Subversion Repositories svn LFS-FR

Rev

Rev 7216 | Rev 7233 | Go to most recent revision | Details | Compare with Previous | Last modification | View Log | RSS feed

Rev Author Line No. Line
7156 jlepiller 1
# SOME DESCRIPTIVE TITLE
2
# Copyright (C) YEAR Free Software Foundation, Inc.
3
# This file is distributed under the same license as the PACKAGE package.
4
# FIRST AUTHOR <EMAIL@ADDRESS>, YEAR.
5
#
6
msgid ""
7
msgstr ""
8
"Project-Id-Version: PACKAGE VERSION\n"
9
"POT-Creation-Date: 2016-08-09 15:54+0200\n"
7228 jlepiller 10
"PO-Revision-Date: 2017-02-06 18:12+0000\n"
7156 jlepiller 11
"Last-Translator: roptat <roptat@lepiller.eu>\n"
12
"Language-Team: LANGUAGE <LL@li.org>\n"
13
"MIME-Version: 1.0\n"
14
"Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8\n"
15
"Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit\n"
7197 jlepiller 16
"Language: fr\n"
7156 jlepiller 17
"Plural-Forms: nplurals=2; plural=(n > 1);\n"
7228 jlepiller 18
"X-Generator: Pootle 2.8\n"
19
"X-POOTLE-MTIME: 1486404777.597379\n"
7156 jlepiller 20
 
21
#. type: Content of the shadow-download-http entity
22
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:7
7228 jlepiller 23
#| msgid ""
24
#| "http://pkg-shadow.alioth.debian.org/releases/shadow-&shadow-version;.tar.xz"
7156 jlepiller 25
msgid ""
7228 jlepiller 26
"https://github.com/shadow-maint/shadow/releases/download/&shadow-"
27
"version;/shadow-&shadow-version;.tar.xz"
7156 jlepiller 28
msgstr ""
7228 jlepiller 29
"https://github.com/shadow-maint/shadow/releases/download/&shadow-"
30
"version;/shadow-&shadow-version;.tar.xz"
7156 jlepiller 31
 
32
#. type: Content of the shadow-md5sum entity
33
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:9
7228 jlepiller 34
msgid "c06f8c2571b44899e60662f9ad259dd6"
35
msgstr "c06f8c2571b44899e60662f9ad259dd6"
7156 jlepiller 36
 
37
#. type: Content of the shadow-size entity
38
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:10
7228 jlepiller 39
msgid "1.6 MB"
40
msgstr "1.6 Mo"
7156 jlepiller 41
 
42
#. type: Content of the shadow-buildsize entity
43
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:11
7228 jlepiller 44
msgid "31 MB"
45
msgstr "31 Mo"
7156 jlepiller 46
 
47
#. type: Content of the shadow-time entity
48
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:12
49
msgid "0.2 SBU"
50
msgstr "0.2 SBU"
51
 
52
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect1info>
53
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:19
7228 jlepiller 54
#| msgid ""
55
#| "<othername>$LastChangedBy: bdubbs $</othername> <date>$Date: 2017-02-05 "
56
#| "21:44:26 +0100 (Sun, 05 Feb 2017) $</date>"
7156 jlepiller 57
msgid ""
7228 jlepiller 58
"<othername>$LastChangedBy: pierre $</othername> <date>$Date: 2017-02-06 "
59
"14:02:35 +0100 (Mon, 06 Feb 2017) $</date>"
7156 jlepiller 60
msgstr ""
7228 jlepiller 61
"<othername>$LastChangedBy: pierre $</othername> <date>$Date: 2017-02-06 "
62
"14:02:35 +0100 (Mon, 06 Feb 2017) $</date>"
7156 jlepiller 63
 
64
#. type: Content of: <sect1><title>
65
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:23
66
msgid "Shadow-&shadow-version;"
67
msgstr "Shadow-&shadow-version;"
68
 
69
#. type: Content of: <sect1><indexterm><primary>
70
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:26
71
msgid "Shadow"
72
msgstr "Shadow"
73
 
74
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
75
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:30
76
msgid "Introduction to Shadow"
77
msgstr "Introduction à Shadow"
78
 
79
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
80
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:33
81
msgid ""
82
"<application>Shadow</application> was indeed installed in LFS and there is "
7165 jlepiller 83
"no reason to reinstall it unless you installed "
84
"<application>CrackLib</application> or <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
85
"after your LFS system was completed.  If you have installed "
86
"<application>CrackLib</application> after LFS, then reinstalling "
87
"<application>Shadow</application> will enable strong password support. If "
88
"you have installed <application>Linux-PAM</application>, reinstalling "
89
"<application>Shadow</application> will allow programs such as "
90
"<command>login</command> and <command>su</command> to utilize PAM."
7156 jlepiller 91
msgstr ""
92
"<application>Shadow</application> a effectivement été installé dans LFS et "
93
"il n'y a aucune raison pour le réinstaller, sauf si vous avez installé "
94
"<application>CrackLib</application> ou <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
95
"après que votre système LFS ai été terminé. Si vous avez installé "
96
"<application>CrackLib</application> après LFS, la réinstallation de "
97
"<application>Shadow</application> activera le support des mots de passe "
98
"renforcés. Si vous avez installé <application>Linux-PAM</application>, la "
99
"réinstallation de <application>Shadow</application> permettra à des "
100
"programmes tels que <command>login</command> et <command>su</command> "
101
"d'utiliser PAM."
102
 
103
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><bridgehead>
104
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:46
105
msgid "Package Information"
106
msgstr "Informations sur le paquet"
107
 
108
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
109
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:50
110
msgid "Download (HTTP): <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-http;\"/>"
111
msgstr "Téléchargement (HTTP)&nbsp;: <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-http;\"/>"
112
 
113
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
114
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:55
115
msgid "Download (FTP): <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-ftp;\"/>"
116
msgstr "Téléchargement (FTP)&nbsp;: <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-ftp;\"/>"
117
 
