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7156 jlepiller 1
# SOME DESCRIPTIVE TITLE
2
# Copyright (C) YEAR Free Software Foundation, Inc.
3
# This file is distributed under the same license as the PACKAGE package.
4
# FIRST AUTHOR <EMAIL@ADDRESS>, YEAR.
5
#
6
msgid ""
7
msgstr ""
8
"Project-Id-Version: PACKAGE VERSION\n"
9
"POT-Creation-Date: 2016-08-09 15:54+0200\n"
10
"PO-Revision-Date: 2016-08-17 09:24+0000\n"
11
"Last-Translator: roptat <roptat@lepiller.eu>\n"
12
"Language-Team: LANGUAGE <LL@li.org>\n"
13
"Language: fr\n"
14
"MIME-Version: 1.0\n"
15
"Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8\n"
16
"Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit\n"
17
"Plural-Forms: nplurals=2; plural=(n > 1);\n"
18
"X-Generator: Pootle 2.7\n"
19
"X-POOTLE-MTIME: 1471425877.000000\n"
20
 
21
#. type: Content of the shadow-download-http entity
22
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:7
23
msgid ""
24
"http://pkg-shadow.alioth.debian.org/releases/shadow-&shadow-version;.tar.xz"
25
msgstr ""
26
"http://pkg-shadow.alioth.debian.org/releases/shadow-&shadow-version;.tar.xz"
27
 
28
#. type: Content of the shadow-md5sum entity
29
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:9
30
msgid "2bfafe7d4962682d31b5eba65dba4fc8"
31
msgstr "2bfafe7d4962682d31b5eba65dba4fc8"
32
 
33
#. type: Content of the shadow-size entity
34
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:10
35
msgid "1.5 MB"
36
msgstr "1.5 Mio"
37
 
38
#. type: Content of the shadow-buildsize entity
39
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:11
40
msgid "53 MB"
41
msgstr "53 Mio"
42
 
43
#. type: Content of the shadow-time entity
44
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:12
45
msgid "0.2 SBU"
46
msgstr "0.2 SBU"
47
 
48
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect1info>
49
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:19
50
#, fuzzy
51
#| msgid ""
52
#| "<othername>$LastChangedBy: ken $</othername> <date>$Date: 2016-03-04 "
53
#| "05:09:17 +0100 (Fri, 04 Mar 2016) $</date>"
54
msgid ""
7164 jlepiller 55
"<othername>$LastChangedBy: pierre $</othername> <date>$Date: 2016-08-27 "
56
"19:00:09 +0200 (Sat, 27 Aug 2016) $</date>"
7156 jlepiller 57
msgstr ""
58
"<othername>$LastChangedBy: ken $</othername> <date>$Date: 2016-03-04 "
59
"05:09:17 +0100 (ven. 04 mars 2016) $</date>"
60
 
61
#. type: Content of: <sect1><title>
62
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:23
63
msgid "Shadow-&shadow-version;"
64
msgstr "Shadow-&shadow-version;"
65
 
66
#. type: Content of: <sect1><indexterm><primary>
67
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:26
68
msgid "Shadow"
69
msgstr "Shadow"
70
 
71
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
72
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:30
73
msgid "Introduction to Shadow"
74
msgstr "Introduction à Shadow"
75
 
76
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
77
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:33
78
msgid ""
79
"<application>Shadow</application> was indeed installed in LFS and there is "
80
"no reason to reinstall it unless you installed <application>CrackLib</"
81
"application> or <application>Linux-PAM</application> after your LFS system "
82
"was completed.  If you have installed <application>CrackLib</application> "
83
"after LFS, then reinstalling <application>Shadow</application> will enable "
84
"strong password support. If you have installed <application>Linux-PAM</"
85
"application>, reinstalling <application>Shadow</application> will allow "
86
"programs such as <command>login</command> and <command>su</command> to "
87
"utilize PAM."
88
msgstr ""
89
"<application>Shadow</application> a effectivement été installé dans LFS et "
90
"il n'y a aucune raison pour le réinstaller, sauf si vous avez installé "
91
"<application>CrackLib</application> ou <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
92
"après que votre système LFS ai été terminé. Si vous avez installé "
93
"<application>CrackLib</application> après LFS, la réinstallation de "
94
"<application>Shadow</application> activera le support des mots de passe "
95
"renforcés. Si vous avez installé <application>Linux-PAM</application>, la "
96
"réinstallation de <application>Shadow</application> permettra à des "
97
"programmes tels que <command>login</command> et <command>su</command> "
98
"d'utiliser PAM."
99
 
100
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><bridgehead>
101
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:46
102
msgid "Package Information"
103
msgstr "Informations sur le paquet"
104
 
105
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
106
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:50
107
msgid "Download (HTTP): <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-http;\"/>"
108
msgstr "Téléchargement (HTTP)&nbsp;: <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-http;\"/>"
109
 
110
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
111
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:55
112
msgid "Download (FTP): <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-ftp;\"/>"
113
msgstr "Téléchargement (FTP)&nbsp;: <ulink url=\"&shadow-download-ftp;\"/>"
114
 
115
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
116
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:60
117
msgid "Download MD5 sum: &shadow-md5sum;"
118
msgstr "Somme de contrôle MD5 du téléchargement&nbsp;: &shadow-md5sum;"
119
 
120
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
121
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:65
122
msgid "Download size: &shadow-size;"
123
msgstr "Taille du téléchargement&nbsp;: &shadow-size;"
124
 
