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7280 jlepiller 616
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:334
7156 jlepiller 617
msgid ""
618
"As the <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user, replace the "
619
"following <application>Linux-PAM</application> configuration files in the "
620
"<filename class=\"directory\">/etc/pam.d/</filename> directory (or add the "
621
"contents to the <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename> file)  using the "
622
"following commands:"
623
msgstr ""
624
"En tant qu'utilisateur <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>, "
7165 jlepiller 625
"remplacez les fichiers de configuration <application>Linux-PAM</application>"
626
" suivants dans le répertoire <filename "
627
"class=\"directory\">/etc/pam.d/</filename> (ou ajoutez le contenu du fichier"
628
" <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>) en utilisant les commandes "
629
"suivantes&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 630
 
631
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7280 jlepiller 632
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:343
7156 jlepiller 633
msgid "'login'"
634
msgstr "'login'"
635
 
636
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7280 jlepiller 637
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:345
7156 jlepiller 638
#, no-wrap
639
msgid ""
640
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/login &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
641
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/login\n"
642
"\n"
643
"# Set failure delay before next prompt to 3 seconds\n"
644
"auth      optional    pam_faildelay.so  delay=3000000\n"
645
"\n"
646
"# Check to make sure that the user is allowed to login\n"
647
"auth      requisite   pam_nologin.so\n"
648
"\n"
649
"# Check to make sure that root is allowed to login\n"
650
"# Disabled by default. You will need to create /etc/securetty\n"
651
"# file for this module to function. See man 5 securetty.\n"
652
"#auth      required    pam_securetty.so\n"
653
"\n"
654
"# Additional group memberships - disabled by default\n"
655
"#auth      optional    pam_group.so\n"
656
"\n"
657
"# include the default auth settings\n"
658
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
659
"\n"
660
"# check access for the user\n"
661
"account   required    pam_access.so\n"
662
"\n"
663
"# include the default account settings\n"
664
"account   include     system-account\n"
665
"\n"
666
"# Set default environment variables for the user\n"
667
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
668
"\n"
669
"# Set resource limits for the user\n"
670
"session   required    pam_limits.so\n"
671
"\n"
672
"# Display date of last login - Disabled by default\n"
673
"#session   optional    pam_lastlog.so\n"
674
"\n"
675
"# Display the message of the day - Disabled by default\n"
676
"#session   optional    pam_motd.so\n"
677
"\n"
678
"# Check user's mail - Disabled by default\n"
679
"#session   optional    pam_mail.so      standard quiet\n"
680
"\n"
681
"# include the default session and password settings\n"
682
"session   include     system-session\n"
683
"password  include     system-password\n"
684
"\n"
685
"# End /etc/pam.d/login</literal>\n"
686
"EOF</userinput>"
687
msgstr ""
688
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/login &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
689
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/login\n"
690
"\n"
691
"# Set failure delay before next prompt to 3 seconds\n"
692
"auth      optional    pam_faildelay.so  delay=3000000\n"
693
"\n"
694
"# Check to make sure that the user is allowed to login\n"
695
"auth      requisite   pam_nologin.so\n"
696
"\n"
697
"# Check to make sure that root is allowed to login\n"
698
"# Disabled by default. You will need to create /etc/securetty\n"
699
"# file for this module to function. See man 5 securetty.\n"
700
"#auth      required    pam_securetty.so\n"
701
"\n"
702
"# Additional group memberships - disabled by default\n"
703
"#auth      optional    pam_group.so\n"
704
"\n"
705
"# include the default auth settings\n"
706
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
707
"\n"
708
"# check access for the user\n"
709
"account   required    pam_access.so\n"
710
"\n"
711
"# include the default account settings\n"
712
"account   include     system-account\n"
713
"\n"
714
"# Set default environment variables for the user\n"
715
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
716
"\n"
717
"# Set resource limits for the user\n"
718
"session   required    pam_limits.so\n"
719
"\n"
720
"# Display date of last login - Disabled by default\n"
721
"#session   optional    pam_lastlog.so\n"
722
"\n"
723
"# Display the message of the day - Disabled by default\n"
724
"#session   optional    pam_motd.so\n"
725
"\n"
726
"# Check user's mail - Disabled by default\n"
727
"#session   optional    pam_mail.so      standard quiet\n"
728
"\n"
729
"# include the default session and password settings\n"
730
"session   include     system-session\n"
731
"password  include     system-password\n"
732
"\n"
733
"# End /etc/pam.d/login</literal>\n"
734
"EOF</userinput>"
735
 