118
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
119
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:60
120
msgid "Download MD5 sum: &shadow-md5sum;"
121
msgstr "Somme de contrôle MD5 du téléchargement&nbsp;: &shadow-md5sum;"
122
 
123
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
124
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:65
125
msgid "Download size: &shadow-size;"
126
msgstr "Taille du téléchargement&nbsp;: &shadow-size;"
127
 
128
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
129
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:70
130
msgid "Estimated disk space required: &shadow-buildsize;"
131
msgstr "Estimation de l'espace disque requis&nbsp;: &shadow-buildsize;"
132
 
133
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
134
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:75
135
msgid "Estimated build time: &shadow-time;"
136
msgstr "Estimation du temps de construction&nbsp;: &shadow-time;"
137
 
138
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><bridgehead>
139
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:80
140
msgid "Shadow Dependencies"
141
msgstr "Dépendances de Shadow"
142
 
143
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><bridgehead>
144
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:82
145
msgid "Required"
146
msgstr "Requises"
147
 
148
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
149
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:84
150
msgid "<xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> or <xref linkend=\"cracklib\"/>"
151
msgstr "<xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> ou <xref linkend=\"cracklib\"/>"
152
 
153
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
154
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:89
155
msgid "User Notes: <ulink url=\"&blfs-wiki;/shadow\"/>"
156
msgstr "Notes utilisateur&nbsp;: <ulink url=\"&blfs-wiki;/shadow\"/>"
157
 
158
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
159
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:94
160
msgid "Installation of Shadow"
161
msgstr "Installation de Shadow"
162
 
163
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><important><para>
164
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:98
165
msgid ""
166
"The installation commands shown below are for installations where "
167
"<application>Linux-PAM</application> has been installed (with or without a "
7165 jlepiller 168
"<application>CrackLib</application> installation) and "
169
"<application>Shadow</application> is being reinstalled to support the "
170
"<application>Linux-PAM</application> installation."
7156 jlepiller 171
msgstr ""
172
"Les commandes d'installation indiquées ci-dessous valent pour les "
7165 jlepiller 173
"installations où on a installé <application>Linux-PAM</application> (avec ou"
174
" sans installation de <application>CrackLib</application>) et "
7156 jlepiller 175
"<application>Shadow</application> devra être réinstallé pour supporter "
176
"l'installation de <application>Linux-PAM</application>."
177
 
178
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><important><para>
179
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:106
180
msgid ""
181
"If you are reinstalling <application>Shadow</application> to provide strong "
182
"password support using the <application>CrackLib</application> library "
183
"without using <application>Linux-PAM</application>, ensure you add the "
7165 jlepiller 184
"<parameter>--with-libcrack</parameter> parameter to the "
185
"<command>configure</command> script below and also issue the following "
186
"command:"
7156 jlepiller 187
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 188
"Si vous réinstallez <application>Shadow</application> pour offrir le support"
189
" des mots de passe forts en utilisant la bibliothèque "
190
"<application>CrackLib</application> sans utiliser <application>Linux-"
191
"PAM</application>, assurez-vous d'ajouter le paramètre <parameter>--with-"
192
"libcrack</parameter> au script <command>configure</command> ci-dessous et "
193
"lancez aussi la commande suivante&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 194
 
195
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><important><screen>
196
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:114
197
#, no-wrap
7165 jlepiller 198
msgid ""
199
"<userinput>sed -i 's@DICTPATH.*@DICTPATH\\t/lib/cracklib/pw_dict@' "
200
"etc/login.defs</userinput>"
201
msgstr ""
202
"<userinput>sed -i 's@DICTPATH.*@DICTPATH\\t/lib/cracklib/pw_dict@' "
203
"etc/login.defs</userinput>"
7156 jlepiller 204
 
205
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
206
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:118
207
msgid ""
208
"Reinstall <application>Shadow</application> by running the following "
209
"commands:"
210
msgstr ""
211
"Réinstallez <application>Shadow</application> en lançant les commandes "
212
"suivantes&nbsp;:"
213
 
214
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><screen>
215
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:122
216
#, no-wrap
217
msgid ""
218
"<userinput>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in &amp;&amp;\n"
7228 jlepiller 219
"\n"
220
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/groups\\.1 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 221
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/getspnam\\.3 / /' {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
222
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/passwd\\.5 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
223
"\n"
224
"sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' \\\n"
225
"       -e 's@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs &amp;&amp;\n"
226
"\n"
7228 jlepiller 227
"sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd                           &amp;&amp;\n"
228
"sed -i -e '/snprintf/s@_msg,@_msg, 256,@' src/su.c         &amp;&amp;\n"
229
"sed -i -e '47 d' -e '60,65 d'             libmisc/myname.c &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 230
"\n"
231
"./configure --sysconfdir=/etc --with-group-name-max-length=32 &amp;&amp;\n"
232
"make</userinput>"
233
msgstr ""
234
"<userinput>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in &amp;&amp;\n"
7228 jlepiller 235
"\n"
236
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/groups\\.1 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 237
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/getspnam\\.3 / /' {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
238
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/passwd\\.5 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
239
"\n"
240
"sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' \\\n"
241
"       -e 's@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs &amp;&amp;\n"
242
"\n"
7228 jlepiller 243
"sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd                           &amp;&amp;\n"
244
"sed -i -e '/snprintf/s@_msg,@_msg, 256,@' src/su.c         &amp;&amp;\n"
245
"sed -i -e '47 d' -e '60,65 d'             libmisc/myname.c &amp;&amp;\n"
7156 jlepiller 246
"\n"
247
"./configure --sysconfdir=/etc --with-group-name-max-length=32 &amp;&amp;\n"
248
"make</userinput>"
249
 
250
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7228 jlepiller 251
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:139
7156 jlepiller 252
msgid "This package does not come with a test suite."
253
msgstr "Ce paquet n'est pas fourni avec une suite de tests."
254
 
255
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7228 jlepiller 256
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:143
7156 jlepiller 257
msgid "Now, as the <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
258
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 259
"Maintenant, en tant qu'utilisateur <systemitem "
260
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 261
 
