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7156 jlepiller 1
# SOME DESCRIPTIVE TITLE
2
# Copyright (C) YEAR Free Software Foundation, Inc.
3
# This file is distributed under the same license as the PACKAGE package.
4
# FIRST AUTHOR <EMAIL@ADDRESS>, YEAR.
5
#
6
msgid ""
7
msgstr ""
8
"Project-Id-Version: PACKAGE VERSION\n"
9
"POT-Creation-Date: 2016-08-09 15:54+0200\n"
7228 jlepiller 10
"PO-Revision-Date: 2017-02-06 18:12+0000\n"
7156 jlepiller 11
"Last-Translator: roptat <roptat@lepiller.eu>\n"
12
"Language-Team: LANGUAGE <LL@li.org>\n"
13
"MIME-Version: 1.0\n"
14
"Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8\n"
15
"Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit\n"
7197 jlepiller 16
"Language: fr\n"
7156 jlepiller 17
"Plural-Forms: nplurals=2; plural=(n > 1);\n"
7228 jlepiller 18
"X-Generator: Pootle 2.8\n"
19
"X-POOTLE-MTIME: 1486404777.597379\n"
7156 jlepiller 20
 
21
#. type: Content of the shadow-download-http entity
22
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:7
23
msgid ""
7228 jlepiller 24
"https://github.com/shadow-maint/shadow/releases/download/&shadow-"
25
"version;/shadow-&shadow-version;.tar.xz"
7156 jlepiller 26
msgstr ""
7228 jlepiller 27
"https://github.com/shadow-maint/shadow/releases/download/&shadow-"
28
"version;/shadow-&shadow-version;.tar.xz"
7156 jlepiller 29
 
30
#. type: Content of the shadow-md5sum entity
31
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:9
7228 jlepiller 32
msgid "c06f8c2571b44899e60662f9ad259dd6"
33
msgstr "c06f8c2571b44899e60662f9ad259dd6"
7156 jlepiller 34
 
35
#. type: Content of the shadow-size entity
36
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:10
7228 jlepiller 37
msgid "1.6 MB"
38
msgstr "1.6 Mo"
7156 jlepiller 39
 
40
#. type: Content of the shadow-buildsize entity
41
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:11
7228 jlepiller 42
msgid "31 MB"
43
msgstr "31 Mo"
7156 jlepiller 44
 
45
#. type: Content of the shadow-time entity
46
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:12
47
msgid "0.2 SBU"
48
msgstr "0.2 SBU"
49
 
50
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect1info>
51
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:19
7228 jlepiller 52
#| msgid ""
7233 jlepiller 53
#| "<othername>$LastChangedBy: pierre $</othername> <date>$Date: 2017-02-06 "
54
#| "14:02:35 +0100 (Mon, 06 Feb 2017) $</date>"
7156 jlepiller 55
msgid ""
7233 jlepiller 56
"<othername>$LastChangedBy: renodr $</othername> <date>$Date: 2017-02-16 "
57
"06:57:41 +0100 (Thu, 16 Feb 2017) $</date>"
7156 jlepiller 58
msgstr ""
7233 jlepiller 59
"<othername>$LastChangedBy: renodr $</othername> <date>$Date: 2017-02-16 "
60
"06:57:41 +0100 (Thu, 16 Feb 2017) $</date>"
7156 jlepiller 61
 
62
#. type: Content of: <sect1><title>
63
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:23
64
msgid "Shadow-&shadow-version;"
65
msgstr "Shadow-&shadow-version;"
66
 
67
#. type: Content of: <sect1><indexterm><primary>
68
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:26
69
msgid "Shadow"
70
msgstr "Shadow"
71
 
72
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
73
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:30
74
msgid "Introduction to Shadow"
75
msgstr "Introduction à Shadow"
76
 
77
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
78
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:33
79
msgid ""
80
"<application>Shadow</application> was indeed installed in LFS and there is "
7165 jlepiller 81
"no reason to reinstall it unless you installed "
82
"<application>CrackLib</application> or <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
83
"after your LFS system was completed.  If you have installed "
84
"<application>CrackLib</application> after LFS, then reinstalling "
85
"<application>Shadow</application> will enable strong password support. If "
86
"you have installed <application>Linux-PAM</application>, reinstalling "
87
"<application>Shadow</application> will allow programs such as "
88
"<command>login</command> and <command>su</command> to utilize PAM."
7156 jlepiller 89
msgstr ""
90
"<application>Shadow</application> a effectivement été installé dans LFS et "
91
"il n'y a aucune raison pour le réinstaller, sauf si vous avez installé "
92
"<application>CrackLib</application> ou <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
93
"après que votre système LFS ai été terminé. Si vous avez installé "
94
"<application>CrackLib</application> après LFS, la réinstallation de "
95
"<application>Shadow</application> activera le support des mots de passe "
96
"renforcés. Si vous avez installé <application>Linux-PAM</application>, la "
97
"réinstallation de <application>Shadow</application> permettra à des "
98
"programmes tels que <command>login</command> et <command>su</command> "
99
"d'utiliser PAM."
100
 
101
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><bridgehead>
102
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:46
103
msgid "Package Information"
104
msgstr "Informations sur le paquet"
105
 
106
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
107
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:50
108
msgid "Download (HTTP): <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-http;\"/>"
109
msgstr "Téléchargement (HTTP)&nbsp;: <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-http;\"/>"
110
 
111
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
112
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:55
113
msgid "Download (FTP): <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-ftp;\"/>"
114
msgstr "Téléchargement (FTP)&nbsp;: <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-ftp;\"/>"
115
 
116
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
117
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:60
118
msgid "Download MD5 sum: &shadow-md5sum;"
119
msgstr "Somme de contrôle MD5 du téléchargement&nbsp;: &shadow-md5sum;"
120
 
121
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
122
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:65
123
msgid "Download size: &shadow-size;"
124
msgstr "Taille du téléchargement&nbsp;: &shadow-size;"
125
 