736
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7280 jlepiller 737
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:395
7156 jlepiller 738
msgid "'passwd'"
739
msgstr "'passwd'"
740
 
741
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7280 jlepiller 742
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:397
7156 jlepiller 743
#, no-wrap
744
msgid ""
745
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/passwd &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
746
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/passwd\n"
747
"\n"
748
"password  include     system-password\n"
749
"\n"
750
"# End /etc/pam.d/passwd</literal>\n"
751
"EOF</userinput>"
752
msgstr ""
753
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/passwd &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
754
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/passwd\n"
755
"\n"
756
"password  include     system-password\n"
757
"\n"
758
"# End /etc/pam.d/passwd</literal>\n"
759
"EOF</userinput>"
760
 
761
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7280 jlepiller 762
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:407
7156 jlepiller 763
msgid "'su'"
764
msgstr "'su'"
765
 
766
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7280 jlepiller 767
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:409
7156 jlepiller 768
#, no-wrap
769
msgid ""
770
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/su &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
771
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/su\n"
772
"\n"
773
"# always allow root\n"
774
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
775
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
776
"\n"
777
"# include the default account settings\n"
778
"account   include     system-account\n"
779
"\n"
780
"# Set default environment variables for the service user\n"
781
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
782
"\n"
783
"# include system session defaults\n"
784
"session   include     system-session\n"
785
"\n"
786
"# End /etc/pam.d/su</literal>\n"
787
"EOF</userinput>"
788
msgstr ""
789
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/su &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
790
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/su\n"
791
"\n"
792
"# always allow root\n"
793
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
794
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
795
"\n"
796
"# include the default account settings\n"
797
"account   include     system-account\n"
798
"\n"
799
"# Set default environment variables for the service user\n"
800
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
801
"\n"
802
"# include system session defaults\n"
803
"session   include     system-session\n"
804
"\n"
805
"# End /etc/pam.d/su</literal>\n"
806
"EOF</userinput>"
807
 
808
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7280 jlepiller 809
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:430
7156 jlepiller 810
msgid "'chage'"
811
msgstr "'chage'"
812
 
813
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7280 jlepiller 814
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:432
7165 jlepiller 815
#, no-wrap
7156 jlepiller 816
msgid ""
817
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/chage &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
7164 jlepiller 818
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/chage\n"
7156 jlepiller 819
"\n"
820
"# always allow root\n"
821
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
822
"\n"
823
"# include system defaults for auth account and session\n"
824
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
825
"account   include     system-account\n"
826
"session   include     system-session\n"
827
"\n"
828
"# Always permit for authentication updates\n"
829
"password  required    pam_permit.so\n"
830
"\n"
831
"# End /etc/pam.d/chage</literal>\n"
832
"EOF</userinput>"
833
msgstr ""
834
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/chage &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
7165 jlepiller 835
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/chage\n"
7156 jlepiller 836
"\n"
837
"# always allow root\n"
838
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
839
"\n"
840
"# include system defaults for auth account and session\n"
841
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
842
"account   include     system-account\n"
843
"session   include     system-session\n"
844
"\n"
845
"# Always permit for authentication updates\n"
846
"password  required    pam_permit.so\n"
847
"\n"
848
"# End /etc/pam.d/chage</literal>\n"
849
"EOF</userinput>"
850
 
851
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7280 jlepiller 852
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:451
7156 jlepiller 853
msgid "Other common programs"
854
msgstr "Autres programmes utiles"
855
 