125
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
126
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:70
127
msgid "Estimated disk space required: &shadow-buildsize;"
128
msgstr "Estimation de l'espace disque requis&nbsp;: &shadow-buildsize;"
129
 
130
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
131
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:75
132
msgid "Estimated build time: &shadow-time;"
133
msgstr "Estimation du temps de construction&nbsp;: &shadow-time;"
134
 
135
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><bridgehead>
136
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:80
137
msgid "Shadow Dependencies"
138
msgstr "Dépendances de Shadow"
139
 
140
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><bridgehead>
141
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:82
142
msgid "Required"
143
msgstr "Requises"
144
 
145
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
146
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:84
147
msgid "<xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> or <xref linkend=\"cracklib\"/>"
148
msgstr "<xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> ou <xref linkend=\"cracklib\"/>"
149
 
150
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
151
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:89
152
msgid "User Notes: <ulink url=\"&blfs-wiki;/shadow\"/>"
153
msgstr "Notes utilisateur&nbsp;: <ulink url=\"&blfs-wiki;/shadow\"/>"
154
 
155
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
156
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:94
157
msgid "Installation of Shadow"
158
msgstr "Installation de Shadow"
159
 
160
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><important><para>
161
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:98
162
msgid ""
163
"The installation commands shown below are for installations where "
164
"<application>Linux-PAM</application> has been installed (with or without a "
165
"<application>CrackLib</application> installation) and <application>Shadow</"
166
"application> is being reinstalled to support the <application>Linux-PAM</"
167
"application> installation."
168
msgstr ""
169
"Les commandes d'installation indiquées ci-dessous valent pour les "
170
"installations où on a installé <application>Linux-PAM</application> (avec ou "
171
"sans installation de <application>CrackLib</application>) et "
172
"<application>Shadow</application> devra être réinstallé pour supporter "
173
"l'installation de <application>Linux-PAM</application>."
174
 
175
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><important><para>
176
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:106
177
msgid ""
178
"If you are reinstalling <application>Shadow</application> to provide strong "
179
"password support using the <application>CrackLib</application> library "
180
"without using <application>Linux-PAM</application>, ensure you add the "
181
"<parameter>--with-libcrack</parameter> parameter to the <command>configure</"
182
"command> script below and also issue the following command:"
183
msgstr ""
184
"Si vous réinstallez <application>Shadow</application> pour offrir le support "
185
"des mots de passe forts en utilisant la bibliothèque <application>CrackLib</"
186
"application> sans utiliser <application>Linux-PAM</application>, assurez-"
187
"vous d'ajouter le paramètre <parameter>--with-libcrack</parameter> au script "
188
"<command>configure</command> ci-dessous et lancez aussi la commande "
189
"suivante&nbsp;:"
190
 
191
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><important><screen>
192
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:114
193
#, no-wrap
194
msgid "<userinput>sed -i 's@DICTPATH.*@DICTPATH\\t/lib/cracklib/pw_dict@' etc/login.defs</userinput>"
195
msgstr "<userinput>sed -i 's@DICTPATH.*@DICTPATH\\t/lib/cracklib/pw_dict@' etc/login.defs</userinput>"
196
 
197
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
198
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:118
199
msgid ""
200
"Reinstall <application>Shadow</application> by running the following "
201
"commands:"
202
msgstr ""
203
"Réinstallez <application>Shadow</application> en lançant les commandes "
204
"suivantes&nbsp;:"
205
 
206
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><screen>
207
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:122
208
#, no-wrap
209
msgid ""
210
"<userinput>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in &amp;&amp;\n"
211
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/groups\\.1 / /' {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
212
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/getspnam\\.3 / /' {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
213
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/passwd\\.5 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
214
"\n"
215
"sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' \\\n"
216
"       -e 's@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs &amp;&amp;\n"
217
"\n"
218
"sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd &amp;&amp;\n"
219
"\n"
220
"./configure --sysconfdir=/etc --with-group-name-max-length=32 &amp;&amp;\n"
221
"make</userinput>"
222
msgstr ""
223
"<userinput>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in &amp;&amp;\n"
224
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/groups\\.1 / /' {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
225
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/getspnam\\.3 / /' {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
226
"find man -name Makefile.in -exec sed -i 's/passwd\\.5 / /'   {} \\; &amp;&amp;\n"
227
"\n"
228
"sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' \\\n"
229
"       -e 's@/var/spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs &amp;&amp;\n"
230
"\n"
231
"sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd &amp;&amp;\n"
232
"\n"
233
"./configure --sysconfdir=/etc --with-group-name-max-length=32 &amp;&amp;\n"
234
"make</userinput>"
235
 
236
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
237
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:136
238
msgid "This package does not come with a test suite."
239
msgstr "Ce paquet n'est pas fourni avec une suite de tests."
240
 
241
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
242
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:140
243
msgid "Now, as the <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
244
msgstr ""
245
"Maintenant, en tant qu'utilisateur <systemitem class=\"username\">root</"
246
"systemitem>&nbsp;:"
247
 
248
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><screen>
249
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:143
250
#, no-wrap
251
msgid ""
252
"<userinput>make install &amp;&amp;\n"
253
"mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</userinput>"
254
msgstr ""
255
"<userinput>make install &amp;&amp;\n"
256
"mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</userinput>"
257
 
258
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
259
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:148
260
msgid "Command Explanations"
261
msgstr "Explication des commandes"
262
 