126
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
127
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:70
128
msgid "Estimated disk space required: &shadow-buildsize;"
129
msgstr "Estimation de l'espace disque requis&nbsp;: &shadow-buildsize;"
130
 
131
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
132
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:75
133
msgid "Estimated build time: &shadow-time;"
134
msgstr "Estimation du temps de construction&nbsp;: &shadow-time;"
135
 
136
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><bridgehead>
137
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:80
138
msgid "Shadow Dependencies"
139
msgstr "Dépendances de Shadow"
140
 
141
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><bridgehead>
142
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:82
143
msgid "Required"
144
msgstr "Requises"
145
 
146
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
147
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:84
148
msgid "<xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> or <xref linkend=\"cracklib\"/>"
149
msgstr "<xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> ou <xref linkend=\"cracklib\"/>"
150
 
151
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
152
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:89
153
msgid "User Notes: <ulink url=\"&blfs-wiki;/shadow\"/>"
154
msgstr "Notes utilisateur&nbsp;: <ulink url=\"&blfs-wiki;/shadow\"/>"
155
 
156
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
157
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:94
158
msgid "Installation of Shadow"
159
msgstr "Installation de Shadow"
160
 
161
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><important><para>
162
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:98
163
msgid ""
164
"The installation commands shown below are for installations where "
165
"<application>Linux-PAM</application> has been installed (with or without a "
7165 jlepiller 166
"<application>CrackLib</application> installation) and "
167
"<application>Shadow</application> is being reinstalled to support the "
168
"<application>Linux-PAM</application> installation."
7156 jlepiller 169
msgstr ""
170
"Les commandes d'installation indiquées ci-dessous valent pour les "
7165 jlepiller 171
"installations où on a installé <application>Linux-PAM</application> (avec ou"
172
" sans installation de <application>CrackLib</application>) et "
7156 jlepiller 173
"<application>Shadow</application> devra être réinstallé pour supporter "
174
"l'installation de <application>Linux-PAM</application>."
175
 
176
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><important><para>
177
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:106
178
msgid ""
179
"If you are reinstalling <application>Shadow</application> to provide strong "
180
"password support using the <application>CrackLib</application> library "
181
"without using <application>Linux-PAM</application>, ensure you add the "
7165 jlepiller 182
"<parameter>--with-libcrack</parameter> parameter to the "
183
"<command>configure</command> script below and also issue the following "
184
"command:"
7156 jlepiller 185
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 186
"Si vous réinstallez <application>Shadow</application> pour offrir le support"
187
" des mots de passe forts en utilisant la bibliothèque "
188
"<application>CrackLib</application> sans utiliser <application>Linux-"
189
"PAM</application>, assurez-vous d'ajouter le paramètre <parameter>--with-"
190
"libcrack</parameter> au script <command>configure</command> ci-dessous et "
191
"lancez aussi la commande suivante&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 192
 
193
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><important><screen>
194
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:114
195
#, no-wrap
7165 jlepiller 196
msgid ""
197
"<userinput>sed -i 's@DICTPATH.*@DICTPATH\\t/lib/cracklib/pw_dict@' "
198
"etc/login.defs</userinput>"
199
msgstr ""
200
"<userinput>sed -i 's@DICTPATH.*@DICTPATH\\t/lib/cracklib/pw_dict@' "
201
"etc/login.defs</userinput>"
7156 jlepiller 202
 
203
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
204
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:118
205
msgid ""
206
"Reinstall <application>Shadow</application> by running the following "
207
"commands:"
208
msgstr ""
209
"Réinstallez <application>Shadow</application> en lançant les commandes "
210
"suivantes&nbsp;:"
211
 
212
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><screen>
213
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:122
214
#, no-wrap
215
msgid ""
216
"<userinput>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in &amp;&amp;\n"
7228 jlepiller 217
"\n"
218
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/groups\\.1 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 219
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/getspnam\\.3 / /' {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
220
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/passwd\\.5 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
221
"\n"
222
"sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' \\\n"
223
"       -e 's@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs &amp;&amp;\n"
224
"\n"
7228 jlepiller 225
"sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd                           &amp;&amp;\n"
226
"sed -i -e '/snprintf/s@_msg,@_msg, 256,@' src/su.c         &amp;&amp;\n"
227
"sed -i -e '47 d' -e '60,65 d'             libmisc/myname.c &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 228
"\n"
229
"./configure --sysconfdir=/etc --with-group-name-max-length=32 &amp;&amp;\n"
230
"make</userinput>"
231
msgstr ""
232
"<userinput>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in &amp;&amp;\n"
7228 jlepiller 233
"\n"
234
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/groups\\.1 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 235
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/getspnam\\.3 / /' {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
236
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/passwd\\.5 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
237
"\n"
238
"sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' \\\n"
239
"       -e 's@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs &amp;&amp;\n"
240
"\n"
7228 jlepiller 241
"sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd                           &amp;&amp;\n"
242
"sed -i -e '/snprintf/s@_msg,@_msg, 256,@' src/su.c         &amp;&amp;\n"
243
"sed -i -e '47 d' -e '60,65 d'             libmisc/myname.c &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 244
"\n"
245
"./configure --sysconfdir=/etc --with-group-name-max-length=32 &amp;&amp;\n"
246
"make</userinput>"
247
 
248
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7228 jlepiller 249
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:139
7156 jlepiller 250
msgid "This package does not come with a test suite."
251
msgstr "Ce paquet n'est pas fourni avec une suite de tests."
252
 
253
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7228 jlepiller 254
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:143
7156 jlepiller 255
msgid "Now, as the <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
256
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 257
"Maintenant, en tant qu'utilisateur <systemitem "
258
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 259
 
260
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><screen>
7228 jlepiller 261
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:146
7156 jlepiller 262
#, no-wrap
263
msgid ""
264
"<userinput>make install &amp;&amp;\n"
265
"mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</userinput>"
266
msgstr ""
267
"<userinput>make install &amp;&amp;\n"
268
"mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</userinput>"
269
 