262
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><screen>
7228 jlepiller 263
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:146
7156 jlepiller 264
#, no-wrap
265
msgid ""
266
"<userinput>make install &amp;&amp;\n"
267
"mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</userinput>"
268
msgstr ""
269
"<userinput>make install &amp;&amp;\n"
270
"mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</userinput>"
271
 
272
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7228 jlepiller 273
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:151
7156 jlepiller 274
msgid "Command Explanations"
275
msgstr "Explication des commandes"
276
 
277
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7228 jlepiller 278
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:154
7156 jlepiller 279
msgid ""
280
"<command>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in</command>: This sed "
281
"is used to suppress the installation of the <command>groups</command> "
7165 jlepiller 282
"program as the version from the <application>Coreutils</application> package"
283
" installed during LFS is preferred."
7156 jlepiller 284
msgstr ""
285
"<command>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in</command>&nbsp;: "
286
"Cette commande est utilisée pour supprimer l'installation du programme "
287
"<command>groups</command> vu qu'on préfère la version issue du paquet "
288
"<application>Coreutils</application> installé avec LFS."
289
 
290
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7228 jlepiller 291
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:161
7156 jlepiller 292
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 293
"<command>find man -name Makefile.in -exec ... {} \\;</command>: This command"
294
" is used to suppress the installation of the <command>groups</command> man "
295
"pages so the existing ones installed from the "
296
"<application>Coreutils</application> package are not replaced."
7156 jlepiller 297
msgstr ""
7184 jlepiller 298
"<command>find man -name Makefile.in -exec ... {} \\;</command>&nbsp;: Cette "
7156 jlepiller 299
"commande est utilisée pour supprimer l'installation des pages de manuel "
7216 jlepiller 300
"<command>groups</command> pour que celles existantes et issues du paquet "
7156 jlepiller 301
"<application>Coreutils</application> ne soient pas remplacées."
302
 
303
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7228 jlepiller 304
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:168
7156 jlepiller 305
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 306
"<command>sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' -e "
307
"'s@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs</command>: Instead of using "
308
"the default 'DES' method, this command modifies the installation to use the "
309
"more secure 'SHA512' method of hashing passwords, which also allows "
310
"passwords longer than eight characters. It also changes the obsolete "
311
"<filename class=\"directory\">/var/spool/mail</filename> location for user "
312
"mailboxes that <application>Shadow</application> uses by default to the "
313
"<filename class=\"directory\">/var/mail</filename> location."
7156 jlepiller 314
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 315
"<command>sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' -e "
316
"'s@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs</command>&nbsp;: Au lieu "
317
"d'utiliser la méthode 'DES' par défaut, cette commande modifie "
7216 jlepiller 318
"l'installation pour utiliser la méthode plus sécurisée de hashage des mots "
319
"de passe 'SHA512', qui autorise aussi les mots de passe d'une longueur "
320
"supérieure à huit caractères. Elle modifie aussi l'emplacement <filename "
321
"class=\"directory\">/var/spool/mail</filename> obsolète pour les boîtes aux "
322
"lettres utilisateur qu'utilise <application>Shadow</application> par défaut "
323
"en <filename class=\"directory\">/var/mail</filename>."
7156 jlepiller 324
 
325
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7228 jlepiller 326
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:179
7156 jlepiller 327
msgid ""
328
"<command>sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd</command>: Make a minor change to "
329
"make the default useradd consistent with the LFS groups file."
330
msgstr ""
331
"<command>sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd</command>&nbsp;: Fait une "
7216 jlepiller 332
"modification mineure pour faire que l'ajout de l'utilisateur par défaut soit"
333
" cohérent avec le fichier groups de LFS."
7156 jlepiller 334
 
335
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7228 jlepiller 336
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:184
7156 jlepiller 337
msgid ""
7228 jlepiller 338
"<command>sed -i -e '/snprintf/s@_msg,@_msg, 256,@' src/su.c</command>: Fix a"
339
" build error that only occurs if <xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> is detected "
340
"by <command>configure</command>."
341
msgstr ""
342
"<command>sed -i -e '/snprintf/s@_msg,@_msg, 256,@' src/su.c</command>&nbsp;:"
343
" Corrige une erreur de construction qui n'arrive que si <xref linkend"
344
"=\"linux-pam\"/> est détecté par <command>configure</command>."
345
 
346
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
347
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:190
348
msgid ""
349
"<command>sed -i '47 d' -e '60,65 d' libmisc/myname.c</command>: Apply a "
350
"security fix from upstream."
351
msgstr ""
352
"<command>sed -i '47 d' -e '60,65 d' libmisc/myname.c</command>&nbsp;: "
353
"Applique un correctif de sécurité amont."
354
 
355
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
356
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:195
357
msgid ""
7190 jlepiller 358
"<parameter>--with-group-name-max-length=32</parameter>: The maximum user "
359
"name is 32 characters. Make the maximum group name the same."
7156 jlepiller 360
msgstr ""
7196 jlepiller 361
"<parameter>--with-group-name-max-length=32</parameter>&nbsp;: Le nom "
7197 jlepiller 362
"d'utilisateur utilise au maximum 32 caractères. Faites la même chose pour le"
363
" nom du groupe."
7156 jlepiller 364
 
365
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7228 jlepiller 366
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:200
7156 jlepiller 367
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 368
"<command>mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</command>: The <command>passwd</command>"
369
" program may be needed during times when the <filename "
370
"class='directory'>/usr</filename> filesystem is not mounted so it is moved "
371
"into the root partition."
7156 jlepiller 372
msgstr ""
373
"<command>mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</command>&nbsp;: Le programme "
374
"<command>passwd</command> peut être nécessaire aux moments où le système de "
375
"fichiers <filename class='directory'>/usr</filename> n'est pas monté pour "
376
"qu'il soit déplacé dans la partition racine. "
377
 