263
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
264
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:151
265
msgid ""
266
"<command>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in</command>: This sed "
267
"is used to suppress the installation of the <command>groups</command> "
268
"program as the version from the <application>Coreutils</application> package "
269
"installed during LFS is preferred."
270
msgstr ""
271
"<command>sed -i 's/groups$(EXEEXT) //' src/Makefile.in</command>&nbsp;: "
272
"Cette commande est utilisée pour supprimer l'installation du programme "
273
"<command>groups</command> vu qu'on préfère la version issue du paquet "
274
"<application>Coreutils</application> installé avec LFS."
275
 
276
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
277
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:158
278
msgid ""
279
"<command>find man -name Makefile.in -exec ... {} \\;</command>: This command "
280
"is used to suppress the installation of the <command>groups</command> man "
281
"pages so the existing ones installed from the <application>Coreutils</"
282
"application> package are not replaced."
283
msgstr ""
284
"<command>find man -name Makefile.in -exec ... {} ;</command>&nbsp;: Cette "
285
"commande est utilisée pour supprimer l'installation des pages de manuel "
286
"<command>groups</command> pour que celles existant et issus du paquet "
287
"<application>Coreutils</application> ne soient pas remplacées."
288
 
289
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
290
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:165
291
msgid ""
292
"<command>sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' -e 's@/var/"
293
"spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs</command>: Instead of using the "
294
"default 'DES' method, this command modifies the installation to use the more "
295
"secure 'SHA512' method of hashing passwords, which also allows passwords "
296
"longer than eight characters. It also changes the obsolete <filename class="
297
"\"directory\">/var/spool/mail</filename> location for user mailboxes that "
298
"<application>Shadow</application> uses by default to the <filename class="
299
"\"directory\">/var/mail</filename> location."
300
msgstr ""
301
"<command>sed -i -e 's@#ENCRYPT_METHOD DES@ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512@' -e 's@/var/"
302
"spool/mail@/var/mail@' etc/login.defs</command>&nbsp;: Au lieu d'utiliser la "
303
"méthode 'DES' par défaut, cette commande modifie l'installation pour "
304
"utiliser la méthode plus sécurisé 'SHA512' de hashage des mots de passe plus "
305
"sécurisée, qui autorise aussi les mots de passe d'une longueur supérieure à "
306
"huit caractères. Elle modifie aussi l'emplacement /<filename class="
307
"\"directory\">var/spool/mail</filename> obsolète pour les boîtes aux lettres "
308
"utilisateur qu'utilise <application>Shadow</application> par défaut en "
309
"<filename class=\"directory\">/var/mail</filename>."
310
 
311
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
312
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:176
313
msgid ""
314
"<command>sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd</command>: Make a minor change to "
315
"make the default useradd consistent with the LFS groups file."
316
msgstr ""
317
"<command>sed -i 's/1000/999/' etc/useradd</command>&nbsp;: Fait une "
318
"modification mineur pour faire que l'ajout de l'utilisateur par défaut soit "
319
"cohérent avec le fichier groups de LFS."
320
 
321
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
322
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:181
323
msgid ""
324
"<option>--with-group-name-max-length=32</option>: The maximum user name is "
325
"32 characters. Make the maximum group name the same."
326
msgstr ""
327
"<option>--with-group-name-max-length=32</option>&nbsp;: Le nom d'utilisateur "
328
"utilise au maximum 32 caractères. Faites la même chose pour le nom du groupe."
329
 
330
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
331
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:186
332
msgid ""
333
"<command>mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</command>: The <command>passwd</command> "
334
"program may be needed during times when the <filename class='directory'>/"
335
"usr</filename> filesystem is not mounted so it is moved into the root "
336
"partition."
337
msgstr ""
338
"<command>mv -v /usr/bin/passwd /bin</command>&nbsp;: Le programme "
339
"<command>passwd</command> peut être nécessaire aux moments où le système de "
340
"fichiers <filename class='directory'>/usr</filename> n'est pas monté pour "
341
"qu'il soit déplacé dans la partition racine. "
342
 
343
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
344
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:194
345
msgid "Configuring Shadow"
346
msgstr "Configuration de Shadow"
347
 
348
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
349
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:197
350
msgid ""
351
"<application>Shadow</application>'s stock configuration for the "
352
"<command>useradd</command> utility may not be desirable for your "
353
"installation. One default parameter causes <command>useradd</command> to "
354
"create a mailbox file for any newly created user.  <command>useradd</"
355
"command> will make the group ownership of this file to the <systemitem class="
356
"\"groupname\">mail</systemitem> group with 0660 permissions. If you would "
357
"prefer that these mailbox files are not created by <command>useradd</"
358
"command>, issue the following command as the <systemitem class=\"username"
359
"\">root</systemitem> user:"
360
msgstr ""
361
"La configuration par défaut de <application>Shadow</application> pour "
362
"l'outil <command>useradd</command> peut ne pas être désirable pour votre "
363
"installation. Un paramètre par défaut a pour conséquence que "
364
"<command>useradd</command> crée un fichier de boîte aux lettres pour chaque "
365
"nouvel utilisateur créé. <command>useradd</command> donnera l'appartenance "
366
"de groupe de ce fichier au groupe <systemitem class=\"groupname\">mail</"
367
"systemitem> avec les droits 0660. Si vous préféreriez que ces fichiers "
368
"boîtes aux lettres ne soient pas créés par <command>useradd</command>, "
369
"lancez la commande suivante en tant qu'utilisateur <systemitem class="
370
"\"username\">root</systemitem>&nbsp;:"
371
 