270
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7228 jlepiller 271
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:151
7156 jlepiller 272
msgid "Command Explanations"
273
msgstr "Explication des commandes"
274
 
275
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7228 jlepiller 276
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:154
7156 jlepiller 277
msgid ""
278
"<command>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in</command>: This sed "
279
"is used to suppress the installation of the <command>groups</command> "
7165 jlepiller 280
"program as the version from the <application>Coreutils</application> package"
281
" installed during LFS is preferred."
7156 jlepiller 282
msgstr ""
283
"<command>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in</command>&nbsp;: "
284
"Cette commande est utilisée pour supprimer l'installation du programme "
285
"<command>groups</command> vu qu'on préfère la version issue du paquet "
286
"<application>Coreutils</application> installé avec LFS."
287
 
288
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7228 jlepiller 289
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:161
7156 jlepiller 290
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 291
"<command>find man -name Makefile.in -exec ... {} \\;</command>: This command"
292
" is used to suppress the installation of the <command>groups</command> man "
293
"pages so the existing ones installed from the "
294
"<application>Coreutils</application> package are not replaced."
7156 jlepiller 295
msgstr ""
7184 jlepiller 296
"<command>find man -name Makefile.in -exec ... {} \\;</command>&nbsp;: Cette "
7156 jlepiller 297
"commande est utilisée pour supprimer l'installation des pages de manuel "
7216 jlepiller 298
"<command>groups</command> pour que celles existantes et issues du paquet "
7156 jlepiller 299
"<application>Coreutils</application> ne soient pas remplacées."
300
 
301
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7228 jlepiller 302
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:168
7156 jlepiller 303
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 304
"<command>sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' -e "
305
"'s@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs</command>: Instead of using "
306
"the default 'DES' method, this command modifies the installation to use the "
307
"more secure 'SHA512' method of hashing passwords, which also allows "
308
"passwords longer than eight characters. It also changes the obsolete "
309
"<filename class=\"directory\">/var/spool/mail</filename> location for user "
310
"mailboxes that <application>Shadow</application> uses by default to the "
311
"<filename class=\"directory\">/var/mail</filename> location."
7156 jlepiller 312
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 313
"<command>sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' -e "
314
"'s@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs</command>&nbsp;: Au lieu "
315
"d'utiliser la méthode 'DES' par défaut, cette commande modifie "
7216 jlepiller 316
"l'installation pour utiliser la méthode plus sécurisée de hashage des mots "
317
"de passe 'SHA512', qui autorise aussi les mots de passe d'une longueur "
318
"supérieure à huit caractères. Elle modifie aussi l'emplacement <filename "
319
"class=\"directory\">/var/spool/mail</filename> obsolète pour les boîtes aux "
320
"lettres utilisateur qu'utilise <application>Shadow</application> par défaut "
321
"en <filename class=\"directory\">/var/mail</filename>."
7156 jlepiller 322
 
323
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7228 jlepiller 324
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:179
7156 jlepiller 325
msgid ""
326
"<command>sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd</command>: Make a minor change to "
327
"make the default useradd consistent with the LFS groups file."
328
msgstr ""
329
"<command>sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd</command>&nbsp;: Fait une "
7216 jlepiller 330
"modification mineure pour faire que l'ajout de l'utilisateur par défaut soit"
331
" cohérent avec le fichier groups de LFS."
7156 jlepiller 332
 
333
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7228 jlepiller 334
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:184
7156 jlepiller 335
msgid ""
7228 jlepiller 336
"<command>sed -i -e '/snprintf/s@_msg,@_msg, 256,@' src/su.c</command>: Fix a"
337
" build error that only occurs if <xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> is detected "
338
"by <command>configure</command>."
339
msgstr ""
340
"<command>sed -i -e '/snprintf/s@_msg,@_msg, 256,@' src/su.c</command>&nbsp;:"
341
" Corrige une erreur de construction qui n'arrive que si <xref linkend"
342
"=\"linux-pam\"/> est détecté par <command>configure</command>."
343
 
344
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
345
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:190
346
msgid ""
347
"<command>sed -i '47 d' -e '60,65 d' libmisc/myname.c</command>: Apply a "
348
"security fix from upstream."
349
msgstr ""
350
"<command>sed -i '47 d' -e '60,65 d' libmisc/myname.c</command>&nbsp;: "
351
"Applique un correctif de sécurité amont."
352
 
353
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
354
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:195
355
msgid ""
7190 jlepiller 356
"<parameter>--with-group-name-max-length=32</parameter>: The maximum user "
357
"name is 32 characters. Make the maximum group name the same."
7156 jlepiller 358
msgstr ""
7196 jlepiller 359
"<parameter>--with-group-name-max-length=32</parameter>&nbsp;: Le nom "
7197 jlepiller 360
"d'utilisateur utilise au maximum 32 caractères. Faites la même chose pour le"
361
" nom du groupe."
7156 jlepiller 362
 
363
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7228 jlepiller 364
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:200
7156 jlepiller 365
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 366
"<command>mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</command>: The <command>passwd</command>"
367
" program may be needed during times when the <filename "
368
"class='directory'>/usr</filename> filesystem is not mounted so it is moved "
369
"into the root partition."
7156 jlepiller 370
msgstr ""
371
"<command>mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</command>&nbsp;: Le programme "
372
"<command>passwd</command> peut être nécessaire aux moments où le système de "
373
"fichiers <filename class='directory'>/usr</filename> n'est pas monté pour "
374
"qu'il soit déplacé dans la partition racine. "
375
 
376
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7228 jlepiller 377
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:208
7156 jlepiller 378
msgid "Configuring Shadow"
379
msgstr "Configuration de Shadow"
380
 