378
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7228 jlepiller 379
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:208
7156 jlepiller 380
msgid "Configuring Shadow"
381
msgstr "Configuration de Shadow"
382
 
383
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7228 jlepiller 384
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:211
7156 jlepiller 385
msgid ""
386
"<application>Shadow</application>'s stock configuration for the "
387
"<command>useradd</command> utility may not be desirable for your "
388
"installation. One default parameter causes <command>useradd</command> to "
7165 jlepiller 389
"create a mailbox file for any newly created user.  "
390
"<command>useradd</command> will make the group ownership of this file to the"
391
" <systemitem class=\"groupname\">mail</systemitem> group with 0660 "
392
"permissions. If you would prefer that these mailbox files are not created by"
393
" <command>useradd</command>, issue the following command as the <systemitem "
394
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
7156 jlepiller 395
msgstr ""
396
"La configuration par défaut de <application>Shadow</application> pour "
397
"l'outil <command>useradd</command> peut ne pas être désirable pour votre "
398
"installation. Un paramètre par défaut a pour conséquence que "
399
"<command>useradd</command> crée un fichier de boîte aux lettres pour chaque "
400
"nouvel utilisateur créé. <command>useradd</command> donnera l'appartenance "
7165 jlepiller 401
"de groupe de ce fichier au groupe <systemitem "
402
"class=\"groupname\">mail</systemitem> avec les droits 0660. Si vous "
7216 jlepiller 403
"préférerez que ces fichiers boîtes aux lettres ne soient pas créés par "
7165 jlepiller 404
"<command>useradd</command>, lancez la commande suivante en tant "
405
"qu'utilisateur <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 406
 
407
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><screen>
7228 jlepiller 408
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:222
7156 jlepiller 409
#, no-wrap
410
msgid "<userinput>sed -i 's/yes/no/' /etc/default/useradd</userinput>"
411
msgstr "<userinput>sed -i 's/yes/no/' /etc/default/useradd</userinput>"
412
 
413
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7228 jlepiller 414
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:226
7156 jlepiller 415
msgid "Configuring Linux-PAM to Work with Shadow"
416
msgstr "Configuration de Linux-PAM pour fonctionner avec Shadow"
417
 
418
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><note><para>
7228 jlepiller 419
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:230
7156 jlepiller 420
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 421
"The rest of this page is devoted to configuring "
422
"<application>Shadow</application> to work properly with <application>Linux-"
423
"PAM</application>. If you do not have <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
424
"installed, and you reinstalled <application>Shadow</application> to support "
425
"strong passwords via the <application>CrackLib</application> library, no "
426
"further configuration is required."
7156 jlepiller 427
msgstr ""
428
"Le reste de cette page est consacré à la configuration de "
429
"<application>Shadow</application> pour fonctionner correctement avec "
430
"<application>Linux-PAM</application>. Si vous n'avez pas installé "
431
"<application>Linux-PAM</application> et si vous avez réinstallé "
7165 jlepiller 432
"<application>Shadow</application> pour supporter les mots de passe forts via"
433
" la bibliothèque <application>CrackLib</application>, aucune configuration "
7156 jlepiller 434
"supplémentaire n'est nécessaire."
435
 
436
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><title>
7228 jlepiller 437
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:241
7156 jlepiller 438
msgid "Config Files"
439
msgstr "Fichiers de configuration"
440
 
441
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><para>
7228 jlepiller 442
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:244
7156 jlepiller 443
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 444
"<filename>/etc/pam.d/*</filename> or alternatively "
445
"<filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>, <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename> and"
446
" <filename>/etc/security/*</filename>"
7156 jlepiller 447
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 448
"<filename>/etc/pam.d/*</filename> or alternatively "
449
"<filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>, <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename> et "
450
"<filename>/etc/security/*</filename>"
7156 jlepiller 451
 
452
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><indexterm><primary>
7228 jlepiller 453
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:251
7156 jlepiller 454
msgid "/etc/pam.d/*"
455
msgstr "/etc/pam.d/*"
456
 
457
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><indexterm><primary>
7228 jlepiller 458
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:255
7156 jlepiller 459
msgid "/etc/pam.conf"
460
msgstr "/etc/pam.conf"
461
 
462
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><indexterm><primary>
7228 jlepiller 463
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:259
464
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:306
7156 jlepiller 465
msgid "/etc/login.defs"
466
msgstr "/etc/login.defs"
467
 
468
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><indexterm><primary>
7228 jlepiller 469
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:263
7156 jlepiller 470
msgid "/etc/security/*"
471
msgstr "/etc/security/*"
472
 
473
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><title>
7228 jlepiller 474
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:268
7156 jlepiller 475
msgid "Configuration Information"
476
msgstr "Informations de configuration"
477
 
478
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><para>
7228 jlepiller 479
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:271
7156 jlepiller 480
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 481
"Configuring your system to use <application>Linux-PAM</application> can be a"
482
" complex task. The information below will provide a basic setup so that "
7156 jlepiller 483
"<application>Shadow</application>'s login and password functionality will "
484
"work effectively with <application>Linux-PAM</application>. Review the "
485
"information and links on the <xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> page for further "
486
"configuration information. For information specific to integrating "
487
"<application>Shadow</application>, <application>Linux-PAM</application> and "
488
"<application>CrackLib</application>, you can visit the following link:"
489
msgstr ""
7165 jlepiller 490
"La configuration de votre système pour utiliser <application>Linux-"
491
"PAM</application> peut être une tâche complexe. Les informations ci-dessous "
492
"fourniront un paramétrage de base pour que la fonctionnalité de connexion et"
493
" de mot de passe de <application>Shadow</application> fonctionne bien avec "
494
"<application>Linux-PAM</application>. Regardez les informations et les liens"
495
" sur la page <xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> pour des informations de "
7156 jlepiller 496
"configuration supplémentaires. Pour des informations spécifiques à "
7165 jlepiller 497
"l'intégration de <application>Shadow</application>, <application>Linux-"
498
"PAM</application> et <application>CrackLib</application>, vous pouvez "
499
"visiter les liens suivants&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 500
 