372
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><screen>
373
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:208
374
#, no-wrap
375
msgid "<userinput>sed -i 's/yes/no/' /etc/default/useradd</userinput>"
376
msgstr "<userinput>sed -i 's/yes/no/' /etc/default/useradd</userinput>"
377
 
378
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
379
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:212
380
msgid "Configuring Linux-PAM to Work with Shadow"
381
msgstr "Configuration de Linux-PAM pour fonctionner avec Shadow"
382
 
383
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><note><para>
384
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:216
385
msgid ""
386
"The rest of this page is devoted to configuring <application>Shadow</"
387
"application> to work properly with <application>Linux-PAM</application>. If "
388
"you do not have <application>Linux-PAM</application> installed, and you "
389
"reinstalled <application>Shadow</application> to support strong passwords "
390
"via the <application>CrackLib</application> library, no further "
391
"configuration is required."
392
msgstr ""
393
"Le reste de cette page est consacré à la configuration de "
394
"<application>Shadow</application> pour fonctionner correctement avec "
395
"<application>Linux-PAM</application>. Si vous n'avez pas installé "
396
"<application>Linux-PAM</application> et si vous avez réinstallé "
397
"<application>Shadow</application> pour supporter les mots de passe forts via "
398
"la bibliothèque <application>CrackLib</application>, aucune configuration "
399
"supplémentaire n'est nécessaire."
400
 
401
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><title>
402
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:227
403
msgid "Config Files"
404
msgstr "Fichiers de configuration"
405
 
406
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><para>
407
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:230
408
msgid ""
409
"<filename>/etc/pam.d/*</filename> or alternatively <filename>/etc/pam.conf</"
410
"filename>, <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename> and <filename>/etc/security/"
411
"*</filename>"
412
msgstr ""
413
"<filename>/etc/pam.d/*</filename> or alternatively <filename>/etc/pam.conf</"
414
"filename>, <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename> et <filename>/etc/security/"
415
"*</filename>"
416
 
417
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><indexterm><primary>
418
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:237
419
msgid "/etc/pam.d/*"
420
msgstr "/etc/pam.d/*"
421
 
422
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><indexterm><primary>
423
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:241
424
msgid "/etc/pam.conf"
425
msgstr "/etc/pam.conf"
426
 
427
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><indexterm><primary>
428
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:245
429
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:292
430
msgid "/etc/login.defs"
431
msgstr "/etc/login.defs"
432
 
433
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><indexterm><primary>
434
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:249
435
msgid "/etc/security/*"
436
msgstr "/etc/security/*"
437
 
438
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><title>
439
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:254
440
msgid "Configuration Information"
441
msgstr "Informations de configuration"
442
 
443
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><para>
444
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:257
445
msgid ""
446
"Configuring your system to use <application>Linux-PAM</application> can be a "
447
"complex task. The information below will provide a basic setup so that "
448
"<application>Shadow</application>'s login and password functionality will "
449
"work effectively with <application>Linux-PAM</application>. Review the "
450
"information and links on the <xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> page for further "
451
"configuration information. For information specific to integrating "
452
"<application>Shadow</application>, <application>Linux-PAM</application> and "
453
"<application>CrackLib</application>, you can visit the following link:"
454
msgstr ""
455
"La configuration de votre système pour utiliser <application>Linux-PAM</"
456
"application> peut être une tâche complexe. Les informations ci-dessous "
457
"fourniront un paramétrage de base pour que la fonctionnalité de connexion et "
458
"de mot de passe de <application>Shadow</application> fonctionne bien avec "
459
"<application>Linux-PAM</application>. Regardez les informations et les liens "
460
"sur la page <xref linkend=\"linux-pam\"/> pour des informations de "
461
"configuration supplémentaires. Pour des informations spécifiques à "
462
"l'intégration de <application>Shadow</application>, <application>Linux-PAM</"
463
"application> et <application>CrackLib</application>, vous pouvez visiter les "
464
"liens suivants&nbsp;:"
465
 
466
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><itemizedlist><listitem><para>
467
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:272
468
msgid ""
469
"<ulink url=\"http://www.deer-run.com/~hal/sysadmin/pam_cracklib.html\"/>"
470
msgstr ""
471
"<ulink url=\"http://www.deer-run.com/~hal/sysadmin/pam_cracklib.html\"/>"
472
 
473
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
474
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:278
475
msgid "Configuring /etc/login.defs"
476
msgstr "Configuration de /etc/login.defs"
477
 
478
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
479
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:281
480
msgid ""
481
"The <command>login</command> program currently performs many functions which "
482
"<application>Linux-PAM</application> modules should now handle.  The "
483
"following <command>sed</command> command will comment out the appropriate "
484
"lines in <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename>, and stop <command>login</"
485
"command> from performing these functions (a backup file named <filename>/etc/"
486
"login.defs.orig</filename> is also created to preserve the original file's "
487
"contents). Issue the following commands as the <systemitem class=\"username"
488
"\">root</systemitem> user:"
489
msgstr ""
490
"Le programme <command>login</command> effectue actuellement beaucoup de "
491
"fonctions que les modules <application>Linux-PAM</application> devraient "
492
"maintenant gérer. La commande <command>sed</command> suivante va commenter "
493
"les lignes adéquates dans <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename> et empêcher "
494
"<command>login</command> d'effectuer ces fonctions (un fichier de sauvegarde "
495
"appelé <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> est également créé pour "
496
"préserver le contenu du fichier d'origine). Exécutez les commandes suivantes "
497
"en tant qu'utilisateur <systemitem class=\"username\">root</"
498
"systemitem>&nbsp;:"
499
 