381
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7228 jlepiller 382
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:211
7156 jlepiller 383
msgid ""
384
"<application>Shadow</application>'s stock configuration for the "
385
"<command>useradd</command> utility may not be desirable for your "
386
"installation. One default parameter causes <command>useradd</command> to "
7165 jlepiller 387
"create a mailbox file for any newly created user.  "
388
"<command>useradd</command> will make the group ownership of this file to the"
389
" <systemitem class=\"groupname\">mail</systemitem> group with 0660 "
390
"permissions. If you would prefer that these mailbox files are not created by"
391
" <command>useradd</command>, issue the following command as the <systemitem "
392
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
7156 jlepiller 393
msgstr ""
394
"La configuration par défaut de <application>Shadow</application> pour "
395
"l'outil <command>useradd</command> peut ne pas être désirable pour votre "
396
"installation. Un paramètre par défaut a pour conséquence que "
397
"<command>useradd</command> crée un fichier de boîte aux lettres pour chaque "
398
"nouvel utilisateur créé. <command>useradd</command> donnera l'appartenance "
7165 jlepiller 399
"de groupe de ce fichier au groupe <systemitem "
400
"class=\"groupname\">mail</systemitem> avec les droits 0660. Si vous "
7216 jlepiller 401
"préférerez que ces fichiers boîtes aux lettres ne soient pas créés par "
7165 jlepiller 402
"<command>useradd</command>, lancez la commande suivante en tant "
403
"qu'utilisateur <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 404
 
405
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><screen>
7228 jlepiller 406
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:222
7156 jlepiller 407
#, no-wrap
408
msgid "<userinput>sed -i 's/yes/no/' /etc/default/useradd</userinput>"
409
msgstr "<userinput>sed -i 's/yes/no/' /etc/default/useradd</userinput>"
410
 
411
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7228 jlepiller 412
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:226
7156 jlepiller 413
msgid "Configuring Linux-PAM to Work with Shadow"
414
msgstr "Configuration de Linux-PAM pour fonctionner avec Shadow"
415
 
416
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><note><para>
7228 jlepiller 417
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:230
7156 jlepiller 418
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 419
"The rest of this page is devoted to configuring "
420
"<application>Shadow</application> to work properly with <application>Linux-"
421
"PAM</application>. If you do not have <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
422
"installed, and you reinstalled <application>Shadow</application> to support "
423
"strong passwords via the <application>CrackLib</application> library, no "
424
"further configuration is required."
7156 jlepiller 425
msgstr ""
426
"Le reste de cette page est consacré à la configuration de "
427
"<application>Shadow</application> pour fonctionner correctement avec "
428
"<application>Linux-PAM</application>. Si vous n'avez pas installé "
429
"<application>Linux-PAM</application> et si vous avez réinstallé "
7165 jlepiller 430
"<application>Shadow</application> pour supporter les mots de passe forts via"
431
" la bibliothèque <application>CrackLib</application>, aucune configuration "
7156 jlepiller 432
"supplémentaire n'est nécessaire."
433
 
434
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><title>
7228 jlepiller 435
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:241
7156 jlepiller 436
msgid "Config Files"
437
msgstr "Fichiers de configuration"
438
 
439
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><para>
7228 jlepiller 440
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:244
7156 jlepiller 441
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 442
"<filename>/etc/pam.d/*</filename> or alternatively "
443
"<filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>, <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename> and"
444
" <filename>/etc/security/*</filename>"
7156 jlepiller 445
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 446
"<filename>/etc/pam.d/*</filename> or alternatively "
447
"<filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>, <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename> et "
448
"<filename>/etc/security/*</filename>"
7156 jlepiller 449
 
450
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><indexterm><primary>
7228 jlepiller 451
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:251
7156 jlepiller 452
msgid "/etc/pam.d/*"
453
msgstr "/etc/pam.d/*"
454
 
455
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><indexterm><primary>
7228 jlepiller 456
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:255
7156 jlepiller 457
msgid "/etc/pam.conf"
458
msgstr "/etc/pam.conf"
459
 
460
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><indexterm><primary>
7228 jlepiller 461
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:259
462
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:306
7156 jlepiller 463
msgid "/etc/login.defs"
464
msgstr "/etc/login.defs"
465
 
466
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><indexterm><primary>
7228 jlepiller 467
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:263
7156 jlepiller 468
msgid "/etc/security/*"
469
msgstr "/etc/security/*"
470
 
471
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><title>
7228 jlepiller 472
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:268
7156 jlepiller 473
msgid "Configuration Information"
474
msgstr "Informations de configuration"
475
 
476
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><para>
7228 jlepiller 477
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:271
7156 jlepiller 478
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 479
"Configuring your system to use <application>Linux-PAM</application> can be a"
480
" complex task. The information below will provide a basic setup so that "
7156 jlepiller 481
"<application>Shadow</application>'s login and password functionality will "
482
"work effectively with <application>Linux-PAM</application>. Review the "
483
"information and links on the <xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> page for further "
484
"configuration information. For information specific to integrating "
485
"<application>Shadow</application>, <application>Linux-PAM</application> and "
486
"<application>CrackLib</application>, you can visit the following link:"
487
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 488
"La configuration de votre système pour utiliser <application>Linux-"
489
"PAM</application> peut être une tâche complexe. Les informations ci-dessous "
490
"fourniront un paramétrage de base pour que la fonctionnalité de connexion et"
491
" de mot de passe de <application>Shadow</application> fonctionne bien avec "
492
"<application>Linux-PAM</application>. Regardez les informations et les liens"
493
" sur la page <xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> pour des informations de "
7156 jlepiller 494
"configuration supplémentaires. Pour des informations spécifiques à "
7165 jlepiller 495
"l'intégration de <application>Shadow</application>, <application>Linux-"
496
"PAM</application> et <application>CrackLib</application>, vous pouvez "
497
"visiter les liens suivants&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 498
 