501
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
7228 jlepiller 502
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:286
7165 jlepiller 503
msgid "<ulink url=\"http://www.deer-run.com/~hal/sysadmin/pam_cracklib.html\"/>"
504
msgstr "<ulink url=\"http://www.deer-run.com/~hal/sysadmin/pam_cracklib.html\"/>"
7156 jlepiller 505
 
506
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7228 jlepiller 507
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:292
7156 jlepiller 508
msgid "Configuring /etc/login.defs"
509
msgstr "Configuration de /etc/login.defs"
510
 
511
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7228 jlepiller 512
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:295
7156 jlepiller 513
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 514
"The <command>login</command> program currently performs many functions which"
515
" <application>Linux-PAM</application> modules should now handle.  The "
7156 jlepiller 516
"following <command>sed</command> command will comment out the appropriate "
7165 jlepiller 517
"lines in <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename>, and stop "
518
"<command>login</command> from performing these functions (a backup file "
519
"named <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> is also created to preserve "
520
"the original file's contents). Issue the following commands as the "
521
"<systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
7156 jlepiller 522
msgstr ""
523
"Le programme <command>login</command> effectue actuellement beaucoup de "
524
"fonctions que les modules <application>Linux-PAM</application> devraient "
525
"maintenant gérer. La commande <command>sed</command> suivante va commenter "
526
"les lignes adéquates dans <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename> et empêcher "
7165 jlepiller 527
"<command>login</command> d'effectuer ces fonctions (un fichier de sauvegarde"
528
" appelé <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> est également créé pour "
529
"préserver le contenu du fichier d'origine). Exécutez les commandes suivantes"
530
" en tant qu'utilisateur <systemitem "
531
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 532
 
533
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7228 jlepiller 534
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:309
7156 jlepiller 535
#, no-wrap
536
msgid ""
537
"<userinput>install -v -m644 /etc/login.defs /etc/login.defs.orig &amp;&amp;\n"
538
"for FUNCTION in FAIL_DELAY               \\\n"
539
"                FAILLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
540
"                LASTLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
541
"                MAIL_CHECK_ENAB          \\\n"
542
"                OBSCURE_CHECKS_ENAB      \\\n"
543
"                PORTTIME_CHECKS_ENAB     \\\n"
544
"                QUOTAS_ENAB              \\\n"
545
"                CONSOLE MOTD_FILE        \\\n"
546
"                FTMP_FILE NOLOGINS_FILE  \\\n"
547
"                ENV_HZ PASS_MIN_LEN      \\\n"
548
"                SU_WHEEL_ONLY            \\\n"
549
"                CRACKLIB_DICTPATH        \\\n"
550
"                PASS_CHANGE_TRIES        \\\n"
551
"                PASS_ALWAYS_WARN         \\\n"
552
"                CHFN_AUTH ENCRYPT_METHOD \\\n"
553
"                ENVIRON_FILE\n"
554
"do\n"
555
"    sed -i \"s/^${FUNCTION}/# &amp;/\" /etc/login.defs\n"
556
"done</userinput>"
557
msgstr ""
558
"<userinput>install -v -m644 /etc/login.defs /etc/login.defs.orig &amp;&amp;\n"
559
"for FUNCTION in FAIL_DELAY               \\\n"
560
"                FAILLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
561
"                LASTLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
562
"                MAIL_CHECK_ENAB          \\\n"
563
"                OBSCURE_CHECKS_ENAB      \\\n"
564
"                PORTTIME_CHECKS_ENAB     \\\n"
565
"                QUOTAS_ENAB              \\\n"
566
"                CONSOLE MOTD_FILE        \\\n"
567
"                FTMP_FILE NOLOGINS_FILE  \\\n"
568
"                ENV_HZ PASS_MIN_LEN      \\\n"
569
"                SU_WHEEL_ONLY            \\\n"
570
"                CRACKLIB_DICTPATH        \\\n"
571
"                PASS_CHANGE_TRIES        \\\n"
572
"                PASS_ALWAYS_WARN         \\\n"
573
"                CHFN_AUTH ENCRYPT_METHOD \\\n"
574
"                ENVIRON_FILE\n"
575
"do\n"
576
"    sed -i \"s/^${FUNCTION}/# &amp;/\" /etc/login.defs\n"
577
"done</userinput>"
578
 
579
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7228 jlepiller 580
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:332
7156 jlepiller 581
msgid "Configuring the /etc/pam.d/ Files"
582
msgstr "Configuration des fichiers /etc/pam.d/"
583
 
584
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7228 jlepiller 585
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:335
7156 jlepiller 586
msgid ""
587
"As mentioned previously in the <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
7165 jlepiller 588
"instructions, <application>Linux-PAM</application> has two supported methods"
589
" for configuration. The commands below assume that you've chosen to use a "
7156 jlepiller 590
"directory based configuration, where each program has its own configuration "
591
"file.  You can optionally use a single <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename> "
7165 jlepiller 592
"configuration file by using the text from the files below, and supplying the"
593
" program name as an additional first field for each line."
7156 jlepiller 594
msgstr ""
595
"Comme indiqué précédemment dans les instructions pour <application>Linux-"
596
"PAM</application>, <application>Linux-PAM</application> supporte deux "
597
"méthodes de configuration. Les commandes ci-dessous supposent que vous avez "
598
"choisi d'utiliser une configuration basée sur le répertoire, où chaque "
599
"programme a son propre fichier de configuration. Vous pouvez éventuellement "
7165 jlepiller 600
"utiliser un seul fichier de configuration <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>"
601
" en utilisant le texte de configuration des fichiers ci-dessous, en "
7156 jlepiller 602
"fournissant le nom du programme comme premier champ à chaque ligne."
603
 