500
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
501
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:295
502
#, no-wrap
503
msgid ""
504
"<userinput>install -v -m644 /etc/login.defs /etc/login.defs.orig &amp;&amp;\n"
505
"for FUNCTION in FAIL_DELAY               \\\n"
506
"                FAILLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
507
"                LASTLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
508
"                MAIL_CHECK_ENAB          \\\n"
509
"                OBSCURE_CHECKS_ENAB      \\\n"
510
"                PORTTIME_CHECKS_ENAB     \\\n"
511
"                QUOTAS_ENAB              \\\n"
512
"                CONSOLE MOTD_FILE        \\\n"
513
"                FTMP_FILE NOLOGINS_FILE  \\\n"
514
"                ENV_HZ PASS_MIN_LEN      \\\n"
515
"                SU_WHEEL_ONLY            \\\n"
516
"                CRACKLIB_DICTPATH        \\\n"
517
"                PASS_CHANGE_TRIES        \\\n"
518
"                PASS_ALWAYS_WARN         \\\n"
519
"                CHFN_AUTH ENCRYPT_METHOD \\\n"
520
"                ENVIRON_FILE\n"
521
"do\n"
522
"    sed -i \"s/^${FUNCTION}/# &amp;/\" /etc/login.defs\n"
523
"done</userinput>"
524
msgstr ""
525
"<userinput>install -v -m644 /etc/login.defs /etc/login.defs.orig &amp;&amp;\n"
526
"for FUNCTION in FAIL_DELAY               \\\n"
527
"                FAILLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
528
"                LASTLOG_ENAB             \\\n"
529
"                MAIL_CHECK_ENAB          \\\n"
530
"                OBSCURE_CHECKS_ENAB      \\\n"
531
"                PORTTIME_CHECKS_ENAB     \\\n"
532
"                QUOTAS_ENAB              \\\n"
533
"                CONSOLE MOTD_FILE        \\\n"
534
"                FTMP_FILE NOLOGINS_FILE  \\\n"
535
"                ENV_HZ PASS_MIN_LEN      \\\n"
536
"                SU_WHEEL_ONLY            \\\n"
537
"                CRACKLIB_DICTPATH        \\\n"
538
"                PASS_CHANGE_TRIES        \\\n"
539
"                PASS_ALWAYS_WARN         \\\n"
540
"                CHFN_AUTH ENCRYPT_METHOD \\\n"
541
"                ENVIRON_FILE\n"
542
"do\n"
543
"    sed -i \"s/^${FUNCTION}/# &amp;/\" /etc/login.defs\n"
544
"done</userinput>"
545
 
546
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
547
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:318
548
msgid "Configuring the /etc/pam.d/ Files"
549
msgstr "Configuration des fichiers /etc/pam.d/"
550
 
551
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
552
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:321
553
msgid ""
554
"As mentioned previously in the <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
555
"instructions, <application>Linux-PAM</application> has two supported methods "
556
"for configuration. The commands below assume that you've chosen to use a "
557
"directory based configuration, where each program has its own configuration "
558
"file.  You can optionally use a single <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename> "
559
"configuration file by using the text from the files below, and supplying the "
560
"program name as an additional first field for each line."
561
msgstr ""
562
"Comme indiqué précédemment dans les instructions pour <application>Linux-"
563
"PAM</application>, <application>Linux-PAM</application> supporte deux "
564
"méthodes de configuration. Les commandes ci-dessous supposent que vous avez "
565
"choisi d'utiliser une configuration basée sur le répertoire, où chaque "
566
"programme a son propre fichier de configuration. Vous pouvez éventuellement "
567
"utiliser un seul fichier de configuration <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename> "
568
"en utilisant le texte de configuration des fichiers ci-dessous, en "
569
"fournissant le nom du programme comme premier champ à chaque ligne."
570
 
571
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
572
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:332
573
msgid ""
574
"As the <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user, replace the "
575
"following <application>Linux-PAM</application> configuration files in the "
576
"<filename class=\"directory\">/etc/pam.d/</filename> directory (or add the "
577
"contents to the <filename>/etc/pam.conf</filename> file)  using the "
578
"following commands:"
579
msgstr ""
580
"En tant qu'utilisateur <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>, "
581
"remplacez les fichiers de configuration <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
582
"suivants dans le répertoire <filename class=\"directory\">/etc/pam.d/</"
583
"filename> (ou ajoutez le contenu du fichier <filename>/etc/pam.conf</"
584
"filename>) en utilisant les commandes suivantes&nbsp;:"
585
 
586
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
587
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:341
588
msgid "'login'"
589
msgstr "'login'"
590
 