499
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7228 jlepiller 500
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:286
7165 jlepiller 501
msgid "<ulink url=\"http://www.deer-run.com/~hal/sysadmin/pam_cracklib.html\"/>"
502
msgstr "<ulink url=\"http://www.deer-run.com/~hal/sysadmin/pam_cracklib.html\"/>"
7156 jlepiller 503
 
504
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7228 jlepiller 505
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:292
7156 jlepiller 506
msgid "Configuring /etc/login.defs"
507
msgstr "Configuration de /etc/login.defs"
508
 
509
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7228 jlepiller 510
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:295
7156 jlepiller 511
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 512
"The <command>login</command> program currently performs many functions which"
513
" <application>Linux-PAM</application> modules should now handle.  The "
7156 jlepiller 514
"following <command>sed</command> command will comment out the appropriate "
7165 jlepiller 515
"lines in <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename>, and stop "
516
"<command>login</command> from performing these functions (a backup file "
517
"named <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> is also created to preserve "
518
"the original file's contents). Issue the following commands as the "
519
"<systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
7156 jlepiller 520
msgstr ""
521
"Le programme <command>login</command> effectue actuellement beaucoup de "
522
"fonctions que les modules <application>Linux-PAM</application> devraient "
523
"maintenant gérer. La commande <command>sed</command> suivante va commenter "
524
"les lignes adéquates dans <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename> et empêcher "
7165 jlepiller 525
"<command>login</command> d'effectuer ces fonctions (un fichier de sauvegarde"
526
" appelé <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> est également créé pour "
527
"préserver le contenu du fichier d'origine). Exécutez les commandes suivantes"
528
" en tant qu'utilisateur <systemitem "
529
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 530
 
531
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7228 jlepiller 532
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:309
7156 jlepiller 533
#, no-wrap
534
msgid ""
535
"<userinput>install -v -m644 /etc/login.defs /etc/login.defs.orig &amp;&amp;\n"
536
"for FUNCTION in FAIL_DELAY               \\\n"
537
"                FAILLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
538
"                LASTLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
539
"                MAIL_CHECK_ENAB          \\\n"
540
"                OBSCURE_CHECKS_ENAB      \\\n"
541
"                PORTTIME_CHECKS_ENAB     \\\n"
542
"                QUOTAS_ENAB              \\\n"
543
"                CONSOLE MOTD_FILE        \\\n"
544
"                FTMP_FILE NOLOGINS_FILE  \\\n"
545
"                ENV_HZ PASS_MIN_LEN      \\\n"
546
"                SU_WHEEL_ONLY            \\\n"
547
"                CRACKLIB_DICTPATH        \\\n"
548
"                PASS_CHANGE_TRIES        \\\n"
549
"                PASS_ALWAYS_WARN         \\\n"
550
"                CHFN_AUTH ENCRYPT_METHOD \\\n"
551
"                ENVIRON_FILE\n"
552
"do\n"
553
"    sed -i \"s/^${FUNCTION}/# &amp;/\" /etc/login.defs\n"
554
"done</userinput>"
555
msgstr ""
556
"<userinput>install -v -m644 /etc/login.defs /etc/login.defs.orig &amp;&amp;\n"
557
"for FUNCTION in FAIL_DELAY               \\\n"
558
"                FAILLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
559
"                LASTLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
560
"                MAIL_CHECK_ENAB          \\\n"
561
"                OBSCURE_CHECKS_ENAB      \\\n"
562
"                PORTTIME_CHECKS_ENAB     \\\n"
563
"                QUOTAS_ENAB              \\\n"
564
"                CONSOLE MOTD_FILE        \\\n"
565
"                FTMP_FILE NOLOGINS_FILE  \\\n"
566
"                ENV_HZ PASS_MIN_LEN      \\\n"
567
"                SU_WHEEL_ONLY            \\\n"
568
"                CRACKLIB_DICTPATH        \\\n"
569
"                PASS_CHANGE_TRIES        \\\n"
570
"                PASS_ALWAYS_WARN         \\\n"
571
"                CHFN_AUTH ENCRYPT_METHOD \\\n"
572
"                ENVIRON_FILE\n"
573
"do\n"
574
"    sed -i \"s/^${FUNCTION}/# &amp;/\" /etc/login.defs\n"
575
"done</userinput>"
576
 
577
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7228 jlepiller 578
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:332
7156 jlepiller 579
msgid "Configuring the /etc/pam.d/ Files"
580
msgstr "Configuration des fichiers /etc/pam.d/"
581
 
582
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7228 jlepiller 583
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:335
7156 jlepiller 584
msgid ""
585
"As mentioned previously in the <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
7165 jlepiller 586
"instructions, <application>Linux-PAM</application> has two supported methods"
587
" for configuration. The commands below assume that you've chosen to use a "
7156 jlepiller 588
"directory based configuration, where each program has its own configuration "
589
"file.  You can optionally use a single <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename> "
7165 jlepiller 590
"configuration file by using the text from the files below, and supplying the"
591
" program name as an additional first field for each line."
7156 jlepiller 592
msgstr ""
593
"Comme indiqué précédemment dans les instructions pour <application>Linux-"
594
"PAM</application>, <application>Linux-PAM</application> supporte deux "
595
"méthodes de configuration. Les commandes ci-dessous supposent que vous avez "
596
"choisi d'utiliser une configuration basée sur le répertoire, où chaque "
597
"programme a son propre fichier de configuration. Vous pouvez éventuellement "
7165 jlepiller 598
"utiliser un seul fichier de configuration <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>"
599
" en utilisant le texte de configuration des fichiers ci-dessous, en "
7156 jlepiller 600
"fournissant le nom du programme comme premier champ à chaque ligne."
601
 