604
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7228 jlepiller 605
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:346
7156 jlepiller 606
msgid ""
607
"As the <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user, replace the "
608
"following <application>Linux-PAM</application> configuration files in the "
609
"<filename class=\"directory\">/etc/pam.d/</filename> directory (or add the "
610
"contents to the <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename> file)  using the "
611
"following commands:"
612
msgstr ""
613
"En tant qu'utilisateur <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>, "
7165 jlepiller 614
"remplacez les fichiers de configuration <application>Linux-PAM</application>"
615
" suivants dans le répertoire <filename "
616
"class=\"directory\">/etc/pam.d/</filename> (ou ajoutez le contenu du fichier"
617
" <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename>) en utilisant les commandes "
618
"suivantes&nbsp;:"
7156 jlepiller 619
 
620
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7228 jlepiller 621
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:355
7156 jlepiller 622
msgid "'login'"
623
msgstr "'login'"
624
 
625
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7228 jlepiller 626
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:357
7156 jlepiller 627
#, no-wrap
628
msgid ""
629
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/login &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
630
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/login\n"
631
"\n"
632
"# Set failure delay before next prompt to 3 seconds\n"
633
"auth      optional    pam_faildelay.so  delay=3000000\n"
634
"\n"
635
"# Check to make sure that the user is allowed to login\n"
636
"auth      requisite   pam_nologin.so\n"
637
"\n"
638
"# Check to make sure that root is allowed to login\n"
639
"# Disabled by default. You will need to create /etc/securetty\n"
640
"# file for this module to function. See man 5 securetty.\n"
641
"#auth      required    pam_securetty.so\n"
642
"\n"
643
"# Additional group memberships - disabled by default\n"
644
"#auth      optional    pam_group.so\n"
645
"\n"
646
"# include the default auth settings\n"
647
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
648
"\n"
649
"# check access for the user\n"
650
"account   required    pam_access.so\n"
651
"\n"
652
"# include the default account settings\n"
653
"account   include     system-account\n"
654
"\n"
655
"# Set default environment variables for the user\n"
656
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
657
"\n"
658
"# Set resource limits for the user\n"
659
"session   required    pam_limits.so\n"
660
"\n"
661
"# Display date of last login - Disabled by default\n"
662
"#session   optional    pam_lastlog.so\n"
663
"\n"
664
"# Display the message of the day - Disabled by default\n"
665
"#session   optional    pam_motd.so\n"
666
"\n"
667
"# Check user's mail - Disabled by default\n"
668
"#session   optional    pam_mail.so      standard quiet\n"
669
"\n"
670
"# include the default session and password settings\n"
671
"session   include     system-session\n"
672
"password  include     system-password\n"
673
"\n"
674
"# End /etc/pam.d/login</literal>\n"
675
"EOF</userinput>"
676
msgstr ""
677
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/login &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
678
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/login\n"
679
"\n"
680
"# Set failure delay before next prompt to 3 seconds\n"
681
"auth      optional    pam_faildelay.so  delay=3000000\n"
682
"\n"
683
"# Check to make sure that the user is allowed to login\n"
684
"auth      requisite   pam_nologin.so\n"
685
"\n"
686
"# Check to make sure that root is allowed to login\n"
687
"# Disabled by default. You will need to create /etc/securetty\n"
688
"# file for this module to function. See man 5 securetty.\n"
689
"#auth      required    pam_securetty.so\n"
690
"\n"
691
"# Additional group memberships - disabled by default\n"
692
"#auth      optional    pam_group.so\n"
693
"\n"
694
"# include the default auth settings\n"
695
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
696
"\n"
697
"# check access for the user\n"
698
"account   required    pam_access.so\n"
699
"\n"
700
"# include the default account settings\n"
701
"account   include     system-account\n"
702
"\n"
703
"# Set default environment variables for the user\n"
704
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
705
"\n"
706
"# Set resource limits for the user\n"
707
"session   required    pam_limits.so\n"
708
"\n"
709
"# Display date of last login - Disabled by default\n"
710
"#session   optional    pam_lastlog.so\n"
711
"\n"
712
"# Display the message of the day - Disabled by default\n"
713
"#session   optional    pam_motd.so\n"
714
"\n"
715
"# Check user's mail - Disabled by default\n"
716
"#session   optional    pam_mail.so      standard quiet\n"
717
"\n"
718
"# include the default session and password settings\n"
719
"session   include     system-session\n"
720
"password  include     system-password\n"
721
"\n"
722
"# End /etc/pam.d/login</literal>\n"
723
"EOF</userinput>"
724
 
725
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7228 jlepiller 726
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:407
7156 jlepiller 727
msgid "'passwd'"
728
msgstr "'passwd'"
729
 
730
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7228 jlepiller 731
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:409
7156 jlepiller 732
#, no-wrap
733
msgid ""
734
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/passwd &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
735
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/passwd\n"
736
"\n"
737
"password  include     system-password\n"
738
"\n"
739
"# End /etc/pam.d/passwd</literal>\n"
740
"EOF</userinput>"
741
msgstr ""
742
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/passwd &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
743
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/passwd\n"
744
"\n"
745
"password  include     system-password\n"
746
"\n"
747
"# End /etc/pam.d/passwd</literal>\n"
748
"EOF</userinput>"
749
 
750
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7228 jlepiller 751
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:419
7156 jlepiller 752
msgid "'su'"
753
msgstr "'su'"
754
 
755
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7228 jlepiller 756
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:421
7156 jlepiller 757
#, no-wrap
758
msgid ""
759
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/su &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
760
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/su\n"
761
"\n"
762
"# always allow root\n"
763
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
764
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
765
"\n"
766
"# include the default account settings\n"
767
"account   include     system-account\n"
768
"\n"
769
"# Set default environment variables for the service user\n"
770
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
771
"\n"
772
"# include system session defaults\n"
773
"session   include     system-session\n"
774
"\n"
775
"# End /etc/pam.d/su</literal>\n"
776
"EOF</userinput>"
777
msgstr ""
778
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/su &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
779
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/su\n"
780
"\n"
781
"# always allow root\n"
782
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
783
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
784
"\n"
785
"# include the default account settings\n"
786
"account   include     system-account\n"
787
"\n"
788
"# Set default environment variables for the service user\n"
789
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
790
"\n"
791
"# include system session defaults\n"
792
"session   include     system-session\n"
793
"\n"
794
"# End /etc/pam.d/su</literal>\n"
795
"EOF</userinput>"
796
 