591
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
592
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:343
593
#, no-wrap
594
msgid ""
595
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/login &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
596
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/login\n"
597
"\n"
598
"# Set failure delay before next prompt to 3 seconds\n"
599
"auth      optional    pam_faildelay.so  delay=3000000\n"
600
"\n"
601
"# Check to make sure that the user is allowed to login\n"
602
"auth      requisite   pam_nologin.so\n"
603
"\n"
604
"# Check to make sure that root is allowed to login\n"
605
"# Disabled by default. You will need to create /etc/securetty\n"
606
"# file for this module to function. See man 5 securetty.\n"
607
"#auth      required    pam_securetty.so\n"
608
"\n"
609
"# Additional group memberships - disabled by default\n"
610
"#auth      optional    pam_group.so\n"
611
"\n"
612
"# include the default auth settings\n"
613
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
614
"\n"
615
"# check access for the user\n"
616
"account   required    pam_access.so\n"
617
"\n"
618
"# include the default account settings\n"
619
"account   include     system-account\n"
620
"\n"
621
"# Set default environment variables for the user\n"
622
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
623
"\n"
624
"# Set resource limits for the user\n"
625
"session   required    pam_limits.so\n"
626
"\n"
627
"# Display date of last login - Disabled by default\n"
628
"#session   optional    pam_lastlog.so\n"
629
"\n"
630
"# Display the message of the day - Disabled by default\n"
631
"#session   optional    pam_motd.so\n"
632
"\n"
633
"# Check user's mail - Disabled by default\n"
634
"#session   optional    pam_mail.so      standard quiet\n"
635
"\n"
636
"# include the default session and password settings\n"
637
"session   include     system-session\n"
638
"password  include     system-password\n"
639
"\n"
640
"# End /etc/pam.d/login</literal>\n"
641
"EOF</userinput>"
642
msgstr ""
643
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/login &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
644
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/login\n"
645
"\n"
646
"# Set failure delay before next prompt to 3 seconds\n"
647
"auth      optional    pam_faildelay.so  delay=3000000\n"
648
"\n"
649
"# Check to make sure that the user is allowed to login\n"
650
"auth      requisite   pam_nologin.so\n"
651
"\n"
652
"# Check to make sure that root is allowed to login\n"
653
"# Disabled by default. You will need to create /etc/securetty\n"
654
"# file for this module to function. See man 5 securetty.\n"
655
"#auth      required    pam_securetty.so\n"
656
"\n"
657
"# Additional group memberships - disabled by default\n"
658
"#auth      optional    pam_group.so\n"
659
"\n"
660
"# include the default auth settings\n"
661
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
662
"\n"
663
"# check access for the user\n"
664
"account   required    pam_access.so\n"
665
"\n"
666
"# include the default account settings\n"
667
"account   include     system-account\n"
668
"\n"
669
"# Set default environment variables for the user\n"
670
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
671
"\n"
672
"# Set resource limits for the user\n"
673
"session   required    pam_limits.so\n"
674
"\n"
675
"# Display date of last login - Disabled by default\n"
676
"#session   optional    pam_lastlog.so\n"
677
"\n"
678
"# Display the message of the day - Disabled by default\n"
679
"#session   optional    pam_motd.so\n"
680
"\n"
681
"# Check user's mail - Disabled by default\n"
682
"#session   optional    pam_mail.so      standard quiet\n"
683
"\n"
684
"# include the default session and password settings\n"
685
"session   include     system-session\n"
686
"password  include     system-password\n"
687
"\n"
688
"# End /etc/pam.d/login</literal>\n"
689
"EOF</userinput>"
690
 
691
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
692
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:393
693
msgid "'passwd'"
694
msgstr "'passwd'"
695
 
696
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
697
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:395
698
#, no-wrap
699
msgid ""
700
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/passwd &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
701
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/passwd\n"
702
"\n"
703
"password  include     system-password\n"
704
"\n"
705
"# End /etc/pam.d/passwd</literal>\n"
706
"EOF</userinput>"
707
msgstr ""
708
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/passwd &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
709
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/passwd\n"
710
"\n"
711
"password  include     system-password\n"
712
"\n"
713
"# End /etc/pam.d/passwd</literal>\n"
714
"EOF</userinput>"
715
 
716
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
717
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:405
718
msgid "'su'"
719
msgstr "'su'"
720
 
721
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
722
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:407
723
#, no-wrap
724
msgid ""
725
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/su &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
726
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/su\n"
727
"\n"
728
"# always allow root\n"
729
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
730
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
731
"\n"
732
"# include the default account settings\n"
733
"account   include     system-account\n"
734
"\n"
735
"# Set default environment variables for the service user\n"
736
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
737
"\n"
738
"# include system session defaults\n"
739
"session   include     system-session\n"
740
"\n"
741
"# End /etc/pam.d/su</literal>\n"
742
"EOF</userinput>"
743
msgstr ""
744
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/su &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
745
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/su\n"
746
"\n"
747
"# always allow root\n"
748
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
749
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
750
"\n"
751
"# include the default account settings\n"
752
"account   include     system-account\n"
753
"\n"
754
"# Set default environment variables for the service user\n"
755
"session   required    pam_env.so\n"
756
"\n"
757
"# include system session defaults\n"
758
"session   include     system-session\n"
759
"\n"
760
"# End /etc/pam.d/su</literal>\n"
761
"EOF</userinput>"
762
 
763
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
764
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:428
765
msgid "'chage'"
766
msgstr "'chage'"
767
 