856
#. <title>
857
#. 'chfn', 'chgpasswd', 'chgpasswd', 'chsh', 'groupadd', 'groupdel',
858
#.         'groupmems', 'groupmod', 'newusers', 'useradd', 'userdel' and
859
#.         'usermod'</title>
860
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7280 jlepiller 861
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:456
7156 jlepiller 862
#, no-wrap
863
msgid ""
864
"<userinput>for PROGRAM in chfn chgpasswd chpasswd chsh groupadd groupdel \\\n"
865
"               groupmems groupmod newusers useradd userdel usermod\n"
866
"do\n"
867
"    install -v -m644 /etc/pam.d/chage /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
868
"    sed -i \"s/chage/$PROGRAM/\" /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
869
"done</userinput>"
870
msgstr ""
871
"<userinput>for PROGRAM in chfn chgpasswd chpasswd chsh groupadd groupdel \\\n"
872
"               groupmems groupmod newusers useradd userdel usermod\n"
873
"do\n"
874
"    install -v -m644 /etc/pam.d/chage /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
875
"    sed -i \"s/chage/$PROGRAM/\" /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
876
"done</userinput>"
877
 
7164 jlepiller 878
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7280 jlepiller 879
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:463
7164 jlepiller 880
msgid ""
881
"Because the installation of <application>systemd</application> is not yet "
7165 jlepiller 882
"complete, you will need to remove the <filename>/run/nologin</filename> file"
883
" before testing the installation. Execute the following command as the "
7164 jlepiller 884
"<systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
885
msgstr ""
7175 jlepiller 886
"Comme l'installation de <application>systemd</application> n'est pas encore "
7190 jlepiller 887
"complète, vous devrez supprimer le fichier <filename>/run/nologin</filename>"
888
" avant de tester l'installation. Exécutez la commande suivante en tant "
7175 jlepiller 889
"qu'utilisateur <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7164 jlepiller 890
 
891
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7280 jlepiller 892
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:469
7165 jlepiller 893
#, no-wrap
7164 jlepiller 894
msgid "<userinput>rm -f /run/nologin</userinput>"
7165 jlepiller 895
msgstr "<userinput>rm -f /run/nologin</userinput>"
7164 jlepiller 896
 
7156 jlepiller 897
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><warning><para>
7280 jlepiller 898
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:473
7156 jlepiller 899
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 900
"At this point, you should do a simple test to see if "
901
"<application>Shadow</application> is working as expected. Open another "
902
"terminal and log in as a user, then <command>su</command> to <systemitem "
903
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem>. If you do not see any errors, then all"
904
" is well and you should proceed with the rest of the configuration. If you "
905
"did receive errors, stop now and double check the above configuration files "
906
"manually. You can also run the test suite from the <application>Linux-"
907
"PAM</application> package to assist you in determining the problem. If you "
908
"cannot find and fix the error, you should recompile "
909
"<application>Shadow</application> adding the <option>--without-"
910
"libpam</option> switch to the <command>configure</command> command in the "
911
"above instructions (also move the <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> "
912
"backup file to <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename>). If you fail to do this"
913
" and the errors remain, you will be unable to log into your system."
7156 jlepiller 914
msgstr ""
915
"À cette étape, vous devriez faire un simple test pour voir si "
916
"<application>Shadow</application> fonctionne comme prévu. Ouvrez un autre "
7165 jlepiller 917
"terminal et connectez-vous en tant qu'utilisateur, puis "
918
"<command>su</command> en <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>. "
919
"Si vous ne voyez pas d'erreurs, tout va bien et vous devriez poursuivre le "
920
"reste de la configuration. Si vous avez reçu des erreurs, arrêtez-vous "
921
"maintenant et vérifiez à deux reprises les fichiers de configuration ci-"
922
"dessus à la main. Vous pouvez aussi lancer la suite de tests à partir du "
923
"paquet <application>Linux-PAM</application> pour vous aider à déterminer le "
7156 jlepiller 924
"problème. Si vous n'arrivez pas à trouver et à corriger l'erreur, vous "
925
"devriez recompiler <application>Shadow</application> en ajoutant le "
926
"paramètre <option>--without-libpam</option> à la commande "
7165 jlepiller 927
"<command>configure</command> dans les instructions ci-dessus (déplacez aussi"
928
" le fichier de sauvegarde <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> dans "
929
"<filename>/etc/login.defs</filename>). Si vous n'arrivez pas à faire cela et"
930
" si les erreurs demeurent, vous ne pourrez pas vous connecter à votre "
931
"système."
7156 jlepiller 932
 