797
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7228 jlepiller 798
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:442
7156 jlepiller 799
msgid "'chage'"
800
msgstr "'chage'"
801
 
802
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7228 jlepiller 803
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:444
7165 jlepiller 804
#, no-wrap
7156 jlepiller 805
msgid ""
806
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/chage &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
7164 jlepiller 807
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/chage\n"
7156 jlepiller 808
"\n"
809
"# always allow root\n"
810
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
811
"\n"
812
"# include system defaults for auth account and session\n"
813
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
814
"account   include     system-account\n"
815
"session   include     system-session\n"
816
"\n"
817
"# Always permit for authentication updates\n"
818
"password  required    pam_permit.so\n"
819
"\n"
820
"# End /etc/pam.d/chage</literal>\n"
821
"EOF</userinput>"
822
msgstr ""
823
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/chage &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
7165 jlepiller 824
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/chage\n"
7156 jlepiller 825
"\n"
826
"# always allow root\n"
827
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
828
"\n"
829
"# include system defaults for auth account and session\n"
830
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
831
"account   include     system-account\n"
832
"session   include     system-session\n"
833
"\n"
834
"# Always permit for authentication updates\n"
835
"password  required    pam_permit.so\n"
836
"\n"
837
"# End /etc/pam.d/chage</literal>\n"
838
"EOF</userinput>"
839
 
840
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7228 jlepiller 841
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:463
7156 jlepiller 842
msgid "Other common programs"
843
msgstr "Autres programmes utiles"
844
 
845
#. <title>
846
#. 'chfn', 'chgpasswd', 'chgpasswd', 'chsh', 'groupadd', 'groupdel',
847
#.         'groupmems', 'groupmod', 'newusers', 'useradd', 'userdel' and
848
#.         'usermod'</title>
849
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7228 jlepiller 850
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:468
7156 jlepiller 851
#, no-wrap
852
msgid ""
853
"<userinput>for PROGRAM in chfn chgpasswd chpasswd chsh groupadd groupdel \\\n"
854
"               groupmems groupmod newusers useradd userdel usermod\n"
855
"do\n"
856
"    install -v -m644 /etc/pam.d/chage /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
857
"    sed -i \"s/chage/$PROGRAM/\" /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
858
"done</userinput>"
859
msgstr ""
860
"<userinput>for PROGRAM in chfn chgpasswd chpasswd chsh groupadd groupdel \\\n"
861
"               groupmems groupmod newusers useradd userdel usermod\n"
862
"do\n"
863
"    install -v -m644 /etc/pam.d/chage /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
864
"    sed -i \"s/chage/$PROGRAM/\" /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
865
"done</userinput>"
866
 
7164 jlepiller 867
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7228 jlepiller 868
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:475
7164 jlepiller 869
msgid ""
870
"Because the installation of <application>systemd</application> is not yet "
7165 jlepiller 871
"complete, you will need to remove the <filename>/run/nologin</filename> file"
872
" before testing the installation. Execute the following command as the "
7164 jlepiller 873
"<systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
874
msgstr ""
7175 jlepiller 875
"Comme l'installation de <application>systemd</application> n'est pas encore "
7190 jlepiller 876
"complète, vous devrez supprimer le fichier <filename>/run/nologin</filename>"
877
" avant de tester l'installation. Exécutez la commande suivante en tant "
7175 jlepiller 878
"qu'utilisateur <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
7164 jlepiller 879
 
880
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7228 jlepiller 881
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:481
7165 jlepiller 882
#, no-wrap
7164 jlepiller 883
msgid "<userinput>rm -f /run/nologin</userinput>"
7165 jlepiller 884
msgstr "<userinput>rm -f /run/nologin</userinput>"
7164 jlepiller 885
 
7156 jlepiller 886
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><warning><para>
7228 jlepiller 887
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:485
7156 jlepiller 888
msgid ""
7165 jlepiller 889
"At this point, you should do a simple test to see if "
890
"<application>Shadow</application> is working as expected. Open another "
891
"terminal and log in as a user, then <command>su</command> to <systemitem "
892
"class=\"username\">root</systemitem>. If you do not see any errors, then all"
893
" is well and you should proceed with the rest of the configuration. If you "
894
"did receive errors, stop now and double check the above configuration files "
895
"manually. You can also run the test suite from the <application>Linux-"
896
"PAM</application> package to assist you in determining the problem. If you "
897
"cannot find and fix the error, you should recompile "
898
"<application>Shadow</application> adding the <option>--without-"
899
"libpam</option> switch to the <command>configure</command> command in the "
900
"above instructions (also move the <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> "
901
"backup file to <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename>). If you fail to do this"
902
" and the errors remain, you will be unable to log into your system."
7156 jlepiller 903
msgstr ""
904
"À cette étape, vous devriez faire un simple test pour voir si "
905
"<application>Shadow</application> fonctionne comme prévu. Ouvrez un autre "
7165 jlepiller 906
"terminal et connectez-vous en tant qu'utilisateur, puis "
907
"<command>su</command> en <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>. "
908
"Si vous ne voyez pas d'erreurs, tout va bien et vous devriez poursuivre le "
909
"reste de la configuration. Si vous avez reçu des erreurs, arrêtez-vous "
910
"maintenant et vérifiez à deux reprises les fichiers de configuration ci-"
911
"dessus à la main. Vous pouvez aussi lancer la suite de tests à partir du "
912
"paquet <application>Linux-PAM</application> pour vous aider à déterminer le "
7156 jlepiller 913
"problème. Si vous n'arrivez pas à trouver et à corriger l'erreur, vous "
914
"devriez recompiler <application>Shadow</application> en ajoutant le "
915
"paramètre <option>--without-libpam</option> à la commande "
7165 jlepiller 916
"<command>configure</command> dans les instructions ci-dessus (déplacez aussi"
917
" le fichier de sauvegarde <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> dans "
918
"<filename>/etc/login.defs</filename>). Si vous n'arrivez pas à faire cela et"
919
" si les erreurs demeurent, vous ne pourrez pas vous connecter à votre "
920
"système."
7156 jlepiller 921
 