768
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
769
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:430
7164 jlepiller 770
#, fuzzy, no-wrap
771
#| msgid ""
772
#| "<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/chage &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
773
#| "<literal>#Begin /etc/pam.d/chage\n"
774
#| "\n"
775
#| "# always allow root\n"
776
#| "auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
777
#| "\n"
778
#| "# include system defaults for auth account and session\n"
779
#| "auth      include     system-auth\n"
780
#| "account   include     system-account\n"
781
#| "session   include     system-session\n"
782
#| "\n"
783
#| "# Always permit for authentication updates\n"
784
#| "password  required    pam_permit.so\n"
785
#| "\n"
786
#| "# End /etc/pam.d/chage</literal>\n"
787
#| "EOF</userinput>"
7156 jlepiller 788
msgid ""
789
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/chage &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
7164 jlepiller 790
"<literal># Begin /etc/pam.d/chage\n"
7156 jlepiller 791
"\n"
792
"# always allow root\n"
793
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
794
"\n"
795
"# include system defaults for auth account and session\n"
796
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
797
"account   include     system-account\n"
798
"session   include     system-session\n"
799
"\n"
800
"# Always permit for authentication updates\n"
801
"password  required    pam_permit.so\n"
802
"\n"
803
"# End /etc/pam.d/chage</literal>\n"
804
"EOF</userinput>"
805
msgstr ""
806
"<userinput>cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/chage &lt;&lt; \"EOF\"\n"
807
"<literal>#Begin /etc/pam.d/chage\n"
808
"\n"
809
"# always allow root\n"
810
"auth      sufficient  pam_rootok.so\n"
811
"\n"
812
"# include system defaults for auth account and session\n"
813
"auth      include     system-auth\n"
814
"account   include     system-account\n"
815
"session   include     system-session\n"
816
"\n"
817
"# Always permit for authentication updates\n"
818
"password  required    pam_permit.so\n"
819
"\n"
820
"# End /etc/pam.d/chage</literal>\n"
821
"EOF</userinput>"
822
 
823
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
824
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:449
825
msgid "Other common programs"
826
msgstr "Autres programmes utiles"
827
 
828
#. <title>
829
#. 'chfn', 'chgpasswd', 'chgpasswd', 'chsh', 'groupadd', 'groupdel',
830
#.         'groupmems', 'groupmod', 'newusers', 'useradd', 'userdel' and
831
#.         'usermod'</title>
832
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
833
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:454
834
#, no-wrap
835
msgid ""
836
"<userinput>for PROGRAM in chfn chgpasswd chpasswd chsh groupadd groupdel \\\n"
837
"               groupmems groupmod newusers useradd userdel usermod\n"
838
"do\n"
839
"    install -v -m644 /etc/pam.d/chage /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
840
"    sed -i \"s/chage/$PROGRAM/\" /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
841
"done</userinput>"
842
msgstr ""
843
"<userinput>for PROGRAM in chfn chgpasswd chpasswd chsh groupadd groupdel \\\n"
844
"               groupmems groupmod newusers useradd userdel usermod\n"
845
"do\n"
846
"    install -v -m644 /etc/pam.d/chage /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
847
"    sed -i \"s/chage/$PROGRAM/\" /etc/pam.d/${PROGRAM}\n"
848
"done</userinput>"
849
 
7164 jlepiller 850
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
851
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:461
852
msgid ""
853
"Because the installation of <application>systemd</application> is not yet "
854
"complete, you will need to remove the <filename>/run/nologin</filename> file "
855
"before testing the installation. Execute the following command as the "
856
"<systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem> user:"
857
msgstr ""
858
 
859
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
860
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:467
861
#, fuzzy, no-wrap
862
#| msgid "<userinput>sed -i 's/yes/no/' /etc/default/useradd</userinput>"
863
msgid "<userinput>rm -f /run/nologin</userinput>"
864
msgstr "<userinput>sed -i 's/yes/no/' /etc/default/useradd</userinput>"
865
 
7156 jlepiller 866
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><warning><para>
7164 jlepiller 867
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:471
7156 jlepiller 868
msgid ""
869
"At this point, you should do a simple test to see if <application>Shadow</"
870
"application> is working as expected. Open another terminal and log in as a "
871
"user, then <command>su</command> to <systemitem class=\"username\">root</"
872
"systemitem>. If you do not see any errors, then all is well and you should "
873
"proceed with the rest of the configuration. If you did receive errors, stop "
874
"now and double check the above configuration files manually. You can also "
875
"run the test suite from the <application>Linux-PAM</application> package to "
876
"assist you in determining the problem. If you cannot find and fix the error, "
877
"you should recompile <application>Shadow</application> adding the <option>--"
878
"without-libpam</option> switch to the <command>configure</command> command "
879
"in the above instructions (also move the <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</"
880
"filename> backup file to <filename>/etc/login.defs</filename>). If you fail "
881
"to do this and the errors remain, you will be unable to log into your system."
882
msgstr ""
883
"À cette étape, vous devriez faire un simple test pour voir si "
884
"<application>Shadow</application> fonctionne comme prévu. Ouvrez un autre "
885
"terminal et connectez-vous en tant qu'utilisateur, puis <command>su</"
886
"command> en <systemitem class=\"username\">root</systemitem>. Si vous ne "
887
"voyez pas d'erreurs, tout va bien et vous devriez poursuivre le reste de la "
888
"configuration. Si vous avez reçu des erreurs, arrêtez-vous maintenant et "
889
"vérifiez à deux reprises les fichiers de configuration ci-dessus à la main. "
890
"Vous pouvez aussi lancer la suite de tests à partir du paquet "
891
"<application>Linux-PAM</application> pour vous aider à déterminer le "
892
"problème. Si vous n'arrivez pas à trouver et à corriger l'erreur, vous "
893
"devriez recompiler <application>Shadow</application> en ajoutant le "
894
"paramètre <option>--without-libpam</option> à la commande "
895
"<command>configure</command> dans les instructions ci-dessus (déplacez aussi "
896
"le fichier de sauvegarde <filename>/etc/login.defs.orig</filename> dans "
897
"<filename>/etc/login.defs</filename>). Si vous n'arrivez pas à faire cela et "
898
"si les erreurs demeurent, vous ne pourrez pas vous connecter à votre système."
899
 