933
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7280 jlepiller 934
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:493
7156 jlepiller 935
msgid "Configuring Login Access"
936
msgstr "Configuration de l'accès Login"
937
 
938
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7280 jlepiller 939
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:496
7156 jlepiller 940
msgid ""
941
"Instead of using the <filename>/etc/login.access</filename> file for "
942
"controlling access to the system, <application>Linux-PAM</application> uses "
7165 jlepiller 943
"the <filename class='libraryfile'>pam_access.so</filename> module along with"
944
" the <filename>/etc/security/access.conf</filename> file.  Rename the "
7156 jlepiller 945
"<filename>/etc/login.access</filename> file using the following command:"
946
msgstr ""
947
"Au lieu d'utiliser le fichier <filename>/etc/login.access</filename> pour "
948
"contrôler l'accès au système, <application>Linux-PAM</application> utilise "
949
"le module <filename class='libraryfile'>pam_access.so</filename> ainsi que "
950
"le fichier <filename>/etc/security/access.conf</filename>. Renommez le "
951
"fichier <filename>/etc/login.access</filename> en utilisant la commande "
952
"suivante&nbsp;:"
953
 
954
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><indexterm><primary>
7280 jlepiller 955
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:505
7156 jlepiller 956
msgid "/etc/security/access.conf"
957
msgstr "/etc/security/access.conf"
958
 
959
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7280 jlepiller 960
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:508
7156 jlepiller 961
#, no-wrap
7165 jlepiller 962
msgid ""
963
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/login.access ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
964
"/etc/login.access{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
965
msgstr ""
966
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/login.access ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
967
"/etc/login.access{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
7156 jlepiller 968
 
969
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7280 jlepiller 970
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:512
7156 jlepiller 971
msgid "Configuring Resource Limits"
972
msgstr "Configuration des limitations de ressources"
973
 
974
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7280 jlepiller 975
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:515
7156 jlepiller 976
msgid ""
977
"Instead of using the <filename>/etc/limits</filename> file for limiting "
978
"usage of system resources, <application>Linux-PAM</application> uses the "
7165 jlepiller 979
"<filename class='libraryfile'>pam_limits.so</filename> module along with the"
980
" <filename>/etc/security/limits.conf</filename> file. Rename the "
981
"<filename>/etc/limits</filename> file using the following command:"
7156 jlepiller 982
msgstr ""
983
"Au lieu d'utiliser le fichier <filename>/etc/limits</filename> pour limiter "
984
"l'utilisation des ressources système, <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
985
"utilise le module <filename class='libraryfile'>pam_limits.so</filename> "
986
"ainsi que le fichier <filename>/etc/security/limits.conf</filename>. "
987
"Renommez le fichier <filename>/etc/limits</filename> en utilisant la "
988
"commande suivante&nbsp;:"
989
 
990
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><indexterm><primary>
7280 jlepiller 991
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:524
7156 jlepiller 992
msgid "/etc/security/limits.conf"
993
msgstr "/etc/security/limits.conf"
994
 
995
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7280 jlepiller 996
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:527
7156 jlepiller 997
#, no-wrap
7165 jlepiller 998
msgid ""
999
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/limits ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
1000
"/etc/limits{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
1001
msgstr ""
1002
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/limits ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
1003
"/etc/limits{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
7156 jlepiller 1004
 