922
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7228 jlepiller 923
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:505
7156 jlepiller 924
msgid "Configuring Login Access"
925
msgstr "Configuration de l'accès Login"
926
 
927
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7228 jlepiller 928
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:508
7156 jlepiller 929
msgid ""
930
"Instead of using the <filename>/etc/login.access</filename> file for "
931
"controlling access to the system, <application>Linux-PAM</application> uses "
7165 jlepiller 932
"the <filename class='libraryfile'>pam_access.so</filename> module along with"
933
" the <filename>/etc/security/access.conf</filename> file.  Rename the "
7156 jlepiller 934
"<filename>/etc/login.access</filename> file using the following command:"
935
msgstr ""
936
"Au lieu d'utiliser le fichier <filename>/etc/login.access</filename> pour "
937
"contrôler l'accès au système, <application>Linux-PAM</application> utilise "
938
"le module <filename class='libraryfile'>pam_access.so</filename> ainsi que "
939
"le fichier <filename>/etc/security/access.conf</filename>. Renommez le "
940
"fichier <filename>/etc/login.access</filename> en utilisant la commande "
941
"suivante&nbsp;:"
942
 
943
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><indexterm><primary>
7228 jlepiller 944
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:517
7156 jlepiller 945
msgid "/etc/security/access.conf"
946
msgstr "/etc/security/access.conf"
947
 
948
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7228 jlepiller 949
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:520
7156 jlepiller 950
#, no-wrap
7165 jlepiller 951
msgid ""
952
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/login.access ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
953
"/etc/login.access{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
954
msgstr ""
955
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/login.access ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
956
"/etc/login.access{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
7156 jlepiller 957
 
958
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7228 jlepiller 959
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:524
7156 jlepiller 960
msgid "Configuring Resource Limits"
961
msgstr "Configuration des limitations de ressources"
962
 
963
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7228 jlepiller 964
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:527
7156 jlepiller 965
msgid ""
966
"Instead of using the <filename>/etc/limits</filename> file for limiting "
967
"usage of system resources, <application>Linux-PAM</application> uses the "
7165 jlepiller 968
"<filename class='libraryfile'>pam_limits.so</filename> module along with the"
969
" <filename>/etc/security/limits.conf</filename> file. Rename the "
970
"<filename>/etc/limits</filename> file using the following command:"
7156 jlepiller 971
msgstr ""
972
"Au lieu d'utiliser le fichier <filename>/etc/limits</filename> pour limiter "
973
"l'utilisation des ressources système, <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
974
"utilise le module <filename class='libraryfile'>pam_limits.so</filename> "
975
"ainsi que le fichier <filename>/etc/security/limits.conf</filename>. "
976
"Renommez le fichier <filename>/etc/limits</filename> en utilisant la "
977
"commande suivante&nbsp;:"
978
 
979
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><indexterm><primary>
7228 jlepiller 980
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:536
7156 jlepiller 981
msgid "/etc/security/limits.conf"
982
msgstr "/etc/security/limits.conf"
983
 
984
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7228 jlepiller 985
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:539
7156 jlepiller 986
#, no-wrap
7165 jlepiller 987
msgid ""
988
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/limits ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
989
"/etc/limits{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
990
msgstr ""
991
"<userinput>[ -f /etc/limits ] &amp;&amp; mv -v "
992
"/etc/limits{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
7156 jlepiller 993
 
994
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><caution><para>
7228 jlepiller 995
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:541
7156 jlepiller 996
msgid ""
997
"Be sure to test the login capabilities of the system before logging out.  "
7164 jlepiller 998
"Errors in the configuration can cause a permanent lockout requiring a boot "
7156 jlepiller 999
"from an external source to correct the problem."
1000
msgstr ""
7175 jlepiller 1001
"Soyez certain de tester le login sur le système avant de le quitter. Des "
1002
"erreurs dans la configuration peuvent causer un blocage permanent demandant "
1003
"un démarrage depuis une source externe pour corriger le problème."
7156 jlepiller 1004
 
1005
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7228 jlepiller 1006
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:552
7156 jlepiller 1007
msgid "Contents"
1008
msgstr "Contenu"
1009
 
1010
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7228 jlepiller 1011
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:555
7156 jlepiller 1012
msgid ""
1013
"A list of the installed files, along with their short descriptions can be "
7165 jlepiller 1014
"found at <phrase revision=\"sysv\"> <ulink url=\"&lfs-"
1015
"root;/chapter06/shadow.html#contents-shadow\"/></phrase> <phrase "
1016
"revision=\"systemd\"> <ulink url=\"&lfs-rootd;/chapter06/shadow.html"
1017
"#contents-shadow\"/></phrase>."
7156 jlepiller 1018
msgstr ""
1019
"Vous pouvez trouver une liste des fichiers installés ainsi que leurs "
7175 jlepiller 1020
"descriptions courtes sur <phrase revision=\"sysv\"><ulink url=\"&lfs-"
7190 jlepiller 1021
"root;/chapter06/shadow.html#contents-shadow\"/></phrase><phrase "
1022
"revision=\"systemd\"><ulink url=\"&lfs-rootd;/chapter06/shadow.html"
1023
"#contents-shadow\"/></phrase>."
7228 jlepiller 1024
 
1025
#~ msgid "2bfafe7d4962682d31b5eba65dba4fc8"
1026
#~ msgstr "2bfafe7d4962682d31b5eba65dba4fc8"
1027
 
1028
#~ msgid "1.5 MB"
1029
#~ msgstr "1.5 Mio"
1030
 
1031
#~ msgid "53 MB"
1032
#~ msgstr "53 Mio"