900
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7164 jlepiller 901
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:491
7156 jlepiller 902
msgid "Configuring Login Access"
903
msgstr "Configuration de l'accès Login"
904
 
905
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7164 jlepiller 906
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:494
7156 jlepiller 907
msgid ""
908
"Instead of using the <filename>/etc/login.access</filename> file for "
909
"controlling access to the system, <application>Linux-PAM</application> uses "
910
"the <filename class='libraryfile'>pam_access.so</filename> module along with "
911
"the <filename>/etc/security/access.conf</filename> file.  Rename the "
912
"<filename>/etc/login.access</filename> file using the following command:"
913
msgstr ""
914
"Au lieu d'utiliser le fichier <filename>/etc/login.access</filename> pour "
915
"contrôler l'accès au système, <application>Linux-PAM</application> utilise "
916
"le module <filename class='libraryfile'>pam_access.so</filename> ainsi que "
917
"le fichier <filename>/etc/security/access.conf</filename>. Renommez le "
918
"fichier <filename>/etc/login.access</filename> en utilisant la commande "
919
"suivante&nbsp;:"
920
 
921
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><indexterm><primary>
7164 jlepiller 922
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:503
7156 jlepiller 923
msgid "/etc/security/access.conf"
924
msgstr "/etc/security/access.conf"
925
 
926
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7164 jlepiller 927
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:506
7156 jlepiller 928
#, no-wrap
929
msgid "<userinput>[ -f /etc/login.access ] &amp;&amp; mv -v /etc/login.access{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
930
msgstr "<userinput>[ -f /etc/login.access ] &amp;&amp; mv -v /etc/login.access{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
931
 
932
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><title>
7164 jlepiller 933
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:510
7156 jlepiller 934
msgid "Configuring Resource Limits"
935
msgstr "Configuration des limitations de ressources"
936
 
937
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><para>
7164 jlepiller 938
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:513
7156 jlepiller 939
msgid ""
940
"Instead of using the <filename>/etc/limits</filename> file for limiting "
941
"usage of system resources, <application>Linux-PAM</application> uses the "
942
"<filename class='libraryfile'>pam_limits.so</filename> module along with the "
943
"<filename>/etc/security/limits.conf</filename> file. Rename the <filename>/"
944
"etc/limits</filename> file using the following command:"
945
msgstr ""
946
"Au lieu d'utiliser le fichier <filename>/etc/limits</filename> pour limiter "
947
"l'utilisation des ressources système, <application>Linux-PAM</application> "
948
"utilise le module <filename class='libraryfile'>pam_limits.so</filename> "
949
"ainsi que le fichier <filename>/etc/security/limits.conf</filename>. "
950
"Renommez le fichier <filename>/etc/limits</filename> en utilisant la "
951
"commande suivante&nbsp;:"
952
 
953
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><indexterm><primary>
7164 jlepiller 954
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:522
7156 jlepiller 955
msgid "/etc/security/limits.conf"
956
msgstr "/etc/security/limits.conf"
957
 
958
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><screen>
7164 jlepiller 959
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:525
7156 jlepiller 960
#, no-wrap
961
msgid "<userinput>[ -f /etc/limits ] &amp;&amp; mv -v /etc/limits{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
962
msgstr "<userinput>[ -f /etc/limits ] &amp;&amp; mv -v /etc/limits{,.NOUSE}</userinput>"
963
 
964
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><sect3><sect4><caution><para>
7164 jlepiller 965
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:527
966
#, fuzzy
967
#| msgid ""
968
#| "Be sure to test the login capabilities of the system before logging out.  "
969
#| "Errors in the configuration can casue a permanent lockout requiring a "
970
#| "boot from an external source to correct the problem."
7156 jlepiller 971
msgid ""
972
"Be sure to test the login capabilities of the system before logging out.  "
7164 jlepiller 973
"Errors in the configuration can cause a permanent lockout requiring a boot "
7156 jlepiller 974
"from an external source to correct the problem."
975
msgstr ""
976
"Soyez certain de tester les possibilités de login sur le système avant de "
977
"quitter. Des erreurs dans la configuration peuvent causer un blocage "
978
"permanent demandant un démarrage depuis une source externe pour corriger le "
979
"problème."
980
 
981
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><title>
7164 jlepiller 982
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:538
7156 jlepiller 983
msgid "Contents"
984
msgstr "Contenu"
985
 
986
#. type: Content of: <sect1><sect2><para>
7164 jlepiller 987
#: blfs-en/postlfs/security/shadow.xml:541
988
#, fuzzy
989
#| msgid ""
990
#| "A list of the installed files, along with their short descriptions can be "
991
#| "found at <ulink url=\"http://www.linuxfromscratch.org/lfs/view/&lfs-"
992
#| "version;/chapter06/shadow.html#contents-shadow\"/>."
7156 jlepiller 993
msgid ""
994
"A list of the installed files, along with their short descriptions can be "
7164 jlepiller 995
"found at <phrase revision=\"sysv\"> <ulink url=\"&lfs-root;/chapter06/shadow."
996
"html#contents-shadow\"/></phrase> <phrase revision=\"systemd\"> <ulink url="
997
"\"&lfs-rootd;/chapter06/shadow.html#contents-shadow\"/></phrase>."
7156 jlepiller 998
msgstr ""
999
"Vous pouvez trouver une liste des fichiers installés ainsi que leurs "
1000
"descriptions courtes sur <ulink url=\"http://www.fr.linuxfromscratch.org/"
1001
"view/&lfs-version;/chapter06/shadow.html#contents-shadow\"/>."