602
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7228 jlepiller 603
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:346
7156 jlepiller 604
msgid ""
605
"As the <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user, replace the "
606
"following <application>Linux-PAM</application> configuration files in the "
607
"<filename class=\"directory\">/etc/pam.d/</filename> directory (or add the "
608
"contents to the <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename> file)  using the "
609
"following commands:"
610
msgstr ""
611
"En tant qu'utilisateur <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>, "
7165 jlepiller 612
"remplacez les fichiers de configuration <application>Linux-PAM</application>"
613
" suivants dans le répertoire <filename "
614
"class=\"directory\">/etc/pam.d/</filename> (ou ajoutez le contenu du fichier"
615
" <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>) en utilisant les commandes "
616
"suivantes&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 617
 
618
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7228 jlepiller 619
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:355
7156 jlepiller 620
msgid "'login'"
621
msgstr "'login'"
622
 
623
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7228 jlepiller 624
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:357
7156 jlepiller 625
#, no-wrap
626
msgid ""
627
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/login &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
628
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/login\n"
629
"\n"
630
"# Set failure delay before next prompt to 3 seconds\n"
631
"auth      optional    pam_faildelay.so  delay=3000000\n"
632
"\n"
633
"# Check to make sure that the user is allowed to login\n"
634
"auth      requisite   pam_nologin.so\n"
635
"\n"
636
"# Check to make sure that root is allowed to login\n"
637
"# Disabled by default. You will need to create /etc/securetty\n"
638
"# file for this module to function. See man 5 securetty.\n"
639
"#auth      required    pam_securetty.so\n"
640
"\n"
641
"# Additional group memberships - disabled by default\n"
642
"#auth      optional    pam_group.so\n"
643
"\n"
644
"# include the default auth settings\n"
645
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
646
"\n"
647
"# check access for the user\n"
648
"account   required    pam_access.so\n"
649
"\n"
650
"# include the default account settings\n"
651
"account   include     system-account\n"
652
"\n"
653
"# Set default environment variables for the user\n"
654
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
655
"\n"
656
"# Set resource limits for the user\n"
657
"session   required    pam_limits.so\n"
658
"\n"
659
"# Display date of last login - Disabled by default\n"
660
"#session   optional    pam_lastlog.so\n"
661
"\n"
662
"# Display the message of the day - Disabled by default\n"
663
"#session   optional    pam_motd.so\n"
664
"\n"
665
"# Check user's mail - Disabled by default\n"
666
"#session   optional    pam_mail.so      standard quiet\n"
667
"\n"
668
"# include the default session and password settings\n"
669
"session   include     system-session\n"
670
"password  include     system-password\n"
671
"\n"
672
"# End /etc/pam.d/login</literal>\n"
673
"EOF</userinput>"
674
msgstr ""
675
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/login &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
676
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/login\n"
677
"\n"
678
"# Set failure delay before next prompt to 3 seconds\n"
679
"auth      optional    pam_faildelay.so  delay=3000000\n"
680
"\n"
681
"# Check to make sure that the user is allowed to login\n"
682
"auth      requisite   pam_nologin.so\n"
683
"\n"
684
"# Check to make sure that root is allowed to login\n"
685
"# Disabled by default. You will need to create /etc/securetty\n"
686
"# file for this module to function. See man 5 securetty.\n"
687
"#auth      required    pam_securetty.so\n"
688
"\n"
689
"# Additional group memberships - disabled by default\n"
690
"#auth      optional    pam_group.so\n"
691
"\n"
692
"# include the default auth settings\n"
693
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
694
"\n"
695
"# check access for the user\n"
696
"account   required    pam_access.so\n"
697
"\n"
698
"# include the default account settings\n"
699
"account   include     system-account\n"
700
"\n"
701
"# Set default environment variables for the user\n"
702
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
703
"\n"
704
"# Set resource limits for the user\n"
705
"session   required    pam_limits.so\n"
706
"\n"
707
"# Display date of last login - Disabled by default\n"
708
"#session   optional    pam_lastlog.so\n"
709
"\n"
710
"# Display the message of the day - Disabled by default\n"
711
"#session   optional    pam_motd.so\n"
712
"\n"
713
"# Check user's mail - Disabled by default\n"
714
"#session   optional    pam_mail.so      standard quiet\n"
715
"\n"
716
"# include the default session and password settings\n"
717
"session   include     system-session\n"
718
"password  include     system-password\n"
719
"\n"
720
"# End /etc/pam.d/login</literal>\n"
721
"EOF</userinput>"
722
 
723
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7228 jlepiller 724
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:407
7156 jlepiller 725
msgid "'passwd'"
726
msgstr "'passwd'"
727
 
728
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7228 jlepiller 729
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:409
7156 jlepiller 730
#, no-wrap
731
msgid ""
732
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/passwd &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
733
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/passwd\n"
734
"\n"
735
"password  include     system-password\n"
736
"\n"
737
"# End /etc/pam.d/passwd</literal>\n"
738
"EOF</userinput>"
739
msgstr ""
740
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/passwd &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
741
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/passwd\n"
742
"\n"
743
"password  include     system-password\n"
744
"\n"
745
"# End /etc/pam.d/passwd</literal>\n"
746
"EOF</userinput>"
747
 
748
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7228 jlepiller 749
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:419
7156 jlepiller 750
msgid "'su'"
751
msgstr "'su'"
752
 
753
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7228 jlepiller 754
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:421
7156 jlepiller 755
#, no-wrap
756
msgid ""
757
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/su &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
758
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/su\n"
759
"\n"
760
"# always allow root\n"
761
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
762
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
763
"\n"
764
"# include the default account settings\n"
765
"account   include     system-account\n"
766
"\n"
767
"# Set default environment variables for the service user\n"
768
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
769
"\n"
770
"# include system session defaults\n"
771
"session   include     system-session\n"
772
"\n"
773
"# End /etc/pam.d/su</literal>\n"
774
"EOF</userinput>"
775
msgstr ""
776
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/su &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
777
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/su\n"
778
"\n"
779
"# always allow root\n"
780
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
781
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
782
"\n"
783
"# include the default account settings\n"
784
"account   include     system-account\n"
785
"\n"
786
"# Set default environment variables for the service user\n"
787
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
788
"\n"
789
"# include system session defaults\n"
790
"session   include     system-session\n"
791
"\n"
792
"# End /etc/pam.d/su</literal>\n"
793
"EOF</userinput>"
794
 