1005
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><caution><para>
7280 jlepiller 1006
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:529
7156 jlepiller 1007
msgid ""
1008
"Be sure to test the login capabilities of the system before logging out.  "
7164 jlepiller 1009
"Errors in the configuration can cause a permanent lockout requiring a boot "
7156 jlepiller 1010
"from an external source to correct the problem."
1011
msgstr ""
7175 jlepiller 1012
"Soyez certain de tester le login sur le système avant de le quitter. Des "
1013
"erreurs dans la configuration peuvent causer un blocage permanent demandant "
1014
"un démarrage depuis une source externe pour corriger le problème."
7156 jlepiller 1015
 
1016
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7280 jlepiller 1017
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:540
7156 jlepiller 1018
msgid "Contents"
1019
msgstr "Contenu"
1020
 
1021
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7280 jlepiller 1022
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:543
7156 jlepiller 1023
msgid ""
1024
"A list of the installed files, along with their short descriptions can be "
7165 jlepiller 1025
"found at <phrase revision=\"sysv\"> <ulink url=\"&lfs-"
1026
"root;/chapter06/shadow.html#contents-shadow\"/></phrase> <phrase "
1027
"revision=\"systemd\"> <ulink url=\"&lfs-rootd;/chapter06/shadow.html"
1028
"#contents-shadow\"/></phrase>."
7156 jlepiller 1029
msgstr ""
1030
"Vous pouvez trouver une liste des fichiers installés ainsi que leurs "
7175 jlepiller 1031
"descriptions courtes sur <phrase revision=\"sysv\"><ulink url=\"&lfs-"
7190 jlepiller 1032
"root;/chapter06/shadow.html#contents-shadow\"/></phrase><phrase "
1033
"revision=\"systemd\"><ulink url=\"&lfs-rootd;/chapter06/shadow.html"
1034
"#contents-shadow\"/></phrase>."
7228 jlepiller 1035
 
7280 jlepiller 1036
#~ msgid "c06f8c2571b44899e60662f9ad259dd6"
1037
#~ msgstr "c06f8c2571b44899e60662f9ad259dd6"
1038
 
1039
#~ msgid ""
1040
#~ "<command>sed -i -e '/snprintf/s@_msg,@_msg, 256,@' src/su.c</command>: Fix a"
1041
#~ " build error that only occurs if <xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> is detected "
1042
#~ "by <command>configure</command>."
1043
#~ msgstr ""
1044
#~ "<command>sed -i -e '/snprintf/s@_msg,@_msg, 256,@' src/su.c</command>&nbsp;:"
1045
#~ " Corrige une erreur de construction qui n'arrive que si <xref linkend"
1046
#~ "=\"linux-pam\"/> est détecté par <command>configure</command>."
1047
 
1048
#~ msgid ""
1049
#~ "<command>sed -i '47 d' -e '60,65 d' libmisc/myname.c</command>: Apply a "
1050
#~ "security fix from upstream."
1051
#~ msgstr ""
1052
#~ "<command>sed -i '47 d' -e '60,65 d' libmisc/myname.c</command>&nbsp;: "
1053
#~ "Applique un correctif de sécurité amont."
1054
 
1055
#~ msgid ""
1056
#~ "<command>echo '--- ...</command>: This command illustrates another way to "
1057
#~ "apply patches. Without the patch, <command>useradd</command> does not use "
1058
#~ "the defaults in <filename>/etc/default/useradd</filename>."
1059
#~ msgstr ""
1060
#~ "<command>echo '--- ...</command>&nbsp;: Cette commande illustre une autre "
1061
#~ "façon d'appliquer des correctifs. Sans le correctif, "
1062
#~ "<command>useradd</command> n'utilise pas les valeurs par défaut dans "
1063
#~ "<filename>/etc/default/useradd</filename>."
1064
 
7228 jlepiller 1065
#~ msgid "2bfafe7d4962682d31b5eba65dba4fc8"
1066
#~ msgstr "2bfafe7d4962682d31b5eba65dba4fc8"
1067
 
1068
#~ msgid "1.5 MB"
7233 jlepiller 1069
#~ msgstr "1.5 Mo"
7228 jlepiller 1070
 
1071
#~ msgid "53 MB"
7233 jlepiller 1072
#~ msgstr "53 Mo"