795
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7228 jlepiller 796
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:442
7156 jlepiller 797
msgid "'chage'"
798
msgstr "'chage'"
799
 
800
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7228 jlepiller 801
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:444
7165 jlepiller 802
#, no-wrap
7156 jlepiller 803
msgid ""
804
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/chage &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
7164 jlepiller 805
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/chage\n"
7156 jlepiller 806
"\n"
807
"# always allow root\n"
808
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
809
"\n"
810
"# include system defaults for auth account and session\n"
811
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
812
"account   include     system-account\n"
813
"session   include     system-session\n"
814
"\n"
815
"# Always permit for authentication updates\n"
816
"password  required    pam_permit.so\n"
817
"\n"
818
"# End /etc/pam.d/chage</literal>\n"
819
"EOF</userinput>"
820
msgstr ""
821
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/chage &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
7165 jlepiller 822
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/chage\n"
7156 jlepiller 823
"\n"
824
"# always allow root\n"
825
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
826
"\n"
827
"# include system defaults for auth account and session\n"
828
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
829
"account   include     system-account\n"
830
"session   include     system-session\n"
831
"\n"
832
"# Always permit for authentication updates\n"
833
"password  required    pam_permit.so\n"
834
"\n"
835
"# End /etc/pam.d/chage</literal>\n"
836
"EOF</userinput>"
837
 
838
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7228 jlepiller 839
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:463
7156 jlepiller 840
msgid "Other common programs"
841
msgstr "Autres programmes utiles"
842
 
843
#. <title>
844
#. 'chfn', 'chgpasswd', 'chgpasswd', 'chsh', 'groupadd', 'groupdel',
845
#.         'groupmems', 'groupmod', 'newusers', 'useradd', 'userdel' and
846
#.         'usermod'</title>
847
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7228 jlepiller 848
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:468
7156 jlepiller 849
#, no-wrap
850
msgid ""
851
"<userinput>for PROGRAM in chfn chgpasswd chpasswd chsh groupadd groupdel \\\n"
852
"               groupmems groupmod newusers useradd userdel usermod\n"
853
"do\n"
854
"    install -v -m644 /etc/pam.d/chage /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
855
"    sed -i \"s/chage/$PROGRAM/\" /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
856
"done</userinput>"
857
msgstr ""
858
"<userinput>for PROGRAM in chfn chgpasswd chpasswd chsh groupadd groupdel \\\n"
859
"               groupmems groupmod newusers useradd userdel usermod\n"
860
"do\n"
861
"    install -v -m644 /etc/pam.d/chage /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
862
"    sed -i \"s/chage/$PROGRAM/\" /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
863
"done</userinput>"
864
 
7164 jlepiller 865
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7228 jlepiller 866
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:475
7164 jlepiller 867
msgid ""
868
"Because the installation of <application>systemd</application> is not yet "
7165 jlepiller 869
"complete, you will need to remove the <filename>/run/nologin</filename> file"
870
" before testing the installation. Execute the following command as the "
7164 jlepiller 871
"<systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
872
msgstr ""
7175 jlepiller 873
"Comme l'installation de <application>systemd</application> n'est pas encore "
7190 jlepiller 874
"complète, vous devrez supprimer le fichier <filename>/run/nologin</filename>"
875
" avant de tester l'installation. Exécutez la commande suivante en tant "
7175 jlepiller 876
"qu'utilisateur <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7164 jlepiller 877
 
878
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7228 jlepiller 879
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:481
7165 jlepiller 880
#, no-wrap
7164 jlepiller 881
msgid "<userinput>rm -f /run/nologin</userinput>"
7165 jlepiller 882
msgstr "<userinput>rm -f /run/nologin</userinput>"
7164 jlepiller 883
 
7156 jlepiller 884
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><warning><para>
7228 jlepiller 885
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:485
7156 jlepiller 886
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 887
"At this point, you should do a simple test to see if "
888
"<application>Shadow</application> is working as expected. Open another "
889
"terminal and log in as a user, then <command>su</command> to <systemitem "
890
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem>. If you do not see any errors, then all"
891
" is well and you should proceed with the rest of the configuration. If you "
892
"did receive errors, stop now and double check the above configuration files "
893
"manually. You can also run the test suite from the <application>Linux-"
894
"PAM</application> package to assist you in determining the problem. If you "
895
"cannot find and fix the error, you should recompile "
896
"<application>Shadow</application> adding the <option>--without-"
897
"libpam</option> switch to the <command>configure</command> command in the "
898
"above instructions (also move the <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> "
899
"backup file to <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename>). If you fail to do this"
900
" and the errors remain, you will be unable to log into your system."
7156 jlepiller 901
msgstr ""
902
"À cette étape, vous devriez faire un simple test pour voir si "
903
"<application>Shadow</application> fonctionne comme prévu. Ouvrez un autre "
7165 jlepiller 904
"terminal et connectez-vous en tant qu'utilisateur, puis "
905
"<command>su</command> en <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>. "
906
"Si vous ne voyez pas d'erreurs, tout va bien et vous devriez poursuivre le "
907
"reste de la configuration. Si vous avez reçu des erreurs, arrêtez-vous "
908
"maintenant et vérifiez à deux reprises les fichiers de configuration ci-"
909
"dessus à la main. Vous pouvez aussi lancer la suite de tests à partir du "
910
"paquet <application>Linux-PAM</application> pour vous aider à déterminer le "
7156 jlepiller 911
"problème. Si vous n'arrivez pas à trouver et à corriger l'erreur, vous "
912
"devriez recompiler <application>Shadow</application> en ajoutant le "
913
"paramètre <option>--without-libpam</option> à la commande "
7165 jlepiller 914
"<command>configure</command> dans les instructions ci-dessus (déplacez aussi"
915
" le fichier de sauvegarde <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> dans "
916
"<filename>/etc/login.defs</filename>). Si vous n'arrivez pas à faire cela et"
917
" si les erreurs demeurent, vous ne pourrez pas vous connecter à votre "
918
"système."
7156 jlepiller 919
 
920
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7228 jlepiller 921
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:505
7156 jlepiller 922
msgid "Configuring Login Access"
923
msgstr "Configuration de l'accès Login"
924
 
925
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7228 jlepiller 926
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:508
7156 jlepiller 927
msgid ""
928
"Instead of using the <filename>/etc/login.access</filename> file for "
929
"controlling access to the system, <application>Linux-PAM</application> uses "
7165 jlepiller 930
"the <filename class='libraryfile'>pam_access.so</filename> module along with"
931
" the <filename>/etc/security/access.conf</filename> file.  Rename the "
7156 jlepiller 932
"<filename>/etc/login.access</filename> file using the following command:"
933
msgstr ""
934
"Au lieu d'utiliser le fichier <filename>/etc/login.access</filename> pour "
935
"contrôler l'accès au système, <application>Linux-PAM</application> utilise "
936
"le module <filename class='libraryfile'>pam_access.so</filename> ainsi que "
937
"le fichier <filename>/etc/security/access.conf</filename>. Renommez le "
938
"fichier <filename>/etc/login.access</filename> en utilisant la commande "
939
"suivante&nbsp;:"
940
 
941
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><indexterm><primary>
7228 jlepiller 942
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:517
7156 jlepiller 943
msgid "/etc/security/access.conf"
944
msgstr "/etc/security/access.conf"
945
 
946
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7228 jlepiller 947
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:520
7156 jlepiller 948
#, no-wrap
7165 jlepiller 949
msgid ""
950
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/login.access ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
951
"/etc/login.access{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
952
msgstr ""
953
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/login.access ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
954
"/etc/login.access{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
7156 jlepiller 955
 
956
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7228 jlepiller 957
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:524
7156 jlepiller 958
msgid "Configuring Resource Limits"
959
msgstr "Configuration des limitations de ressources"
960
 
961
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7228 jlepiller 962
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:527
7156 jlepiller 963
msgid ""
964
"Instead of using the <filename>/etc/limits</filename> file for limiting "
965
"usage of system resources, <application>Linux-PAM</application> uses the "
7165 jlepiller 966
"<filename class='libraryfile'>pam_limits.so</filename> module along with the"
967
" <filename>/etc/security/limits.conf</filename> file. Rename the "
968
"<filename>/etc/limits</filename> file using the following command:"
7156 jlepiller 969
msgstr ""
970
"Au lieu d'utiliser le fichier <filename>/etc/limits</filename> pour limiter "
971
"l'utilisation des ressources système, <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
972
"utilise le module <filename class='libraryfile'>pam_limits.so</filename> "
973
"ainsi que le fichier <filename>/etc/security/limits.conf</filename>. "
974
"Renommez le fichier <filename>/etc/limits</filename> en utilisant la "
975
"commande suivante&nbsp;:"
976
 
977
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><indexterm><primary>
7228 jlepiller 978
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:536
7156 jlepiller 979
msgid "/etc/security/limits.conf"
980
msgstr "/etc/security/limits.conf"
981
 
982
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7228 jlepiller 983
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:539
7156 jlepiller 984
#, no-wrap
7165 jlepiller 985
msgid ""
986
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/limits ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
987
"/etc/limits{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
988
msgstr ""
989
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/limits ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
990
"/etc/limits{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
7156 jlepiller 991
 
992
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><caution><para>
7228 jlepiller 993
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:541
7156 jlepiller 994
msgid ""
995
"Be sure to test the login capabilities of the system before logging out.  "
7164 jlepiller 996
"Errors in the configuration can cause a permanent lockout requiring a boot "
7156 jlepiller 997
"from an external source to correct the problem."
998
msgstr ""
7175 jlepiller 999
"Soyez certain de tester le login sur le système avant de le quitter. Des "
1000
"erreurs dans la configuration peuvent causer un blocage permanent demandant "
1001
"un démarrage depuis une source externe pour corriger le problème."
7156 jlepiller 1002
 
1003
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7228 jlepiller 1004
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:552
7156 jlepiller 1005
msgid "Contents"
1006
msgstr "Contenu"
1007
 
1008
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7228 jlepiller 1009
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:555
7156 jlepiller 1010
msgid ""
1011
"A list of the installed files, along with their short descriptions can be "
7165 jlepiller 1012
"found at <phrase revision=\"sysv\"> <ulink url=\"&lfs-"
1013
"root;/chapter06/shadow.html#contents-shadow\"/></phrase> <phrase "
1014
"revision=\"systemd\"> <ulink url=\"&lfs-rootd;/chapter06/shadow.html"
1015
"#contents-shadow\"/></phrase>."
7156 jlepiller 1016
msgstr ""
1017
"Vous pouvez trouver une liste des fichiers installés ainsi que leurs "
7175 jlepiller 1018
"descriptions courtes sur <phrase revision=\"sysv\"><ulink url=\"&lfs-"
7190 jlepiller 1019
"root;/chapter06/shadow.html#contents-shadow\"/></phrase><phrase "
1020
"revision=\"systemd\"><ulink url=\"&lfs-rootd;/chapter06/shadow.html"
1021
"#contents-shadow\"/></phrase>."
7228 jlepiller 1022
 
1023
#~ msgid "2bfafe7d4962682d31b5eba65dba4fc8"
1024
#~ msgstr "2bfafe7d4962682d31b5eba65dba4fc8"
1025
 
1026
#~ msgid "1.5 MB"
7233 jlepiller 1027
#~ msgstr "1.5 Mo"
7228 jlepiller 1028
 
1029
#~ msgid "53 MB"
7233 jlepiller 1030
#~ msgstr "53 Mo"